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Making the Connection: Student Health and Academic Success PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Making the Connection: Student Health and Academic Success. Building Healthy Students. Family. School. Community. Mississippi’s children are facing a weight, nutrition, and health crisis. Mississippi Health Challenges. Youth Risk Survey (YRBS).

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Making the Connection: Student Health and Academic Success

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Making the connection student health and academic success l.jpg

Making the Connection: Student Health and Academic Success


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Building Healthy Students

Family

School

Community


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Mississippi’s children are facing a weight, nutrition, and health crisis.


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Mississippi Health Challenges


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Youth Risk Survey (YRBS)

www.healthyschoolsms.org/2007yrbsdatapage.htm


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Health Issues

Overweight

Undernourished

Sedentary

Diabetes (type 2)

CHD Risk Factors


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Academic Issues

Overweight

Undernourished

Sedentary

Diabetes (type 2)

CHD Risk Factors


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Percentage of U.S. Children and Adolescents Who Are Overweight* Hubbard, 2006

* >95th percentile for BMI by age and sex based on 2000 CDC BMI-for-age growth charts

**Data are from 1963-65 for children 6-11 years of age and from 1966-70 for adolescents 12-17 years of age

Source: National Center for Health Statistics


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Being overweight is an academic issue

  • Overweight children have more school absences than children with a healthy weight.

  • Seriously overweight children report a lower quality of life.

  • Weight-related teasing is a major cause of bullying at school.


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UNDERNOURISHED


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Being undernourished is an academic issue

  • Optimal nutrition is necessary for optimal cognitive functioning.

  • Zinc, iron, B-vitamins, and other nutrients are critically important to brain function and brain function.

  • Sub-optimal nutrition can affect academic performance and even IQ scores.


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UNDERNOURISHED


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Importance of Dairy

  • Kids who avoid milk are more likely to be overweight and to have bone fractures.

  • Higher milk intake in children is associated with lower body fat.


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Importance of Breakfast

  • Breakfast establishes the foundation for learning. Eating breakfast improves math grades, vocabulary skills, and memory.

  • Students who eat breakfast have fewer absences, fewer discipline problems, and fewer visits to the school nurses’ offices.

  • Youth who eat breakfast are less likely to be overweight and eating breakfast at school improves overall nutrient intake.


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SEDENTARY

  • 47 percent watched 3 or more hours of TV on an average school day.

  • 60 percent did not attend physical education classes.

  • 76 percent did not attend physical education classes daily.

  • 47 percent did not play on a sports team during the school year.


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Being sedentary is an academic issue

  • Research supports a connection between being active and improved brain performance.

  • Children who achieve more fitness standards tend to score higher on standardized tests.

  • Excessive screen time undermines children's education.


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DIABETES

  • Type 2 diabetes - once a disease of people over 40 - is increasingly common among children (as young as 9 and 10)

  • African-American, Hispanic-American and Native American youth are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes

  • CDC estimates “one in three children born in the US in 2000 will become diabetic during their lifetime …”


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Type 2 diabetes is an academic issue

  • Children with type 2 diabetes have more school absences.

  • Fluctuating blood sugar levels contribute to poor behavior and other school problems.

  • Children with type 2 diabetes also need more intensive nursing services.


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Research from U. Georgia and Medical College of Georgia

  • 200 overweight, inactive 7-11 year olds received nutrition education and 20 or 40 minutes of vigorous after-school activity

  • Three month program reduced body fat and diabetes risk, while improving bone density, thinking and decision making

  • Insulin resistance improved more in the children who were active for 40 minutes


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Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

  • High blood pressure (HBP) and pre-HBP are on the rise among youth, esp. among boys, African-Americans, and Hispanics.

  • Higher BMI during childhood is associated with an increased risk of CHD in adult- hood, esp. among boys.

  • Current data suggests that high BMI in adolescents will increase rates of CHD among future young/middle-aged adults.


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CHD risk factors are an academic issue

  • Like children with other serious health issues, those HPB and other CHD risk factors may have more absences.

  • They may also require more intensive nursing services while at school.

  • Young people with these problems are not fit, healthy, and ready to succeed.


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Building Healthy Students

Family

School

Community


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Building Healthy Students

  • Breakfast at home or school

  • Physical education/activity daily

  • Time to enjoy a balanced lunch

  • Health/nutrition education

  • Positive non-food rewards

  • Smart snack opportunities


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School Wellness

Child Nutrition and WIC

Reauthorization Act of 2004


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Wellness Policy

A document - approved by the local school board - that promotes a healthy school environment. By focusing on nutrition and physical activity standards, a wellness policy seeks to improve children’s health, classroom behaviors, and academic performance.

Mandated by USDA for School Year 2006-07


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What the law required starting in 2006-07…

  • Goals for nutrition education, physical activity, and activities to promote wellness

  • Nutrition guidelines for all foods available during the school day

  • Ways of measuring how well the policy is being implemented

  • Involvement of parents, students, school board, foodservice, administrators, teachers, and the public


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Mississippi Success:MDE Board Passes Vending Regulations ~ October 2006

  • As of 2007-2008 all full calorie, sugar carbonated soft drinks can not be sold

  • As of 2008-2009 bottled water, lowfat and nonfat milk, 100% juice, no/low calorie beverages and light juices or sports drinks may be sold*

  • Nutritional standards set for snack vending

    * Requirements vary by grade level

    www.healthyschoolsms.org/nutrition_services/Vending.html


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Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Mandates Student Health Councils, November 2006

  • A School Health Council (SHC) is an advisory group composed of committed individuals from both the school and the community.

  • The group works together to provide guidance and leadership to the school on all aspects of the school health program.


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Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Passes Healthy Students Act ~ 2007

Senate Bill 2369

  • Mandates for 2008-09 (grades K-8)

    • 150 minutes per week of Physical Education

    • 45 minutes per week of Health Education

  • Requires MDE to regulate statewide improvements in school nutrition programs

    www.cn.mde.k12.ms.us/resources/SB2369041307.pdf


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Mississippi Success:Mississippi Legislature Passes Mary Kirkpatrick Haskell-Mary Sprayberry Public School Nurse Program ~ 2007

House Bill 1132

  • To provide for a public school nurse program to be administered by the Department of Education through the Office of Healthy Schools

  • To specify the responsibilities of the nurses in the program

  • To prescribe the duties of the Office of Healthy Schools in administering the program


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Who benefits?

Administrators

Teachers

Schools

Families


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Who benefits?

STUDENTS


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