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Unit 2. Meeting and Greeting. 教学要点. 一、语法重点 : 1. 行为动词的否定形式 ( grammar) 2. 行为动词疑问句的构成及其简略答语 3. 12 小时时间表达法 4. 表示时间的介词 at, for, in 和 from...to 二、语言功能 : 1. 表达问候的方式 (function) 2. 提出请求 3. 表达提议 4. 描述日常作息时间 5. 称呼的使用 三、词汇 : 1. 频度副词 (vocabulary) 2. 动词 have 的用法. Vocabulary.

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Unit 2

Unit 2

Meeting and Greeting


教学要点

  • 一、语法重点: 1. 行为动词的否定形式 (grammar) 2. 行为动词疑问句的构成及其简略答语3. 12小时时间表达法4. 表示时间的介词at, for, in 和 from...to 二、语言功能: 1. 表达问候的方式(function) 2. 提出请求3. 表达提议4. 描述日常作息时间5. 称呼的使用三、词汇: 1. 频度副词(vocabulary) 2. 动词have的用法


Vocabulary
Vocabulary

1. pleased = glad, delighted

e.g. Pleased /glad / delighted to meet you.

2. fly – flew – flown

3. relaxed a. – relax v. 放松 relaxation n.

4. shame = pity

e.g. What a shame / pity!

5. usually adv. – usual a.

6. really adv. – real a. 真正的

e.g. Who really owns this car?

7. sandwich – (pl.) sandwiches


8. finish doing sth.

e.g. I’ve finished reading the novel.

9. by train = by rail

类似的词组还有:by bus, by ship, by plane, by tube, etc. 但是“步行”是: on foot

10. nap n. / v. (– napped – napped)

have / take a nap after lunch

11. reservation n. – reserve v.

make a reservation

12. single room , single ticket

13. sign v. – signature n.

e.g. Please sign your name here.


Session 1
Session 1表达问候的方式

1. Hi! / Hello!

2. Gooding morning/ afternoon/evening!

3. How are you?

-- Fine, thanks. And you?

--Very well, thank you. How about you?

--Pretty good.

--Not bad.

--Just so so.

--Not so well, I am afraid.


4. How are you doing these days?

5. How is everything?

6. How is your father/ mother?

7. How is your work/ study?


行为动词的否定形式

由do not (don‘t), does not (doesn't) + 动词原形构成。

I like bungee jumping.

--I do not (don't) like bungee jumping.

You like swimming.

--You do not (don't) like swimming.

He / She likes listening to music.

--He / She does not (doesn’t) like listening to music.


行为动词疑问句的构成及其简略答语

一般疑问句:Do/Does +主语+动词原形…?

e.g. Do you eat in the canteen at lunchtime?

--Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.

Dose she like flying?

-- Yes, she does. / No, she doesn't.

特殊疑问句:疑问词+ do/does + 主语 +动词原形…?

e.g. Where do you have lunch?

What time does he start work?


Enjoy
表示“喜欢”还可以用enjoy

enjoy 是及物动词,后面一定要有宾语。

1. enjoy oneself 玩得痛快

e.g. I enjoyed myself very much at the party.

2. enjoy的宾语也可以是某项活动、一餐饭等。

e.g. She really enjoysherfood.

I very much enjoyedtheparty.

3. enjoy doing sth.

e.g. I don't enjoy travelling very much.(不能说:*... enjoy to travel ...)


频度副词

常见的频度副词有:never,sometimes,often ,usually,always按频率从小到大,可以这样排列:

never sometimes often usually always

频度副词在句子中有不同的位置。

1. 在 be动词之后:

I'm usually ill on planes.

Are you usually at home on Monday?

He is seldom at home. (他不常在家。)


2. 在实意动词之前:

I usually work on Friday.

I sometimes go to London.

He often goes to school early.

3. 在含有助动词,情态动词的句子中,置于助动词或情态动词之后,实意动词之前。

He doesn't always work on Tuesday.

I don't usually go to work by bus.

You can always find some excuse.


Do you usually get up at 7:00?

--Yes, I usually do.

I know I should take exercise, but I never do.

(注:在答语或补充陈述中单独使用助动词时,频度副词则放在助动词前面。)


At in for

at 用来指一个时间点

习惯上和at搭配的词有:

at breakfast time /lunchtime /dinnertime

at 9 o‘clock

at daybreak 破晓

at noon 中午

at sunset 日落时分

at midnight 半夜

at night 夜里

at Christmas 在圣诞节

at weekend 周末

at present 当前

时间介词at , in, for


in 用来指长于或短于一天的时间段

习惯上和in搭配的有:

in the morning /afternoon /evening

in a week

in March

in 1994

in the past

in the future

in the twenty-first century


I don't like to work __ a Sunday afternoon.

(注:如果morning/afternoon/evening有修饰语,前面的介词常用on.)

My father will be here in a week.

(注:in有时表示“在……以后”)

__ Mondays / __ New Year’s Day

__ the 4th of May

(注:在具体的某一天用on)


介词 for

1.作为( 不带冠词)

She likes meat for dinner.He likes noodles for lunch.They have eggs and milk for breakfast.What did you have for supper?

2. 表示某段时间

I go swimming on Tuesday for two hours.


Session 2 describe a typical working day
Session 2describe a typical working day 描述日常作息时间

  • A.

    1. I always start work at 8 o‘clock.2. I usually have a sandwich in the office.3. I sometimes go the bar on Friday.4. We work from 8 o’clock in the morning to 5 o’clock in the evening.5. We always eat in the canteen. 6. We sometimes go to a bar/a pub/ a fast-food restaurant(快餐店).


7. We usually finish work at about 5:30 or 6:00.8. I never drink coffee at breakfast time.9. I never work at home in the evening.

  • B.1. When (What time) do you start work?When do you have lunch?When do you finish work?2. Where do you eat at lunch time?3. What do you have for lunch?


To have
动词to have

1.动词to have有多种含义,主要含义有以下几种

1). 具有(某种精神素质或生理特点)

I have (got) black hair.

She has a good memory.

2). 拥有 (东西)

I have a car. ---- Do you have a car?

Or: I have got a car. ---- Have you got a car?


3). 吃,喝

He has lunch in the canteen

I have a sandwich for lunch.

4). 有(表示某种关系)

I have two sisters.

Does he have any friends?

5). 患(病):遭受(病痛)

He says he has (got) a headache.


Session 3 12
Session 312小时表达法

1. 英语中表示“几点过几分”,用介词past,但分数必须在半小时(包括半小时)以内:

e.g. five (minutes) past ten

a quarter past nine

half past eight

2. 表示“几点差几分”,用介词to,但分数须在半小时(不包括半小时)以内:

e.g. five (minutes) to six / (a) quarter to eight


(在读以上时刻时,可省去minutes,但是如果分钟数不是5的倍数,如17分,26分时, 在分钟数后加minutes)

e.g. It‘s 17 minutes past ten.

quarter 之前的a也可以省略。

3. 表示"午前"可用a.m.,表示"午后"可用p.m.,表示"在中午"用at noon:

e.g. The train leaves at 7 a.m.

(=The train leaves at 7 in the morning.)


The exam starts at 2 p.m.

(=The exam starts at 2 in the afternoon.)

What's the time? It's 9 p.m.

(=It’s 9 o'clock in the evening)

(下午五点之前用afternoon,五点之后用evening)

I usually take a nap at noon. (我经常在中午睡一会儿午觉。)


Could you do sth please

Could you spell your name, please?

Could you call me at 7 o’clock, please?

Could you tell me your car number, please?

Could you help me repair my bike?

Yes, of course.

Certainly. / Sure. / Ok.

No, sorry. I have no car.

I’d love to, but I am afraid I can’t.

提出请求 Could you do sth….,please?


Would you like sth to do sth

Would you like to have a cup of tea?

Would you like to go to the bar after work?

Would you like a newspaper?

Would you like some more rice?

Yes, please.

Yes, that’s a good idea.

No, thank you. I have one at the office.

No, thanks. I am quite full.

表达提议 Would you like sth./to do sth….?


Exercise for practice
Exercise for practice

I. 把下列句子变成否定句及一般疑问句:

  • Xiaoyan usually feel relaxed on a plane.

  • David is usually ill on boats.

  • I like listening to music in my free time.

Xiaoyan doesn’t usually feel relaxed on a plane.

Does Xiaoyan usually feel relaxed on a plane?

David isn’t usually ill on boats

Is David usually ill on boats?

I don’t like listening to music in my free time.

Do you like listening to music in your free time?


II. 把频度副词加入下列句子中:

  • Xiaoyan starts work at 8 o’clock. (always)

  • Are you at home on Sundays? (usually)

  • He doesn’t work on Tuesday. (always)

  • I am ill on buses. (often)

  • They don’t eat meat at breakfast. (often)

  • She drinks coffee in the morning. (never)


Would you like to have a cup of tea?

Could you sign the register, please?

Has he got any brothers and sisters?

Could you give me the newspaper, please?

Would you like to dance with me?

Yes, he has.

No, thank you.

No, I am sorry.

Yes, of course.

Certainly!

III. 搭配下列句子:


IV. 翻译下列句子:

  • 我父亲通常五点半下班。

  • 我有时午饭吃一个三明治。

  • 她从来不和同事在晚上去酒吧。

  • 他早餐时间总是吃牛奶和面包。

My father usually finishes work at 5:30.

I sometimes have a sandwich for lunch.

She never goes to a bar in the evening with her colleagues.

He always has milk and bread at breakfast time.


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