Introduction to linguistics
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Introduction to Linguistics. Laughter and Language A short intro to linguistics. Nathalie F. Martin. Introduction to Linguistics. LI 2013 Nathalie F. Martin. Linguists Don’t Necessarily Know Many Languages. Linguists do grammar differently. What Didja Ya Say?.

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Introduction to Linguistics

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Introduction to Linguistics

Laughter and Language

A short intro to linguistics

Nathalie F. Martin


Introduction to Linguistics

LI 2013 Nathalie F. Martin


Linguists Don’t Necessarily Know Many Languages


Linguists do grammar differently


What Didja Ya Say?

Linguists Study Language As It Is Spoken


SpokenLanguage:Slang

Linguists have the tools to study slang!


Linguistics Study Communication


This Also Covers Non-verbal communication


Theoretical linguistics

  • Phonetics

  • Phonology

  • Morphology

  • Syntax

  • Semantics

  • Pragmatics

(Language Sounds)

(Language Sounds Interaction)

(Word parts)

(Arrangement of Words in a Sentence)

(Word & sentence Meanings)

(Language in Use)


Phonetics (Language Sounds):Accents


Phonetics (Language Sounds):Pronounciation


Phonology:Analysis of sounds within a language


Morphology (Word Parts):


Syntax:Putting SpeechTogether

Syntax:

Arrangement of words in sentences

(spoken language or written language)


Semantics(Word Meanings):Manywords have more than one meaning


Pragmatics (Language in use)


Pragmatics (Language in use)


Neuro

linguistic

Psycho

linguistic

  • Theoretical Linguistics:

    • Phonetic

    • Phonology

    • Morphology

    • Syntax

    • Lexicology

    • Semantic

Language policies and planning

Socio

linguistic

Dialectology

Ethno

linguistic

Applied Linguistics

Etc.


“What s‘it to me?”

Branches and fields of linguistics:

  • Language acquisition

  • Psycholingusitics

  • Sociolinguistics

    • Differences between social classes, gender, age

  • Language preservation

  • Teaching

  • Translation

    Lexicographer: dictionaries

    Foreign language teacher

    Translator

    Missionary

    Speech therapist

    Actor


Language Acquisition

Once in Church, we asked the children in Sunday School to explain the meaning of complicated « christianees » words.

When asked the meaning of « sinner » many of them replied:

« More Sin »

They applied the rule that is used for adjectives like « big » that becomes « bigger », « fat », that becomes « fatter ». They did not yet realize that « sin » is a noun and they did not understand the meaning of the word.


Psycholinguistics:Language Anomalies


Sociolinguistics:Language differences between Social Classes:


Language Difference Between Different Generations


Language Difference Between Genders


Written or Spoken Language?

Linguisticscanstudy:

Texting and it’seffects on writtenlanguage


Preservation of Native Languages


Translation

Linguists like the ones working for SIL or Wycliff need a good grasp of Linguistic Theory and Practice.


Difficulties in translation


DoubtfulTranslations


Missionary Work

Somewords of caution concerningmissionarywork:


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