Selection of the sc constellations in the frameworks of the iacg istp campaign 2
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Selection of the SC Constellations in the Frameworks of the IACG/ISTP Campaign 2. Victoria Prokhorenko and Ravil Nazirov. Space Research Institute (IKI) Russian Academy of Sciences http://iki.cosmos.ru/ Satellite Situation Center (SSC) http://iki.cosmos.ru/vprokhor/ssc.htm.

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Selection of the sc constellations in the frameworks of the iacg istp campaign 2

Selection of the SC Constellations in the Frameworks of the IACG/ISTP Campaign 2

Victoria Prokhorenko and Ravil Nazirov

Space Research Institute (IKI) Russian Academy of Sciences

http://iki.cosmos.ru/

Satellite Situation Center (SSC)

http://iki.cosmos.ru/vprokhor/ssc.htm

reported on April 2000

on IKI Seminar «Mechanics, Control, Informatics»

http://www.iki.rssi.ru/seminar/


Abstract
Abstract IACG/ISTP Campaign 2

2

  • The spacecraft (SC) constellations selection is one of the steps to provide the planning of the simultaneous multi-point measurements in the desirable spatial positions. This report presents the methods developed in IKI for the spacecraft constellations selection in accordance with the various scientific goals and criterion. We consider as an example the application of this method to the goals of the IACG/ISTP Campaign 2


Iacg istp campaign 2 geophysical regions of the interests
IACG/ISTP Campaign 2 IACG/ISTP Campaign 2Geophysical Regions of the Interests

3

  • Magnetospheric boundary layer (BL)

  • Magnetopause (MP);

  • Cusp/cleft (CUSP);


Iacg istp campaign 2 missions and sc considered
IACG/ISTP Campaign 2 IACG/ISTP Campaign 2Missions and SC Considered

4

  • INTERBALL(RKA):

    • Tail probe (IB_TAIL, or IB_1)

    • Auroral probe (IB_AUR)

    • Magion 5 (IB_MAG5)

  • GEOTAIL(NASA/ISAS)

  • POLAR (NASA)


Criteria of the favourable spatial position fsp
Criteria of the Favourable Spatial Position (FSP) IACG/ISTP Campaign 2

5

  • FSP1: The IB_TAIL or GEOTAIL is located in the simulative boundary layerorcusp/cleftregion

  • FSP2: The IB_AUR or IB_MAG5 or POLAR is located in the cusp/cleft, or diurnal (6 h < MLT < 18 h) auroral region(AUR)orpolar cap (CAP) simultaneously with FSP1

  • FSP3: The partof the FSP1 or FSP2 events corresponding to the magnetic conjugations between any couple of the considered SC


Magnetic conjugation criterion
Magnetic Conjugation Criterion IACG/ISTP Campaign 2

6

  • The value of the relative geocentric angular distance between footprints of the magnetic field lines passing through the couple of SC positions is considered

  • The value of the mentioned angular distance less then5is used as a criterion of the magnetic conjugation

  • Tsyganenko 87 (kp = 2) + IGRF 95 magnetic field model is used during magnetic mapping

  • The stop trace altitude 110 km above the Earth surface is used during magnetic mapping


The Following Steps Are Fulfilled During the SC Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection:

7

  • The long-term prediction of the eachSC position, its magneticmapping to the Earth's surface, and the simulated geophysical regions identification in the SC location

  • TheFSP databaseis carried out for each month. The common graphical display of all FSP time-distribution during month is created (See the FSP plot for May 2000 on the next slide as an example)

  • The SC constellationis selected when two ormore SCare taking part simultaneously in the FSP (See the slide # 10 as an example)

  • The magnetic conjugationcommon (MCC)plotis created by the similar wayusingpredicted conjugation of each couple of the SC (See the MCC plot for May 2000 on the slide # 11 as an example)

  • The MCC plot make it possible to select the multi-satellitemagnetic conjugation, when more then 2 SC simultaneously take part in the conjugation


Common plot of the 4 sc fsp time distribution on may 2000 see the comments on the next slide
Common plot of the 4 SC FSP Time-distribution on Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection:May 2000(See the comments on the next slide)

8


Description of the fsp common plot for 4 sc
Description of the FSP Common Plot for Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection: 4 SC

9

  • The time intervalsof the each SC passing trough the FSPare shown on the plot. Date is shown along the x-axis, the UT - along the y-axis

  • The different color is used for each SC specified by theSC namecolorin the head of the plot (The red color - for the first SC, the turquoise - for the second one, and so on)

  • The time-intervals segments concerning the different SC participation in the FSP are shown (by the different color) on the different line(parallel to the y-axis)located in the frameworks of the corresponding day. The first line is used every day for the first SC mentioned in the list (IB_TAIL), the second line - for the second SC (MAG_5), and so on

  • The moments of the orbits cross-sections with the simulated magnetopause are shown by the "diamond" symbol and the cross-sections with the simulated bow shock - by the "cross" symbol


Sc constellation selection on may 2000

10 Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection:

SC Constellation Selection on May 2000


Mcc plot for may 2000 see the comments on the next slide
MCC Plot for Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection:May 2000(See the comments on the next slide)

11


Description of the mcc plot
Description of the MCC Plot Constellation and Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Selection:

12

  • The time intervalsof themagnetic conjugationare shown on the plot. Dateis shown along the x-axis, the UT - along the y-axis

  • The different color is used for each SC specified by theSC namecolorin the head of the plot (the red color - for the first SC, the turquoise - for the second one, and so on)

  • The time-intervals segments concerning the different SC participation in the conjugation are shown (by the different color) on the different line(parallel to the y-axis)located in the frameworks of the corresponding day. The first line is used for the first SC mentioned in the list (IB_TAIL), the second line - for the second SC (MAG_5), and so on

  • Two equal segments in the frameworks of one day show the magnetic conjugation of two SC of the corresponding colours

  • This plot permit to find the cases of the multisatellite magneticconjugation. See as an example the time interval: 21 - 24 UT on 17 May 2000


Multi satellite magnetic conjugation superposed by the selected constellation list on may 2000
Multi-satellite Magnetic Conjugation Superposed by the Selected Constellation List on May 2000

13


Graphical Display of the Orbital Information for Selected SC Constellation on May 17-18, 2000 as an example

14

  • Various symbols mark the SC passing through the simulative geophysical regions. The region designations are shown on the left vertical table

  • The UT (hours) is shown along the x-axis. Range of x-axis corresponds to the time-interval selected

  • Date is shown near the left border of the x-axis

  • Colors and lines (parallel to the x-axis) are specified for each SC

  • The moments of the magnetic conjugation are shown by the colored points located above the region's symbols

  • The polar diagram shows footprints of the SC as a corrected geomagnetic co-ordinates: co-latitude - local time

  • The tabular display of the SC co-ordinates on the considered time-interval is available as well (See the next slide)


Tabular display of the orbital information for selected sc constellation
Tabular Display of the Orbital Information for Selected SC Constellation

15

  • 5 ASCII files are created for each time interval. The colored buttons permit to access the files as follows:

    • The first one contains the moments and co-ordinates of the magnetic conjugation of the IB_1 and another 3 SC

    • The second one shows the conjugation of the IB_MAG5 and another 3 SC

    • The third one shows the conjugation of the POLAR and another 3 SC

    • The forth one shows the conjugations of the GEOTAIL and another 3 SC

    • The fifth file shows the simultaneously co-ordinate of the four SC with 10-min step

  • Push the buttons to download the ASCII files corresponding to the time-interval May 17, 20 UT- May 18, 06 UT as an example

cnj

cnj

cnj

cnj

fsp


The ground based support of the sc constellation
The ground-based support of the SC constellation Constellation

16

  • The next slides show the method of the ground-based support selection, using the SuperDARN radars (SDR) as an example

  • The common plot of the conjugation of SDR area and considered SC is created and superposed by the list of the selected SC constellations

  • The red boxes on the slides show the preferable time intervals for each SDR pair


Magnetic Conjugations of the SC and ConstellationSUPER-DARN radar pair 1 (SASKATOON & KAPUSKASING)Superposed by the Selected Constellation List on May 2000

17


Magnetic Conjugations of the SC and ConstellationSUPER-DARN Radar pair 2 (GOOSE-BAY & STOKKSEYRI)Superposed by the Selected Constellation List on May 2000

18


Magnetic Conjugations of the SC and ConstellationSUPER-DARN radar pair 3 (THYKKVIBAER & HANKASALMI)Superposed by the Selected Constellation List on May 2000

19


Models of the magnetosphere
Models of the Magnetosphere Constellation

20

  • The internal magnetic field - standard IGRF 1950-1995

  • The external magnetic field - Tsyganenko, T87, T89, and T96

  • The magnetopause - Sibeck et al, JGR, 1991, v. 96, p. 5489

  • The bow shock - Fairfield, JGR, 1971, v. 76, p. 6700


The data exchange
The Data Exchange Constellation

21

  • The orbital elements of the INTERBALL determined by the ballistic center of the KIAM (Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics Russian Academy of Sciences) and the orbital elements of the other SC distributed by IACG (Inter-Agency Consultative Group) via INTERNET web site: http://nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov/anon_dir/active/iacg/ELEMENTS/ are used as the initial data for the SC positions calculation

  • IKI has fulfilled the long-term (up to October 2000) prediction of the SC constellation and has distributed it via WWW web site http://iki.cosmos.ru/vprokhor/camp2.htm

  • See as an example the selected list of the SC constellation for May 2000:http://iki.cosmos.ru/vprokhor/camp2/200005/list.htm


Summary
Summary Constellation

22

  • The results of the mentioned analysis are used during the joint interagency investigations planning

  • The list of the SC, criteria of the constellation and the models of the magnetosphere can be extended tacking into consideration new Missions and Campaigns

  • This report was virtually presented on the IKI scientific seminar “Mechanics, Control and Informatics”. See electronic materials in the site: http://iki.cosmos.ru/seminar/e_virtual.htm


Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements Constellation

23

Authors are grateful to Lev Zelenyi and Sergey Savin for the fruitful discussion of the goals and criteria for the SC constellation selection.

This work was supported by the Russian Foundation of the Fundamental Research (Grant 99-07-90147)


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