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Mexico and the United States. Comparing the Three Branches Joe Johnson Tommy Thompson Sally Sanders. The Legislative Branch by Joe Johnson. Similarities - Structure. Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies Two Senators represent each state

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mexico and the united states

Mexico and the United States

Comparing the Three Branches

Joe Johnson

Tommy Thompson

Sally Sanders

similarities structure
Similarities - Structure
  • Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies
  • Two Senators represent each state
  • Equal representation + proportional representation
similarities powers
Similarities - Powers
  • Pass laws, impose taxes, declare war
  • Approve treaties and confirm presidential appointments (Senate)
  • Committees study and recommend bills
other similarities
Other Similarities
  • Chamber of Deputies = House of Representatives – initiates all budget matters
  • Has the power to impeach and remove the President
differences terms of office
Differences – Terms of Office


Senate = 6 year terms/House = 2 year term

No term limits

Senate = 6 years/Chamber of Deputies = 3 years

May not serve consecutive terms

United States

differences representation
Differences - Representation


Senate = equal representation

House = proportional representation

Both Houses have a mix of equal and proportional representation

United States

differences legislation
Differences – Legislation


Most legislation introduced by Congress

Up to 90% of legislation proposed by the President

United States

similarities duties
Similarities – Duties
  • Serves as both Chief of State and Head of Government
  • Appoints cabinet members and federal judges
similarities powers1
Similarities - Powers
  • Meets with leaders of other nations
  • Makes treaties and handles foreign policy
similarities qualifications
Similarities – Qualifications
  • Must be a native born citizen
  • Must be at least 35 years old
differences terms of office1
Differences – Terms of Office


Serves a 4 year term of office

May be elected to two terms

Serves one 6 year term

May not be re-elected

United States

differences election and succession
Differences – Election and Succession


Elected by the Electoral Vote (must have majority)

Succeeded by a Vice-President

Elected by a Popular Vote (no majority is necessary)

No Vice-President (Congress chooses and interim President)

United States

differences powers and party
Differences – Powers and Party


Less influence over Congress and state governors

Two-party system = Democrats & Republicans

A great deal of influence over Congress and state governors

One dominant political party = PRI

United States

similarities structure1
Similarities – Structure
  • One Supreme Court
  • Several different levels of courts
similarities nomination and term of office
Similarities – Nomination and Term of Office
  • Justices nominated by the President and approved by the Senate
  • Serve for life
similarities judicial system
Similarities – Judicial System
  • Different levels include district courts and circuit courts
  • Justices can be impeached
differences number of justices
Differences – Number of Justices


Nine justices make up the Supreme Court

Supreme Court of Justice includes 21 ministers or judges

United States

differences requirements
Differences – Requirements


No specific requirements to be a Supreme Court Justice

Must be citizens by birth, thirty-five to sixty-fiver years old, and hold a law degree

United States

differences judicial system
Differences – Judicial System


Supreme Court

Courts of Appeals

District Courts

Supreme Court of Justice

Collegiate Circuit Courts

Unitary Circuit Courts

District Courts

United States

  • CIA World Factbook:
  • Library of Congress Country Studies:
  • At least one other source: