Abnormal Psychology
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Abnormal Psychology. Definitions of Abnormal Social Labeling Self Labeling Psychoanalytic Humanistic Legal – Insanity Medical - Disorders. Abnormal Psychology. Causes of Disorders Organic/Biological Behavioral Cognitive Psychodynamic Humanistic. Abnormal Psychology.

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Abnormal Psychology

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Abnormal Psychology

  • Definitions of Abnormal

  • Social Labeling

  • Self Labeling

  • Psychoanalytic

  • Humanistic

  • Legal – Insanity

  • Medical - Disorders


Abnormal Psychology

  • Causes of Disorders

  • Organic/Biological

  • Behavioral

  • Cognitive

  • Psychodynamic

  • Humanistic


Abnormal Psychology

Types of Disorders

Older Terms: Neurosis, Psychosis

DSM-IV-TR = Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition, Text Revision)

gives objective, measurable criteria for diagnosing psychological disorders

Does not suggest therapies or treatments

Does not discuss possible causes


Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety disorders – persistent, excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness that impairs normal functioning

    • includes maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety (e.g., alcohol and drug use)

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Dissociative Disorders

  • Dissociative disorders – Break in conscious awareness, memory, or sense of identity, usually as a result of extreme stress.

    • Psychogenic Amnesia

    • Dissociative Fugue – fleeing home and “coming to” with amnesia for the trip and possible amnesia for personal information.

    • Depersonalization Disorder –the person feels detached and disconnected from themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings.

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Mood Disorders

  • Two Major forms of Mood Disorders

    • Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder

      • characterized by emotional extremes

      • Prolonged, disabling disruptions in emotional state

      • Functioning is almost always severely impaired


Schizophrenia

  • 2 major divisions or categories

    • Chronic

      • Slow developing

      • Usually negative symptoms (absence of appropriate behaviors)

        • Absence of emotion (flat affect)

        • Absence of movement (catatonia)

        • Absence of social interaction (withdrawal)

      • Low recovery rates

    • Acute

      • Sudden onset

      • Usually positive symptoms (presence of inappropriate behaviors)

        • Presence of hallucinations, delusions

      • Better recovery rate


Psychological Therapies/Treatments

Psychoanalysis

Behavioral

Cognitive

Organic (Medical)

Humanistic


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