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Latin Pronunciation. Today You Will Learn:. How to pronounce long and short vowels differently, as well as diphthongs. How to pronounce consonants correctly. How to place accents on different syllables of Latin words. Vowels. Long – Ā as in father ( vīllā , pāx , fās )

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today you will learn
Today You Will Learn:
  • How to pronounce long and short vowels differently, as well as diphthongs.
  • How to pronounce consonants correctly.
  • How to place accents on different syllables of Latin words.
vowels
Vowels
  • Long – Ā as in father (vīllā, pāx, fās)
  • Short – A as in idea (ad, dat, amat, casa)
  • Long – Ēas in they(dē, rēs, rēx, sēdēs)
  • Short – Eas in pet(ex, et, sed, bene)
vowels1
Vowels
  • Long – Ī as in machine (sī, quī, hīc, vīdī)
  • Short – I as in pin (in, quis, dissimilis)
  • Long –Ōas in clover(dō, nōn, mōrēs, ōs)
  • Short – Oas in dot(ob, mox, quot, quod)
vowels2
Vowels
  • Long – Ū as in rude (tū, plūs, dūcō, rūs)
  • Short – U as in put (sub, ut, dum, tuus)
diphthongs
Diphthongs
  • A diphthong is a combination of two vowels
  • Each vowel is given their own syllable in every word – except for these 5 combinations.
diphthongs1
Diphthongs
  • AE as AI in aisle (prae, laetae, saepe, aetās)
  • AU as OU in couch (aut, aurum, laudō, audiō)
  • EI as EI in reign (deinde)
  • EU as E+U(ay-oo) (heu, seu, Eurōpa)
  • OE as OI in oil (poena, proelium, moenia)
consonants
Consonants
  • bs/bt as ps/pt (urbs, obtineo)
  • c as in can (campus, cīvis, Caesar)
  • ch as ckh (chorus, pulchra, schola)
  • g as in get (gloria, gens, gesta)
consonants1
Consonants
  • gu (+ vowel) as gwa (lingua, anguis)
  • i (+ vowel) as in yes (iam, ius, iubeō, maior)
  • ph as in up-hill (amphora, amphitheatrum)
  • qu as kwa (quid, quoque)
consonants2
Consonants
  • s as in sit (silva, rosa, summās)
  • su (+ vowel) as sw (suus, persuādeō)
  • t as in tired (tum, tempus, timeō)
  • th as in hothouse(Athena, thermae)
consonants3
Consonants
  • vas w (via, vivō, videō)
  • x as ks (vōx, rex, dextra)
syllables dividing words
Syllables – Dividing Words
  • Two vowels or a vowel and a diphthong are separated.
  • Example: dea de – a deae  de – ae
  • Practice: iubeō

aedificium

duodeviginti

syllables dividing words1
Syllables – Dividing Words
  • A single consonant between two vowels goes with the second vowel.
  • Example: amīcus a – mi – cusspiritus  spi – ri – tus
  • Practice: dominus

fuga

nātūra

agricola

syllables dividing words2
Syllables – Dividing Words
  • When two or more consonants stand between two vowels, the last consonant goes with the second vowel.
  • Example: mittō mit – tōservāre  ser – vā – re
  • Practice: annus

bellum

templō

frātribus

appropinquō

syllables accent or stress
Syllables – Accent or Stress
  • In a word of two syllables, the accent always falls on the first syllable.
  • Example: fa’ ma ser’ vōsae’ peni’ hil
syllables accent or stress1
Syllables – Accent or Stress
  • In a word of three or more syllables, the accent falls on the second to last syllable if it is long. This is called the penult.
  • Example: serva’ re for tu’ na
  • Otherwise, the accent falls on the third to last syllable, which is called the antepenult.
  • Example: mo’ ne ō pa’ tri a pe cu’ ni a
syllables long or short
Syllables – Long or Short
  • Long by Nature: Syllables are long if it contains a long vowel or a diphthong.
  • Long by Position: If a short vowel is followed by two or more consonants or an x.
  • Short: If a short vowel is followed by another vowel or a single consonant.
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