issues in preschool assessment
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Issues In Preschool Assessment

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 18

issues in preschool assessment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 358 Views
  • Uploaded on

Issues In Preschool Assessment. Marissa S. Reed, Ed.S. School Psychologist Troup County School System LaGrange, Georgia. Purposes of Preschool Assessment (Nagle, 2000; Appl, 2000). Screening Diagnosis Individual program planning and monitoring Program evaluation.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'issues in preschool assessment' - elina


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
issues in preschool assessment

Issues In Preschool Assessment

Marissa S. Reed, Ed.S.

School Psychologist

Troup County School System

LaGrange, Georgia

purposes of preschool assessment nagle 2000 appl 2000
Purposes of Preschool Assessment (Nagle, 2000; Appl, 2000)
  • Screening
  • Diagnosis
  • Individual program planning and monitoring
  • Program evaluation

Reed, 2005

importance of preschool assessment
Importance of Preschool Assessment
  • Early detection=better outcomes (Feil & Severson, 1995)
  • Child-find screenings
  • National education goal (NCLB): starting school ready to learn (USDOE, 1992)
  • Early intervention required by IDEA (Bailey, 2000)
  • Children who are at-risk included also

Reed, 2005

preschoolers unique population nagle 2000
Preschoolers=Unique Population (Nagle, 2000)
  • Rapid developmental change
  • Behavior during testing may affect accuracy of test results
  • Approach testing situation differently than school-age students
  • Familiarity with strangers varies largely
  • View scores as current level of development which is constantly changing
  • Lack of prior school experience

Reed, 2005

issues to consider bracken 2000
Issues to Consider (Bracken, 2000)
  • Child’s temperament
  • Examiner approachability, affect, and physical presence
  • Behavior management
  • Environment
    • Furniture, decorations, distractions, climate, seating arrangement
  • Test floors and ceilings

Reed, 2005

traditional vs alternative methods of assessment nagle 2000
Traditional vs. Alternative Methods of Assessment(Nagle, 2000)
  • Traditional: standardized, norm-referenced
    • Battelle Developmental Inventory
    • Stanford-Binet, 5th Edition
    • Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children
    • Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, 3rd Edition (WPPSI-III)
    • Bracken Basic Concept Scale, 2nd Edition
    • Differential Ability Scales (DAS)
    • Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition
    • Preschool Language Scale, 4th Edition

Reed, 2005

traditional vs alternative methods of assessment nagle 20007
Traditional vs. Alternative Methods of Assessment(Nagle, 2000)
  • Alternative:
    • Play-based assessment (Ross, 2000 [Best Practices])
    • Direct observation
    • Parent interviews
    • Parent-child interactions
    • Clinical judgment rating scales
    • Curriculum-based assessment
    • Portfolio assessment (Mills, 1994)
    • Individual Growth and Development Indicators (IGDIs) (Best Practices)

Reed, 2005

traditional vs alternative methods of assessment nagle 20008
Traditional vs. Alternative Methods of Assessment(Nagle, 2000)
  • Bracken: problem is not the actual tests, but administration of test that does not consider the nature of the child or reason for referral
    • Use complementary assessment: best of both worlds
  • Sattler: behavioral state and temperament play a large role
  • Bag of tricks

Reed, 2005

assessment of behavior
Assessment of Behavior
  • Functional Behavior Assessment (Conroy & Davis, 2000)
  • Parental input is crucial
    • Rating scales
    • Developmental history
  • Observations
  • Parental point of reference
    • First child; different children’s development

Reed, 2005

family focus nagle 2000
Family Focus (Nagle, 2000)
  • Individual Family Support Plans (IFSP) instead of IEP
  • Parent participation
    • May be first contact with professionals
    • Parents as valuable source of information regarding representativeness of child’s performance (validity of results)
    • Observation of parent-child interaction
    • Initial notification of problems or diagnoses

Reed, 2005

importance of ecological perspective paget nagle 1986
Importance of Ecological Perspective (Paget & Nagle, 1986)
  • Settings and significant individuals
  • Social learning theory
  • Each child and their ecology as unique

Reed, 2005

best practices in early intervention barnett 2000
Best Practices in Early Intervention (Barnett, 2000)
  • Basics
    • Interesting and developmentally appropriate environments
    • Scanning
    • Guides, rules and consequences
    • Functional analysis
    • Modeling and opportunities to practice

Reed, 2005

best practices in early intervention barnett 200013
Best Practices in Early Intervention (Barnett, 2000)
  • Interventions for Language and Literacy
    • Milieu Language Interventions
    • Early Literacy
  • Interventions for Challenging Behaviors
    • High probability sequences
    • Alternative responses and functional communication training
    • Choices
    • Timed positives, fixed-time, or noncontingent reinforcement
    • Correspondence training

Reed, 2005

school readiness
School Readiness
  • Cognitive development
  • Social-emotional development
  • Communication and language development
  • Sensorimotor development

Reed, 2005

home activities to promote school readiness resource team 1992
Home Activities to Promote School Readiness (Resource Team, 1992)
  • Healthy pregnancy and mother’s nutrition
  • Regular health care after birth
  • Verbal communication with child
  • Reading to child
  • Opportunities to write, draw, sing, dance, and tell stories
  • Exposure to a variety of materials
  • Value on education and learning
  • Visits to libraries, museums, and cultural activities
  • Asking children questions
  • Opportunities to play and explore
  • Social interaction with other children
  • Build a sense of security and self-worth

Reed, 2005

important skills for school psychologists nagle 2000
Important Skills for School Psychologists (Nagle, 2000)
  • Training in traditional and nontraditional assessments
  • Evaluation of technical adequacy of instruments
  • Knowledge of related issues
  • Ability to establish collaborative relationships is imperative
  • Field-based practicum and internship experiences
  • Continuing professional development in early intervention and preschool issues

Reed, 2005

references
References
  • Appl, D.J. (2000). Clarifying the preschool assessment process: Traditional practices and alternative approaches. Early Childhood Education Journal, 27 (4), 219-225.
  • Bailey, D. B. (2000). The federal role in early intervention: Prospects for the future. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education, 20 (2), 71-78.
  • Barnett, D.W. (2000). Best practices in early intervention. In A. Thomas & J. Grimes (Eds.), Best Practices in School Psychology IV. Bethesda, MD: NASP.
  • Bracken, B.A. (2000). Maximizing construct relevant assessment: The optimal preschool testing situation. In B.A. Bracken (Ed.) The psychoeducational assessment of preschool children (pp. 33-44). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Conroy, M.A., & Davis, C.A. (2000). Early elementary-aged children with challenging behaviors: Legal and educational issues related to IDEA and assessment. Preventing School Failure, 44 (4), 163-168.

Reed, 2005

references18
References
  • Feil, E.G., & Severson, H.H. (1995). Identification of critical factors in the assessment of preschool behavior problems. Education & Treatment of Children, 18 (3), 261-272.
  • Mills, L. (1994). Yes, it can work!: Portfolio assessment with preschoolers. Paper presented at the Association for Childhood Education International Study Conference, New Orleans, LA, March 30-April 2, 1994.
  • Nagle, R.J. (2000). Issues in preschool assessment. In B. A. Bracken (Ed.), The psychoeducational assessment of preschool children (pp. 19-32). Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  • Paget, K.D., & Nagle, R.J. (1986). A conceptual model of preschool assessment. School Psychology Review, 15 (2), 154-165.
  • Resource Team on National Education Goal 1 (1992). Starting school ready to learn. Questions and answers on reading national education goal 1: ‘By the year 2000, all children in America will start school ready to learn.’ United States Department of Education.
  • Ross, R.P. (2000). Best practices in the use of play for assessment and intervention with young children. In A. Thomas & J. Grimes (Eds.) Best Practices in School Psychology IV. Bethesda, MD: NASP.

Reed, 2005

ad