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6.1 Polygons

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6.1 Polygons

Geometry

Mrs. Spitz

Spring 2005

- Identify, name, and describe polygons such as the building shapes in Example 2.
- Use the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a quadrilateral.

- pp. 325-327 # 4-46 all
- Definitions
- Postulates/Theorems

SIDE

- Polygon—a plane figure that meets the following conditions:
- It is formed by 3 or more segments called sides, such that no two sides with a common endpoint are collinear.
- Each side intersects exactly two other sides, one at each endpoint.

- Vertex – each endpoint of a side. Plural is vertices. You can name a polygon by listing its vertices consecutively. For instance, PQRST and QPTSR are two correct names for the polygon above.

State whether the figure is a polygon. If it is not, explain why.

Not D – has a side that isn’t a segment – it’s an arc.

Not E– because two of the sides intersect only one other side.

Not F because some of its sides intersect more than two sides/

Figures A, B, and C are polygons.

Convex if no line that contains a side of the polygon contains a point in the interior of the polygon.

Concave or non-convex if a line does contain a side of the polygon containing a point on the interior of the polygon.

See how it doesn’t go on the

Inside-- convex

See how this crosses

a point on the inside?

Concave.

Identify the polygon and state whether it is convex or concave.

CONCAVE

A polygon is EQUILATERAL

If all of its sides are congruent.

A polygon is EQUIANGULAR

if all of its interior angles are congruent.

A polygon is REGULAR if it is

equilateral and equiangular.

CONVEX

Remember: Equiangular & equilateral

Decide whether the following polygons are regular.

Heptagon is equilateral, but not equiangular, so it is NOT a regular polygon.

Pentagon is equilateral and equiangular, so it is a regular polygon.

Equilateral, but not equiangular, so it is NOT a regular polygon.

A diagonal of a polygon is a segment that joins two nonconsecutive vertices. Polygon PQRST has 2 diagonals from point Q, QT and QS

diagonals

Like triangles, quadrilaterals have both interior and exterior angles. If you draw a diagonal in a quadrilateral, you divide it into two triangles, each of which has interior angles with measures that add up to 180°. So you can conclude that the sum of the measures of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 2(180°), or 360°.

The sum of the measures of the interior angles of a quadrilateral is 360°.

m1 + m2 + m3 + m4 = 360°

Find mQ and mR.

Find the value of x. Use the sum of the measures of the interior angles to write an equation involving x. Then, solve the equation. Substitute to find the value of R.

80°

70°

2x°

x°

x°+ 2x° + 70° + 80° = 360°

x°+ 2x° + 70° + 80° = 360°

3x + 150 = 360

3x = 210

x = 70

Sum of the measures of int. s of a quadrilateral is 360°

Combine like terms

Subtract 150 from each side.

Divide each side by 3.

80°

70°

2x°

x°

Find m Q and mR.

mQ = x° = 70°

mR = 2x°= 140°

►So, mQ = 70° and mR = 140°

- Quiz after 6.3 and 6.5.
- Definitions – 20 point assignment due by Friday this week. (5th period – Thursday)
- Postulates– the green boxes—20 point assignment due by Friday this week. (5th period – Thursday)