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Books. The Permanent Medium. Ancient History. Clay Tablets 2,500 B.C. Papyrus Scrolls Egypt, Rome, Greece First Public Library Athens 540 B.C. Had 1 ½ million handwritten scrolls Burned in War by Romans Destroyed by 400 A.D. More History. Paper perfected by Chinese during Middle Ages

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books

Books

The Permanent Medium

ancient history
Ancient History
  • Clay Tablets 2,500 B.C.
  • Papyrus Scrolls Egypt, Rome, Greece
  • First Public Library Athens 540 B.C.
  • Had 1 ½ million handwritten scrolls
  • Burned in War by Romans
  • Destroyed by 400 A.D.
more history
More History
  • Paper perfected by Chinese during Middle Ages
  • Johannes Gutenberg 1456 Moveable Type
  • Bible first printed in Latin 42 lines per page
eps applied to u s
EPS Appliedto U.S.
  • Elite stage up to 19th century
  • First Press at Harvard in 1638 by Mass Bay Colonists
  • The Whole Book of Psalmes/Bay Psalm Book
  • First Secular to have success was Ben Franklin Poor Richard’s Almanac in 1733
  • Franklin 1744 first Novel Pamela by Samuel Richardson
more eps
More EPS
  • Thomas Payne 1776 Common Sense
  • 120,000 in 3 months
  • spelled out case for American Revolution
popular
Popular
  • Rise of public education in the mid 1800s
  • US had highest literacy rate in the world
  • Industrial Revolution helped make book more affordable; rotary press
  • Popular novelists Edgar Allan Poe, Henry David Thoreau, Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • Erastus Beadle mass produced dime novels
more popular
More Popular
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe 1852
  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin
  • Herman Melville 1851
  • Moby Dick
  • Mark Twain
  • authors become popular and have followings
  • Free public library system arrives
more popular8
More Popular
  • As industry grows and topics expand,
  • censorship arrives
  • Anthony Comstock 1873 New York City
  • New York Society for the Suppression of Vice
  • made it illegal to send anything obscene through the mail
  • Banned books; burned books
specialized
Specialized
  • 1945 to present
  • You name it
  • Self-help
  • Science Fiction
  • Non-fiction In Cold Blood Truman Capote
  • Instant books—JFK assassination
  • Photo books
  • Mass market Paperbacks
  • Comic Books Late 1930s Action Comics/Superman
more specialized
More Specialized
  • Mid 1980s to present
  • Largest number of sales—textbooks!
  • Audio books
  • E-books hand held electronic devices
  • Desktop Publishing What Color is Your Parachute? Richard Nelson Bolles
  • Conglomerates (see video)
  • Amazon.com
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