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Florida Administrative Interlock Program. Robert B. Voas, Scott Tippetts, Milton Grosz Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation Calverton, MD 7 th Annual Ignition Interlock Symposium Bachelor Gulch, Colorado October 22–25, 2006. Background Features .

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Florida administrative interlock program l.jpg

Florida Administrative Interlock Program

Robert B. Voas, Scott Tippetts, Milton Grosz

Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation

Calverton, MD

7th Annual Ignition Interlock Symposium

Bachelor Gulch, Colorado

October 22–25, 2006


Background features l.jpg
Background Features

  • Suspended multiple offenders most likely to recidivate close to offense date.

  • Recidivism of suspended offenders declines over time but remains higher than the average driver.

  • Reinstated offenders have higher recidivism rates for many years following reinstatement.


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Six-Month Recidivism Rates over 6 Years from Date of Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders


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Special Features Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • Recidivism rate in Florida is low,

    but

  • 65.5% of drivers arrested for driving while suspended (DWS) from 1990 to 2005 were never convicted.


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Key Elements of the Program Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • Managed by the Florida Department of Motor Vehicles and Driver Licensing

  • A requirement for reinstatement following full suspension period

  • Applies to second offenders

  • Must complete all treatment requirements

  • Length of suspension dependent on nature of offense


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Reinstatement Interlock Law Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • High BAC first offenders 6 months

  • Second Offenders 12 months

  • Third Offenders 24 months

Applies to—


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Key Features of the Program Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • Required for reinstatement—cannot be waited out.

  • Provides for referral to treatment provider if offender receives a violation.

  • Has an objective compliance-based referral system.

  • Motor Vehicle Department receives compliance reports. Monitors providers.


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Interlock Program Features Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • DMV mails out notices to offenders that they are eligible to reinstate but must install an interlock for a specific period as part of their reinstatement process.

  • Offenders return form indicating they will install interlocks, and they appear at a licensing center with their interlock-equipped cars.


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Study of Florida DHSDL Interlock Program Suspension for Suspended and Reinstated Multiple DWI Offenders

  • Study period February 2004 to July 2006.

  • 51,043 second and multiple offenders received notices of eligibility to reinstate.

  • 41,759 males; 9,264 females.


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Proportion of Eligible Offenders Electing to Install Interlocks

13, 112 of the 51,043 = 25.7%


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Referral to Treatment Interlocks

When an offender gets a violation:

  • .051 or higher BAC at startup.

  • .051 or higher BAC while driving.

  • Refusal to blow into the device.

  • Tampering with the device.


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Treatment Consequence Interlocks

  • For a first violation, the offender is required to attend a single meeting with the local DUI program to ensure that the person on interlock knows how the device works and the purpose of the program.

  • For a second violation, the offender is required to meet with the local DUI program every month for the duration of the time on the interlock device.


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Dropouts and Referrals to Treatment among Reinstated Offenders

Total on interlock = 13,413


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Remaining to be Determined Offenders

  • Over time, will there be an increase in the number of offenders willing to install interlocks to be able to reinstate?

  • Will the number who drop out increase or decrease?

  • What proportion of those referred to treatment will continue in the interlock program?


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