Abnormal Psychology
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Abnormal Psychology. Definitions of Abnormal Social Labeling Self Labeling Psychoanalytic Humanistic Legal – Insanity Medical - Disorders. Abnormal Psychology. Causes of Disorders Organic/Biological Behavioral Cognitive Psychodynamic Humanistic. Abnormal Psychology.

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Abnormal Psychology

  • Definitions of Abnormal

  • Social Labeling

  • Self Labeling

  • Psychoanalytic

  • Humanistic

  • Legal – Insanity

  • Medical - Disorders


Abnormal Psychology

  • Causes of Disorders

  • Organic/Biological

  • Behavioral

  • Cognitive

  • Psychodynamic

  • Humanistic


Abnormal Psychology

Types of Disorders

Older Terms: Neurosis, Psychosis

DSM-IV-TR = Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th Edition, Text Revision)

gives objective, measurable criteria for diagnosing psychological disorders

Does not suggest therapies or treatments

Does not discuss possible causes


Anxiety disorders
Anxiety Disorders

  • Anxiety disorders – persistent, excessive or unrealistic anxiety and fearfulness that impairs normal functioning

    • includes maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety (e.g., alcohol and drug use)

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Dissociative disorders
Dissociative Disorders

  • Dissociative disorders – Break in conscious awareness, memory, or sense of identity, usually as a result of extreme stress.

    • Psychogenic Amnesia

    • Dissociative Fugue – fleeing home and “coming to” with amnesia for the trip and possible amnesia for personal information.

    • Depersonalization Disorder –the person feels detached and disconnected from themselves, their bodies, and their surroundings.

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Mood disorders
Mood Disorders

  • Two Major forms of Mood Disorders

    • Major Depression and Bipolar Disorder

      • characterized by emotional extremes

      • Prolonged, disabling disruptions in emotional state

      • Functioning is almost always severely impaired


Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia

  • 2 major divisions or categories

    • Chronic

      • Slow developing

      • Usually negative symptoms (absence of appropriate behaviors)

        • Absence of emotion (flat affect)

        • Absence of movement (catatonia)

        • Absence of social interaction (withdrawal)

      • Low recovery rates

    • Acute

      • Sudden onset

      • Usually positive symptoms (presence of inappropriate behaviors)

        • Presence of hallucinations, delusions

      • Better recovery rate


Psychological Therapies/Treatments

Psychoanalysis

Behavioral

Cognitive

Organic (Medical)

Humanistic


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