Latin pronunciation
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Latin Pronunciation. Today You Will Learn:. How to pronounce long and short vowels differently, as well as diphthongs. How to pronounce consonants correctly. How to place accents on different syllables of Latin words. Vowels. Long – Ā as in father ( vīllā , pāx , fās )

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Latin Pronunciation

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Latin pronunciation

Latin Pronunciation


Today you will learn

Today You Will Learn:

  • How to pronounce long and short vowels differently, as well as diphthongs.

  • How to pronounce consonants correctly.

  • How to place accents on different syllables of Latin words.


Vowels

Vowels

  • Long – Ā as in father (vīllā, pāx, fās)

  • Short – A as in idea (ad, dat, amat, casa)

  • Long – Ēas in they(dē, rēs, rēx, sēdēs)

  • Short – Eas in pet(ex, et, sed, bene)


Vowels1

Vowels

  • Long – Ī as in machine (sī, quī, hīc, vīdī)

  • Short – I as in pin (in, quis, dissimilis)

  • Long –Ōas in clover(dō, nōn, mōrēs, ōs)

  • Short – Oas in dot(ob, mox, quot, quod)


Vowels2

Vowels

  • Long – Ū as in rude (tū, plūs, dūcō, rūs)

  • Short – U as in put (sub, ut, dum, tuus)


Diphthongs

Diphthongs

  • A diphthong is a combination of two vowels

  • Each vowel is given their own syllable in every word – except for these 5 combinations.


Diphthongs1

Diphthongs

  • AE as AI in aisle(prae, laetae, saepe, aetās)

  • AU as OU in couch(aut, aurum, laudō, audiō)

  • EI as EI in reign(deinde)

  • EU as E+U(ay-oo)(heu, seu, Eurōpa)

  • OE as OI in oil(poena, proelium, moenia)


Consonants

Consonants

  • bs/bt as ps/pt (urbs, obtineo)

  • c as in can (campus, cīvis, Caesar)

  • ch as ckh(chorus, pulchra, schola)

  • g as in get(gloria, gens, gesta)


Consonants1

Consonants

  • gu (+ vowel) as gwa (lingua, anguis)

  • i (+ vowel) as in yes (iam, ius, iubeō, maior)

  • ph as in up-hill(amphora, amphitheatrum)

  • qu as kwa(quid, quoque)


Consonants2

Consonants

  • s as in sit (silva, rosa, summās)

  • su (+ vowel) as sw (suus, persuādeō)

  • t as in tired(tum, tempus, timeō)

  • th as in hothouse(Athena, thermae)


Consonants3

Consonants

  • vas w (via, vivō, videō)

  • x as ks (vōx, rex, dextra)


Syllables dividing words

Syllables – Dividing Words

  • Two vowels or a vowel and a diphthong are separated.

  • Example: dea de – adeae  de – ae

  • Practice: iubeō

    aedificium

    duodeviginti


Syllables dividing words1

Syllables – Dividing Words

  • A single consonant between two vowels goes with the second vowel.

  • Example: amīcus a – mi – cusspiritus  spi – ri – tus

  • Practice: dominus

    fuga

    nātūra

    agricola


Syllables dividing words2

Syllables – Dividing Words

  • When two or more consonants stand between two vowels, the last consonant goes with the second vowel.

  • Example: mittō mit – tōservāre  ser – vā – re

  • Practice: annus

    bellum

    templō

    frātribus

    appropinquō


Syllables accent or stress

Syllables – Accent or Stress

  • In a word of two syllables, the accent always falls on the first syllable.

  • Example: fa’ maser’ vōsae’ peni’ hil


Syllables accent or stress1

Syllables – Accent or Stress

  • In a word of three or more syllables, the accent falls on the second to last syllable if it is long. This is called the penult.

  • Example: serva’ refor tu’ na

  • Otherwise, the accent falls on the third to last syllable, which is called the antepenult.

  • Example: mo’ ne ōpa’ tri ape cu’ ni a


Syllables long or short

Syllables – Long or Short

  • Long by Nature: Syllables are long if it contains a long vowel or a diphthong.

  • Long by Position: If a short vowel is followed by two or more consonants or an x.

  • Short: If a short vowel is followed by another vowel or a single consonant.


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