Latin america today
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 18

LATIN AMERICA TODAY PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 35 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

LATIN AMERICA TODAY. THE ECONOMY. Export Campesino Latifundia Minifundia Cash crop. Gross domestic product Service industry Maquiladora Free trade zone. ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES. Agriculture Supplies major chunk of income Export- sell to other countries what is produced

Download Presentation

LATIN AMERICA TODAY

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Latin america today

LATIN AMERICA TODAY


The economy

THE ECONOMY

  • Export

  • Campesino

  • Latifundia

  • Minifundia

  • Cash crop

Gross domestic product

Service industry

Maquiladora

Free trade zone


Economic activities

ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

  • Agriculture

    • Supplies major chunk of income

    • Export- sell to other countries what is produced

      • Ex: Bananas, sugarcane, coffee

    • Land divided into wealthy and campesinos

      • Rural farmers and workers

    • Latifundia

      • LARGE estates owned by wealthy families and corporations

    • Minifundia

      • All other farms

    • Cash crops- produced in large quantities to sell abroad

    • Problem is overdependence


Industry

INDUSTRY

  • Most are developing countries

    • EX: Mexico- from farming to oil production

    • 2005- manufacturing = 16% and agriculture 4% of Gross Domestic product (GDP)

      • Values of goods and services produced in a country in a year

  • Moving towards service industry

    • Provides a service

    • Ex: tourism


Growth

GROWTH

  • Limited in Latin America

  • Andes and Amazon Rainforest restrict availability of natural resources

  • Foreign investment

  • Political instability

  • Solution

    • Stable gov’t

    • Provide the necessary resources

    • Active business communities


Maquiladoras

MAQUILADORAS

  • Manufacturing plants owned by foreign countries

    • EX: Mexico

    • Cuidad Juarez, and Tijuana

    • 3,200 employ over 1 million workers

    • Located in free-trade zones

      • No trade restrictions


Transportation and communication

TRANSPORTATION and COMMUNICATION

  • Physical barriers

  • Pan-American Highway

    • Northern Mexico to Southern Chile

  • Trans-Andean Highway

    • Chile to Argentina

  • Brazil

    • Trans-Amazonian Highway

  • Trans-Oceanic Highway

    • Peru and Brazil

    • Link between the Amazon and the Pacific


Transportation and communication cont

TRANSPORTATION and COMMUNICATION (cont)

  • Railway System

    • Mexico, Panama, Argentina, Brazil

  • Air Travel

    • Important to overcoming geographic barriers

  • Communication

    • Censored during political unrest

    • Most cannot afford telephones

  • 2004

    • Brazil & Mexico among top 15 countries with the highest rate of computer use

  • Today- internet hub in D.R. to make it more stable


Foreign debt

FOREIGN DEBT

  • 1960s and 1970s

    • Latin American countries borrowed $$ from banks to industrialize

  • 1980s

    • Economic slow-down

    • Lower demand for Latin American products

    • Could not repay loans

  • Problem is finding a solution


Trade and interdependence

TRADE and INTERDEPENDENCE

  • NAFTA

    • 1992 NAFTA

    • Reduced trade restrictions

    • Increased flow of goods, services, and people

    • Trade went up by 10-15%

  • Controversy

    • U.S. job loss to less paid Mexican workers

    • U.S. investment in Mexico, but no relocation


Trade and interdependence cont

TRADE and INTERDEPENDENCE (cont)

  • CAFTA

    • 2005

    • U.S. + 6 Central American countries

    • Goal was to lower trade barriers between U.S. and Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and D.R.

  • FEAR

    • U.S. job loss

    • Exploitation of lower paid workers


The pan american highway

THE PAN-AMERICAN HIGHWAY


The people and their environment

THE PEOPLE and THEIR ENVIRONMENT

  • KEY TERMS:

    • DEFORESTATION

    • SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    • SLASH and BURN FARMING

    • REFORESTATION

    • SHANTYTOWN


Manging resources

MANGING RESOURCES

  • Deforestation- disappearing of forests for other uses

  • Solution:

    • Sustainable development- use only what natural resources are needed to sustain life

  • Farms vs. Forests

    • Clearing of the Amazon Basin to set-up new farmland

    • Slash-and-burn farming

      • All plants are cut down; trees are stripped of their bark; once dried out they burn it so that the soil gets nutrients


Biodiversity

BIODIVERSITY

  • Diverse rainforest is at danger of being lost

  • ½ of all plant and animal species live in the rainforest

  • 20% of the Amazon Rainforest has already been cleared

  • Atlantic Forest

    • Lesser known

    • In Brazil

    • 7% of its original size today

  • MEDICINE


Reforestation

REFORESTATION

  • Planting for the future

    • Laws require that young trees or seeds be planted for the future

    • Developing new methods of farming


Human impact

HUMAN IMPACT

  • Rapid urbanization = environmental issues

  • Workers move to cities

    • Hope to find a better life

    • Sometimes they DON’T

    • Shantytowns- makeshift communities on the edge of cities

    • unsanitary


The future

THE FUTURE

  • Territorial conflict

    • Disputed border wars

    • Ex: 1998 Peru and Ecuador settled a 60 year border war

  • Natural Disasters

    • L.A. vulnerable to hurricanes, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions

  • Cool Fact

    • In 1995 a volcanic eruption left 2/3 of the island of Monserrat inhabitable


  • Login