Direct and indirect objects
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Direct and Indirect Objects. 3-10 P. 132. Direct Objects. As you know, every predicate contains a verb. Some predicates, however, need more than just a verb to complete the sentence. A dragonfly has. (has what) A dragonfly has wings.

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Direct and Indirect Objects

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Direct and Indirect Objects

3-10

P. 132


Direct Objects

  • As you know, every predicate contains a verb. Some predicates, however, need more than just a verb to complete the sentence.

    • A dragonfly has. (has what)

    • A dragonfly has wings.


  • The additional words needed to complete the meaning of a sentence are called complements. Different verbs require different kinds of complements.


  • As you learned in the last lesson, a transitive verb requires a direct object to receive the action.

  • The direct object is always a noun or a pronoun that answers the questions whom? or what? after the verb.

    • Beady eyes cover a dragonfly’s head. (Cover what? Head)

    • Dragonflies do not harm people. (Harm who? People)


  • A sentence may contain a compound direct object.

    • Dragonflies eat mosquitoes and other insects.


Find the direct object or objects in each sentence.

  • Worker bees perform many different tasks in the hive.

  • They make wax and build honeycombs.

  • They also clean the hive and guard the entrance.

  • The larger workers collect nectar, pollen, and water and store it in the hive.

  • The smaller ones rarely leave the nest.

  • A group of worker bees surrounds the extremely important queen bee at all times.

  • The queen bee lays the eggs for the hive.


Find the direct object or objects in each sentence.

  • 8. The workers clean her and bring special food to her.

  • 9. They also prepare the cells of the hive for her eggs.

  • 10. Each cell contains one egg.

  • 11. Eventually an adult bee will leave the cell and begin the duties of a worker.

  • 12. Worker bees also protect the other bees in the hive during the cold winter months.

  • 13. By slowly moving their wings, the worker bees create heat within the hive.

  • 14. The cold weather, however, kills many workers near the edge of the hive.


Indirect Objects

  • Some transitive verbs have two kinds of objects. The direct object receives the action, and the indirect object tells who or what was affected by the action.

    • I showed Vince the fireflies.

    • The fireflies gave us a good show.


  • Only sentences with direct objects can have indirect objects.

  • To determine whether a sentence has an indirect object, first find the direct object. The indirect object always comes before the direct object.


  • Indirect objects answer the questions to or for whom? Or to or for what?

  • Nouns or pronouns with to and for can replace indirect objects. If a word follows to or for, however, it is NOT an indirect object.

    • I showed the fireflies to Vince.

    • The fireflies gave a show for us.


  • Like direct objects, indirect objects can be compound.

    • The fireflies gave Vince and me a good show.


List each object in the sentences below. Label it direct or indirect.

  • 15. I asked Ms. Jackson some questions about spiders.

  • 16. She lent Mark and me a book of photographs of spider webs.

  • 17. Each type of spider gives its web a different shape and design.

  • 18. I showed the other students pictures of sheet webs, funnel webs, and round webs.

  • 19. Most spiders trap insects in their silken webs.

  • 20. Balloon spiders produce silk for another purpose.

  • 21. These spiders climb tall grasses.

  • 22. Then they spin silk balloons and float through the air.


List each object in the sentences below. Label it direct or indirect.

  • 23. Ms. Jackson will give us another lesson on spiders tomorrow.

  • 24. Each type of butterfly has a particular wing pattern.

  • 25. Thousands of tiny scales cover a butterfly’s wing.

  • 26. The scales make a design in certain shapes and colors.

  • 27. I showed the class a picture of a monarch butterfly’s wing.

  • 28. The monarch’s wing pattern serves a special purpose.


List each object in the sentences below. Label it direct or indirect.

  • 29. Sometimes birds eat butterflies.

  • 30. The bodies of monarch butterflies contain a certain chemical.

  • 31. This poisonous chemical gives birds an illness.

  • 32. As a result, they avoid all butterflies with the monarch’s wing patterns.

  • 33. Several types of butterflies imitate the monarch.

  • 34. This trick provides these imitators safety from birds.


List each object in the sentences below. Label it direct or indirect.

  • 35. The color of their wings also gives butterflies protection.

  • 36. Many types of butterflies display the colors and patterns of certain rocks or plants.

  • 37. An enemy cannot see these butterflies against their surroundings.

  • 38. I give the dead leaf butterfly my vote for the most amazing disguise.

  • 39. This butterfly’s wings have an incredible similarity to a dead leaf.

  • 40. The dead leaf butterfly would certainly fool me!


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