Understanding depression
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Understanding Depression. What causes Depression?. Family History Having a family members who has depression may increase a person’s risk Imbalances of certain chemicals in the brain may lead to depression. Major Life Changes

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Presentation Transcript

What causes depression
What causes Depression?

  • Family History

    • Having a family members who has depression may increase a person’s risk

    • Imbalances of certain chemicals in the brain may lead to depression


  • Major Life Changes

    • Positive or negative events can trigger depression. Examples include the death of a loved one or a promotion.

    • Major Illnesses such as heart attack, stroke or cancer may trigger depression.



Symptoms of depression
Symptoms of Depression side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • Vary from person to person

  • 2 key signs are loss of interest in things you like to do and sadness or irritability


Additional signs include
Additional Signs include: side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • Changes in feelings which may include:

    • Feeling empty

    • Inability to enjoy anything

    • Hopelessness

    • Loss of sexual desire

    • Loss of warm feelings for family or friends

    • Feelings of self blame or guilt

    • Loss of self esteem

    • Inexplicable crying spells, sadness or irritability


Changes in behavior and attitude
Changes in behavior and attitude side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • These may include:

    • General slowing down

    • Neglect of responsibilities and appearance

    • Poor memory

    • Inability to concentrate

    • Suicidal thoughts, feelings or behaviors

    • Difficulty making decisions


Physical complaints
Physical Complaints side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • These may include:

    • Sleep disturbances such as early morning waking, sleeping too much or insomnia

    • Lack of energy

    • Loss of appetite

    • Weight loss or gain

    • Unexplained headaches or backaches

    • Stomachaches, indigestion or changes in bowl habits


Common types of depression
Common Types of Depression side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • Major Depression

  • Dysthymia

  • Bipolar Disorder

  • Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)


Major depression
Major Depression side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • This type causes symptoms that may:

    • Begin suddenly, possibly triggered by a loss, crisis or change

    • Interfere with normal functioning

    • Continue for months or years

    • It is possible for a person to have only one episode of major depression. It is more common for episodes to be long lasting or to occur several times during a person’s life


Dysthymia
Dysthymia side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • People with this illness are mildly depressed for years. They function fairly well on a daily basis but their relationships suffer over time.


Bipolar disorder
Bipolar Disorder side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • People with this type of illness change back and forth between periods of depression and periods of mania (an extreme high).

  • Symptoms of mania may include:

    • Less need for sleep

    • Overconfidence

    • Racing thoughts

    • Reckless behavior

    • Increased energy

    • Mood changes are usually gradual, but can be sudden


Season affective disorder
Season Affective Disorder side effects much like the symptoms of depression.

  • This is a depression that results from changes in the season. Most cases begin in the fall or winter, or when there is a decrease in sunlight.



Treatment for depression
Treatment for Depression depression

  • Medication

    • Antidepressants can help ease the symptoms of depression and return a person to normal functioning. Antidepressants are not habit forming.


Psychotherapy
Psychotherapy depression

  • This can help many depressed people understand themselves and cope with their problems. For example:

    • Interpersonal therapy works to change relationships that affect depression

    • Cognitive-behavioral therapy helps people change negative thinking and behavior patterns





Things to do
Things to do depression

  • Reduce or eliminate the use of alcohol or drugs

  • Exercise or engage in some form of physical activity

  • Eat a proper, well-balanced diet


  • Obtain an adequate amount of sleep depression

  • Seek emotional support from family and friends

  • Focus on positive aspects of your life

  • Pace yourself, modify your schedule, and set realistic goals


Things to avoid
Things to Avoid depression

  • Don’t make long-term commitments or important decisions unless necessary

  • Don’t assume things are hopeless

  • Don’t engage in “emotional reasoning” (i.e.: because I feel awful, my life is terrible)

  • Don’t assume responsibility for events which are outside of your control

  • Don’t avoid treatment as a way of coping


Intervening with a depressed friend
Intervening with a depressed friend depression

  • Be empathetic and understanding

  • Don’t try to “cheer up” a depressed person

  • Avoid critical or shaming statements

  • Challenge expressions of hopelessness

  • Empathize with feelings of sadness, grief, anger and frustration


Helping a depressed friend… depression

  • Don’t argue about how bad things are

  • Don’t insist that depression or sadness are the wrong feelings to be experiencing

  • Don’t become angry even though your efforts may be resisted or rejected


Helping a depressed friend
Helping a depressed friend… depression

  • Advocate for their recovery from depression

  • Emphasize that depression is treatable

  • Seek consultation

  • Encourage them to seek help, go with them to the counseling center

  • Be supportive of counselor or doctor suggestions


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