John 5
Download
1 / 9

John 5 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 272 Views
  • Updated On :

John 5. Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge. Broad Outline of Fourth Gospel. Ch. 1 Introduction: Prologue and Witness of John Ch. 2-12 Jesus Before the World ("Book of Signs")

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'John 5' - elina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
John 5 l.jpg

John 5

Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge


Broad outline of fourth gospel l.jpg
Broad Outline of Fourth Gospel

Ch. 1 Introduction: Prologue and Witness of John

Ch. 2-12 Jesus Before the World ("Book of Signs")

Theme: Through signs and discourses, Jesus reveals himself as the Son of God, sent to save the world, but is rejected by the world.

Ch. 2-4 Images of New Salvation

Ch. 5-10 Growing hostility

  • Christological claims become more explicit.

  • “The Jews” become increasingly hostile.

  • Organized around Jewish festivals, which Jesus fulfills:

    w Sabbath (ch. 5)

    w Passover (ch. 6)

    w Tabernacles (ch. 7-8)

    w Hanukkah (ch. 9-10)

    Ch. 11-12 Final rejection

    Ch. 13-20 Jesus Before the Disciples("Book of Passion/Glory")

    Ch. 21 Appendix: Appearance in Galilee


Chapter 5 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge l.jpg
Chapter 5Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

Sabbath

  • Set in Jerusalem during unspecified festival – also Sabbath.

  • Sabbath was 7th day of rest – rooted in Creation story (even God rests on Sabbath).

  • Pharisees took very seriously – 39 categories of prohibited labor.

  • Rabbinic theology: Does God rest on Sabbath? Yes, but not entirely.

    • God’s work as Creator ceases on Sabbath (Gen. 2:2-3).

    • God’s work as Judge (providential care and rule over world) continues on Sabbath – as seen in fact that births and deaths occur on Sabbath.

  • Sabbath-observance was likely a key issue in friction between Johannine community and synagogue.


Third sign healing a lame man 5 1 9 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge l.jpg
Third Sign: Healing a Lame Man (5:1-9)Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

  • Setting (v. 1-3)

    a. Pool by the Sheep Gate at Bethesda/Bethzatha/Bethsaida (v. 2).

    • Has been excavated – just north of temple.

    • Large public bath; surrounded by 4 porticos; divided by a fifth.

      b. Gathering place for sick hoping for a cure (v. 3).

    • V. 4 is later textual gloss; not in best manuscripts.

    • V. 7 seems to presuppose some such popular belief.

  • Description of illness (v. 5-7)

    • Lame man has been ill 38 years.

    • Jesus takes initiative – asks if he wants to be made well.

    • Response seems hesitant – utter despair, hopelessness.

  • Cure: Command to stand, take mat, and walk(v. 8; cf. Mk. 2:9).

  • Demonstration (v. 9)

    • The lame man takes up mat and walks—Jesus gives him back his life.

    • Now we learn it was on Sabbath.


  • Controversy with the jews 5 9 18 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge l.jpg
    Controversy with “the Jews” (5:9-18)Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

    • “The Jews” confront the cured man (v. 9-13).

      • Charge: violating Sabbath by carrying his mat.

      • Man shifts blame to his healer but doesn’t know who it was.

    • Jesus finds the man in the Temple (v. 14-15).

      • “Do not sin any more, so that nothing worse happens to you.”

        • Reflects trad. view of illness as punishment for sin (cf. Mk. 2:5, 9-11).

        • Existence of evil is due to sin in general, but we cannot assume direct connection between particular illnesses and particular sins.

        • Blind man’s condition is due neither to his sin nor to his parents’ (9:3).

        • Galileans slaughtered by Pilate and the 18 crushed by falling tower were not worse sinners than others (Lk. 13:1-5).

      • There is an “illness” worse than paralysis – sin – with greater consequences – separation from God.

      • Healed man tells “the Jews” it was Jesus who healed him.


    Controversy with the jews 5 9 18 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge6 l.jpg
    Controversy with “the Jews” (5:9-18)Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

    • “The Jews” now persecute Jesus for violating Sabbath (v. 16-18).

      • Jesus’ defense: “My Father is still working, and I also am working.”

      • Rabbis: God’s work as Judge (providence) continues on Sabbath, as seen in births and deaths on Sabbath.

      • Jesus’ work on Sabbath is same as God’s – Life-giver and Judge.

      • Now “the Jews” seek to kill him.


    Discourse on jesus authority 5 19 47 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge l.jpg
    Discourse on Jesus’ Authority (5:19-47)Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

    • Unity of Father and Son (v. 19-20).

      • Son does only what the Father does.

      • “Parable of the carpenter’s shop” (Dodd).

      • “Functional unity”: do same works and deserve same honor.

      • Jesus has no authority independent of God.

      • His authority comes out of total dependence and submission – one with God in will and purpose (cf. v. 30).

    • Two works of Father are entrusted to Son (v. 21-23):

      • Giving life – Jesus’ healings are signs of power to give eternal life.

      • Pronouncing judgment – occurs in people’s response to Jesus.

    • Judgment, resurrection, and eternal life (v. 24-30).

      • Realized eschatology (v. 24-25): resurrection, judgment, eternal life occur now by faith in Jesus.

      • Future eschatology (v. 28-29): same themes in futuristic language; future consummation.

      • Link between the two (v. 26-27): Son of Man who will come to judge confronts us now in Jesus.


    Discourse on jesus authority 5 19 47 jesus on the sabbath life giver and judge8 l.jpg
    Discourse on Jesus’ Authority (5:19-47)Jesus on the Sabbath: Life-Giver and Judge

    • Four witnesses to Jesus’ authority (v. 31-47).

      • Note trial-like atmosphere – concerned with rules of valid testimony.

      • Rabbinic tradition considered self-testimony and testimony of one witness invalid (Dt. 19:15).

      • Jesus denies self-testimony, but claims four witnesses who testify on his behalf:

        • John the Baptist (v. 33-35)

        • Jesus’ works (v. 36)

        • The Father (v. 37-38)

        • Scripture (v. 39-40)

      • Accusation of the accusers (v. 41-47).



    ad