Birth of the republican party
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Birth of the Republican party. Ch 10 Sect 3 Pg 318. Slavery Divides the Whigs. General Winfield Scott became the Pres. Nominee for the Whig Party. Scott owed this to the Northern Whigs who opposed the Fugitive Slave Act. Southern Whigs backed the Compromise of 1850. Whigs lost the election.

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Birth of the Republican party

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Birth of the republican party

Birth of the Republican party

Ch 10 Sect 3

Pg 318


Slavery divides the whigs

Slavery Divides the Whigs

  • General Winfield Scott became the Pres. Nominee for the Whig Party.

  • Scott owed this to the Northern Whigs who opposed the Fugitive Slave Act.

  • Southern Whigs backed the Compromise of 1850.

  • Whigs lost the election.

  • The party took opposing views on the Kansas-Nebraska Act as well.

  • Southern Whigs looked for a proslavery, pro-union party to join.


Nativism

Nativism

  • American Party

  • Believed in Nativism – the favoring of native born Americans over immigrants.

  • “I Know Nothing”

  • Became known as the Know-Nothing Party.

  • Middle class, protestants, believed there was a conspiracy to overthrow the Democracy.

  • Split over slavery

  • Southerners looked for an alternative to the Democrats.

  • Northerners turned to the Republican Party.


Liberty party

Liberty Party

  • Abolitionist party, very small

  • Purpose- to pursue the cause of abolition by passing new laws.


Free soil party

Free-Soil Party

  • Northerners were Free-Soilers w/o being abolitionists.

  • Supported laws prohibiting black settlement in white communities & denying blacks the right to vote.

  • Objected to slavery b/c of its impact on white labor.

  • Convinced that a conspiracy existed to spread slavery throughout the U.S.


Republican party

Republican Party

  • Northern Whigs, antislavery Democrats, & Free-Soilers formed the new Republican Party.

  • Founder was Horace Greeley

  • Opposed the Kansas-Nebraska Act

  • Wanted to resurrect the Missouri Compromise

  • Primary competition was the Know-Nothing Party b/c same target voters

  • Sack of Lawrence, Pottawatomie Massacre, “Bleeding Kansas” gave the Republicans ammunition to challenge the Democrats


Election of 1856

Election of 1856

  • Republicans chose John Fremont

    • Mapped the Oregon trail & led troops in CA during the war w/ Mexico

  • Know-Nothings split

    • Northerners – Fremont

    • Southerners – nominated Millard Fillmore

  • Democrats nominated James Buchanan

  • He had been out of the country during the controversy over the Kansas-Nebraska Act.

  • Did not anger the north or the south.

  • Only truly national candidate

  • Won the election


Answer these questions

Answer these questions

How did the slavery issue affect the Whig party?

What was nativism and how did it affect American politics?

What did the Free-Soil Party believe in?

What issue united people in the Republican Party?

What were the issues and outcome of the Election of 1856?


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