Mexico and the united states
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Mexico and the United States. Comparing the Three Branches Joe Johnson Tommy Thompson Sally Sanders. The Legislative Branch by Joe Johnson. Similarities - Structure. Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies Two Senators represent each state

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Mexico and the United States

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Mexico and the United States

Comparing the Three Branches

Joe Johnson

Tommy Thompson

Sally Sanders


The Legislative BranchbyJoe Johnson


Similarities - Structure

  • Bicameral Legislatures – Senate and Chamber of Deputies

  • Two Senators represent each state

  • Equal representation + proportional representation


Similarities - Powers

  • Pass laws, impose taxes, declare war

  • Approve treaties and confirm presidential appointments (Senate)

  • Committees study and recommend bills


Other Similarities

  • Chamber of Deputies = House of Representatives – initiates all budget matters

  • Has the power to impeach and remove the President


Differences – Terms of Office

Mexico

Senate = 6 year terms/House = 2 year term

No term limits

Senate = 6 years/Chamber of Deputies = 3 years

May not serve consecutive terms

United States


Differences - Representation

Mexico

Senate = equal representation

House = proportional representation

Both Houses have a mix of equal and proportional representation

United States


Differences – Legislation

Mexico

Most legislation introduced by Congress

Up to 90% of legislation proposed by the President

United States


The Executive BranchbyTommy Thompson


Similarities – Duties

  • Serves as both Chief of State and Head of Government

  • Appoints cabinet members and federal judges


Similarities - Powers

  • Meets with leaders of other nations

  • Makes treaties and handles foreign policy


Similarities – Qualifications

  • Must be a native born citizen

  • Must be at least 35 years old


Differences – Terms of Office

Mexico

Serves a 4 year term of office

May be elected to two terms

Serves one 6 year term

May not be re-elected

United States


Differences – Election and Succession

Mexico

Elected by the Electoral Vote (must have majority)

Succeeded by a Vice-President

Elected by a Popular Vote (no majority is necessary)

No Vice-President (Congress chooses and interim President)

United States


Differences – Powers and Party

Mexico

Less influence over Congress and state governors

Two-party system = Democrats & Republicans

A great deal of influence over Congress and state governors

One dominant political party = PRI

United States


The Judicial BranchbySally Sanders


Similarities – Structure

  • One Supreme Court

  • Several different levels of courts


Similarities – Nomination and Term of Office

  • Justices nominated by the President and approved by the Senate

  • Serve for life


Similarities – Judicial System

  • Different levels include district courts and circuit courts

  • Justices can be impeached


Differences – Number of Justices

Mexico

Nine justices make up the Supreme Court

Supreme Court of Justice includes 21 ministers or judges

United States


Differences – Requirements

Mexico

No specific requirements to be a Supreme Court Justice

Must be citizens by birth, thirty-five to sixty-fiver years old, and hold a law degree

United States


Differences – Judicial System

Mexico

Supreme Court

Courts of Appeals

District Courts

Supreme Court of Justice

Collegiate Circuit Courts

Unitary Circuit Courts

District Courts

United States


Sources:

  • CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mx.html

  • Library of Congress Country Studies: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/mxtoc.html

  • At least one other source:


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