Indian music
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Indian music PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Indian music. Includes multiple varieties of folk, popular, pop, classical music and R&B It has evolved over several eras Includes two subgenres- Hindustani and Carnatic music B egan as an integral part of socio-religious life. Hindustani Music.

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Indian music

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Indian music

Indian music

  • Includes multiple varieties of folk, popular, pop, classical music and R&B

  • It has evolved over several eras

  • Includes two subgenres- Hindustani and Carnatic music

  • Began as an integral part of socio-religious life


Hindustani music

Hindustani Music

  • The Hindustani or North Indian style of Indian classical music

  • Originated in Vedic ritual chants, but it has been evolving since the 12th century CE

  • Originated from what is now North India, Pakistan and Bangladesh and to some extent in Nepal and Afghanistan


Characteristics of hindustani music

Characteristics of Hindustani music

  • It has religious/philosophical roots

  • Highly formalised grammar

  • Has several different genres (e.g. Alap, Masidkhani) and styles (Geeti, Bani or Baaj)

  • Capable of intense expression in very slow speeds

  • Steady, long held notes

  • Gradually builds up tempo


Carnatic music

Carnatic music

  • Associated with the southern part of the Indian subcontinent

  • Confined two four modern states: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu

  • Evolved from ancient Hindu traditions

  • Of a more recent origin


Characteristics of carnatic music

Characteristics of Carnatic music

  • Emphasis on vocal singing, most compositions are written to be sung

  • Composition based, hence very little improvisation

  • Has a very constant and quick tempo from the start

  • Notes are not held for long

  • It is usually performed by a small ensemble


Differences between hindustani and carnatic music

Differences between Hindustani and Carnatic music

  • Hindustani music uses various instruments, Carnatic uses mostly vocals

  • Hindustani builds up the tempo, yet Carnatic has a constant, quick tempo so it lacks intensity, introspection, microtones and several ornaments found in Hindustani music

  • Hindustani music contains more improvisation

  • Carnatic music has short notes, yet Hindustani music has long, held notes


References

References

  • ‘Wikipedia: Music of India’ [online] 2001, Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Music_of_India [accessed 28th November, 2013]

  • ‘Wikipedia: Hindustani Classical Music’ [online] 2001, Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hindustani_music [accessed 28th November, 2013]

  • ‘Raga Culture: Hindustani Music’ [online] (date created not listed) Available: http://www.ragaculture.com/hindustani_music.html [accessed 28th November, 2013]

  • ‘Wikipedia: Carnatic Music’ [online] 2001, Available: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carnatic_music [accessed 28th November, 2013]


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