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ICT in Afghanistan. Muhammad Aslam .af ccTLD Manager < [email protected] > http://www.nic.af Presentation by: Gaurab Raj Upadhaya at APOPS Forum, 16 APNIC Open Policy Meeting August, 21, 2003, Seoul, Korea. Afghanistan. Population : 25 million. Land Locked country.

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Ict in afghanistan l.jpg
ICT in Afghanistan

Muhammad Aslam

.af ccTLD Manager

<[email protected]>

http://www.nic.af

Presentation by: Gaurab Raj Upadhaya

at APOPS Forum, 16 APNIC Open Policy Meeting

August, 21, 2003, Seoul, Korea


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Afghanistan

Population : 25 million

Land Locked country

Pashtu & Dari official

Languages


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Network Infrastructure

  • All service providers/data providers are allowed to use their own VSATs

  • By set up of National Gateway, the service providers will be rerouting through National Gateway.

  • Currently five (5) ISPs are functional state and the sixth one is in process of deployment.


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ISPs in Afghanistan

NEDA ISP

  • Company Name: NEDA

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: Joint venture

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: YES

  • Date of License granted: 11 January 2003 (21 Jadi 1381 Hijri Shamsi)

  • Location of Operations: Kabul (Coming six months one of Herat, Kandahar, Mazar, Jalalabad)

  • Number of Customers: 100-250


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ISPs in Afghanistan

ARIANA Telecom

  • Company Name: Ariana Telecom

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: Afghans

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: YES

  • Date of License granted: 30 May 2003 (9 Jawza 1382 Hijri Shamsi)

  • Location of Operations: Jalalabad/Khost/Kabul

  • Number of Customers: Fresh Licensed


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ISPs in Afghanistan

CeReTechs(Center for Research and Technical Assistance)

  • Company Name: CeReTechs

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: 100% Afghan

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: YES

  • Date of License granted: 31 May 2003 (10 Jawza 1382 Hijri Shamsi)

  • Location of Operations: Kabul

  • Number of Customers: 110


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ISPs in Afghanistan

InstaNet

  • Company Name: InstaNet

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: 100% Afghan

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: YES

  • Date of License granted: 31 May 2003 (10 Jawza 1382 Hijri Shamsi)

  • Location of Operations: Kabul, Herat, Kandahar

  • Number of Customers: Fresh Licensed


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ISPs in Afghanistan

  • Company Name: Sarfaraz Bahadur/ Trasil Telecom

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: Afghan/ American

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: YES

  • Date of License granted: 14-November- 2002

  • Location of Operations: Herat

  • Number of Customers: 150-200


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ISPs in Afghanistan

  • Company Name: Itehad Internet Company

  • Nature: National

  • Ownership: 100%Afghan

  • Type of Business: Internet Service Provider

  • License Granted: Ready to be signed

  • Date of License granted:

  • Location of Operations: Kandahar

  • Number of Customers: 50-100


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Cyber Cafes

  • Private Cyber Cafes

    • Almost more than 200 cyber cafes in kabul.

  • Tele-Kiosk Project

    • Project to implement cyber cafes in Post Offices around the country for public with the help of UNDP and MoC.

    • Cyber cafes in different post offices around the country.

    • 6 cyber cafes has already started service in Kabul city.

      Addition by Gaurab: It's difficult to know the exact state of affairs, as many organizations have independent links through VSAT. AACA – Afghan Aid Co-ordination Authority, is the ISP/ service provider established by the World Bank and provides services to government ministries. UN Agencies have their own connectivity.


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AFGNIC

  • .af ccTLD

    • 8th January 2002

      • http://www.iana.org/reports/af-report-08jan03.htm

    • 12th February 2002

      • .af is live

    • 15th February 2002

      • First domain names registered

      • www.moc.gov.af,

      • www.undp.org.af

    • 7th March 200

      • nic.af live

  • Manual registration

  • Number of registered domain names

    • 81 domain names


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.af Registry

  • Exclusive registry

    • There is no any other registrar

  • OpenReg

    • Registry software

    • Why use OpenReg?

    • XML based

    • Exclusive Registry to Shared Registry

    • Opening up registration policies (allowing foreign registrations)

    • Improving existing operations (moving from proprietary/email protocol to fully automated live domain registrations)


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Future Trends in ICT

  • National Internet Exchange

  • Earth-Station

  • Network of Academic institutions & Govt. agencies

  • CERT


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Questions

Thank You!


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