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Abnormal Psychology Fourth Edition Oltmanns and Emery PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Abnormal Psychology Fourth Edition Oltmanns and Emery. PowerPoint Presentation Prepared By Fred W. Whitford Montana State University. Chapter 8 Stress and Physical Health. This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:

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Abnormal Psychology

Fourth Edition

Oltmanns and Emery

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


PowerPoint Presentation

Prepared By

Fred W. Whitford

Montana State University

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


Chapter 8

Stress and Physical Health

  • This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited by law:

  • any public performance or display, including transmission of any image over a network;

  • preparation of any derivative work, including the extraction, in whole or in part, of any images;

  • any rental, lease, or lending of the program.

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Overview

  • Stress

  • Psychosomatic Disorders

  • Coping

  • Behavioral Medicine

  • Health Psychologists

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Overview

  • Case Study:

    • Stress and Bob Carter’s Heart Attack

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Defining Stress

  • Stress as a Life Event

    • Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS)

  • Stress as Appraisal of Life Events

    • Primary Appraisal

    • Secondary Appraisal

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Amount of Change Caused by the Same Live Events

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Fight or Flight Response

  • Psychophysiological Responses to Stress

    • Cortisol

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Further Thoughts:

    • Tend and Befriend: The Female’s Alternative to Fight or Flight?

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Immune System Responses

    • Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)

  • Illness and Chronic Stress

    • General Adaption Syndrome (GAS)

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Coping

    • Problem-Focused Coping

    • Emotion-Focused Coping

    • Outlets for Frustration

    • Repression

    • Predictability and Control

    • Optimism

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

  • Research Close-Up:

    • Disclosure of Trauma and Immunity

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Typical Symptoms: Responding to Stress

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  • Health Behavior

    • Following Medical Advice

      • Illness Behavior

    • Social Support

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Classification of Stress and Physical Illness

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  • Brief Historical Perspective

  • Contemporary Approaches

  • Illness as a Cause of Stress

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Criteria for Psychological Factors Affecting Medical Conditions

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Categories of Psychosocial and Environmental Problems

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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Cancer

  • Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)

    • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

  • Pain Management

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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Sleep Disorders

    • Primary Sleep disorder

      • Dyssomnias

      • Parasomnias

      • Primary Insomnia

      • Primary Hypersomnia

      • Breathing-Related Sleep Disorder

      • Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorder

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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The Role of Psychological Factors in Some Familiar Illnesses

  • Sleep Disorders

    • Primary Sleep disorder

      • Nightmare Disorder

      • Sleep Terror Disorder

      • Sleepwalking Disorder

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Cardiovascular Disease (CVD)

  • Hypertension

  • Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

  • Myocardial Infarction (MI)

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Typical Symptoms and Associated Features of Hypertension and CHD

    • Systolic

    • Diastolic

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Classification of CVD

    • Angina Pectoris

    • Sudden Cardiac Death

    • Secondary Hypertension

    • Essential Hypertension

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Epidemiology of CVD

    • Risk Factors for CHD

    • Behavior and CHD

      • Type A Behavior

    • Risk Factors for Hypertension

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Etiological Considerations and Research on CVD

    • Biological Factors in CVD

    • Psychological Factors in CVD

      • Cardiovascular Reactivity to Stress

      • Life Stressors and CVD: Job Strain

      • Type A Behavior and Hostility

      • Depression and Anxiety

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Etiological Considerations and Research on CVD

    • Social Factors in CVD

    • Integration and Alternative Pathways

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Research Methods:

    • Longitudinal Research Designs

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease

    • Primary Prevention

    • Secondary Prevention

      • Stress Management

      • Biofeedback

    • Tertiary Prevention

      • Role Playing

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Cardiovascular Disease

  • Getting Help

Copyright Prentice Hall 2004


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