gace ece study session
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
GACE ECE Study Session

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 53

GACE ECE Study Session - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 975 Views
  • Uploaded on

GACE ECE Study Session. Reading Content Review Presented by Krystal Shaw. Contact Information. Third Grade Teacher Mt. Zion Elementary [email protected] School 116 on county Global Address List. Preview of Study Session Setup. Four Saturdays, 9:00-3:00 Half day of content review

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'GACE ECE Study Session' - eleanor


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
gace ece study session

GACE ECE Study Session

Reading Content Review

Presented by Krystal Shaw

contact information
Contact Information
  • Third Grade Teacher
  • Mt. Zion Elementary
  • [email protected]
  • School 116 on county Global Address List
preview of study session setup
Preview of Study Session Setup
  • Four Saturdays, 9:00-3:00
  • Half day of content review
  • Half day of test practice and test-taking strategies
  • Saturday, Jan. 20: Reading
  • Saturday, Jan. 27: Social Studies
  • Saturday, Feb. 3: Math
  • Saturday, Feb. 10: Science
slide4

Preview of GACE Test Setup

  • Test One (001): Reading/LA/Social Studies
    • Objectives 0001-0008
      • Reading/Language Arts
        • 40 Multiple Choice, 1 Written Response
    • Objectives 0009-0012
      • Social Studies
        • 20 Multiple Choice, 1 Written Response
    • Totals:
      • 60 Multiple Choice
      • 2 Written Response
preview of gace test setup
Preview of GACE Test Setup
  • Test One (002):Math, Science, Health, PE, Arts
    • Objectives 0013-0017
      • Math
        • 25 Multiple Choice, 1 Written Response
    • Objectives 0018-0021
      • Science
        • 20 Multiple Choice, 1 Written Response
    • Objectives 0022-0024
      • Health, PE, and the Arts
        • 15 Multiple Choice
    • Totals:
      • 60 Multiple Choice
      • 2 Written Response
gace setup
GACE Setup
  • Standards
    • Subareas
      • Reading/Language Arts
      • Social Studies
      • Math
      • Science
      • Health, PE, and the Arts
  • Website: http://www.gace.nesinc.com
    • Click on About the GACE
    • Click on Preparing for the Tests
    • Click on Preparation Materials
    • Click on Early Childhood Education
    • Scroll down and print off Early Childhood Education Preparation Guide
curriculum
Curriculum
  • Know the Georgia Performance Standards
  • 5 Components of Reading
  • 4 Learning Theories of Literacy Development
  • 4 Cueing Systems
  • “Balanced Literacy Program”
know the standards gps
Know the Standards (GPS)
  • Georgia Performance Standards Website
    • www.georgiastandards.org
  • Know the English and Language Arts standards for K-5
5 components of reading
5 Components of Reading
  • Phonemic Awareness
    • Matching sounds to words
    • Isolating sounds in words
    • Blending individual sounds to form a word
    • Substituting sounds in a word
    • Segmenting words into its constituent sounds

(Tompkins, 2003:

Literacy for the 21st Century)

5 components of reading10
5 Components of Reading
  • Phonics
    • Relationships between the sounds in speech and the spelling patterns of the written language
    • Progression:
      • Letters of Alphabet, Consonants, Vowels, Blending Words, Rimes and Rhymes, Generalizations

(Tompkins, 2003)

5 components of reading11
5 Components of Reading
  • Vocabulary
    • Incidental word learning
    • Context clues
    • Knowledge of word and meaning
5 components of reading12
5 Components of Reading
  • Comprehension
    • Understanding and gaining meaning from text
    • Develop background knowledge
    • Shared reading, guided reading, read aloud, independent reading
    • Responding to text
    • Retelling and Rereading
    • Applying to deepen understanding
5 components of reading13
5 Components of Reading
  • Fluency
    • Accuracy
      • 95% correct shows independent level
      • 90% correct shows instructional level
      • Less than 90% correct shows frustrational level
    • Speed
    • Expression/Intonation
four learning theories
Four Learning Theories
  • Constructivist
    • Jean Piaget
    • Active Learning
    • New information related to prior knowledge
    • Organize new information into scheme
      • Closet Metaphor

(Tompkins, 2003)

four learning theories15
Four Learning Theories
  • Interactive
    • Use both prior knowledge and features of text
    • Use word-identification skills and comprehensions strategies to understand
    • Fluent readers want to make meaning

(Tompkins, 2003)

four learning theories16
Four Learning Theories
  • Sociolinguistic
    • Vygotsky
    • Thoughts and language are interrelated
    • Learning is social
    • Adults scaffold learners (support)
    • Instruction planned based on zone of proximal development

(Tompkins, 2003)

four learning theories17
Four Learning Theories
  • Reader Response
    • Rosenblatt
    • Create meaning as you read
    • Students vary reading styles according to purpose of reading
    • Goal is to become lifelong learners

(Tompkins, 2003)

four cueing systems
Four Cueing Systems
  • Phonological
    • Using sounds of letters to pronounce and read words
  • Syntactic
    • Using knowledge of grammar and structure
  • Semantic
    • Using meaning and vocabulary
  • Pragmatic
    • Using social/cultural dialects
balanced reading program
Balanced Reading Program
  • Whole Language
    • Based on learning through literature
    • Does not teach phonics explicitly, but through literature experiences
  • Phonics
    • Based on isolated instruction using only phonics
    • Drill and practice outside of literature
balanced reading program20
Balanced Reading Program
  • Balanced programs involve aspects of both whole language and phonics
  • Whole-part-whole
    • Whole: Start with a piece of literature
    • Part: Use text to teach mini-lesson on phonics concept
    • Whole: Return to text for application of concept, Use additional texts for practice
instruction
Instruction
  • Four Instructional Approaches
  • Instructional Model
  • Reading Process
  • Writing Process
  • Instruction for 5 Components
  • Writer’s Workshop
  • Content Area Links
four instructional approaches
Four Instructional Approaches
  • Literature Focus Units
    • Teacher/students read one text and respond
    • Teacher chooses texts
    • Students explore through projects
  • Literature Circles
    • Teachers chooses 5-6 texts
    • Students choose books to read in groups
    • Students discuss/respond to text within groups
four instructional approaches23
Four Instructional Approaches
  • Reading and Writing Workshop
    • Students choose books, read and respond individually
    • Teacher monitors through conferences
    • Students share books with class
  • Basal Reading Programs
    • Teacher uses anthology/basal reader as base for reading program
    • Guided reading is used to scaffold students
reading process
Reading Process
  • Step 1: Prereading
    • Activating background knowledge (prepare schema)
      • Graphic organizers, anticipation guides, picture walk
    • Set Purpose
    • Make Predictions
    • Preview text
slide26

Reading Process

  • Step 2: Reading
    • Apply skills and strategies
    • Read independently, with partners, shared reading, listen
    • Read entire text or parts
    • Take notes
reading process27
Reading Process
  • Step 3: Responding
    • Readers respond to text and continue to negotiate meaning
    • Learning logs
    • Reading response journals
    • Grand conversations
reading process28
Reading Process
  • Step 4: Exploring
    • Revisit text to explore more in depth
    • Rereading and making connections
    • Learning new vocabulary
    • Participating in minilessons
reading process29
Reading Process
  • Step 5: Applying
    • Extending comprehension, reflecting on meaning, and valuing experience
    • Projects
    • Connect to other related books
    • Reflect on reading and learning
writing process
Writing Process
  • Step 1: Prewriting
    • Getting ready to write
    • Choosing topic and style
    • Brainstorming ideas
    • Completing a graphic organizer
    • Rehearse story ideas
writing process31
Writing Process
  • Step 2: Drafting
    • Using organizers/ideas to create a rough draft
    • Focus on content rather than mechanics
    • “Sloppy copy”
writing process32
Writing Process
  • Step 3: Revising
    • “Making it better”
    • Rereading draft or reading to a partner
    • Participate in discussions about strengths and weaknesses
    • Change draft based on reflections and reactions to the text
    • Focus on changes to content
writing process33
Writing Process
  • Step 4: Editing
    • “Making it look pretty”
    • Proofreading
    • Correct GUMS (Grammar, Usage, Mechanics, Spelling)
writing process34
Writing Process
  • Step 5: Publishing
    • Final copy
    • Share with others
    • Put in class book
    • Read for an audience
instruction for 5 components
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Phonemic Awareness
    • ABC books
    • Rhymes
    • Songs (Old MacDonald)
    • Blending Activities (/m/ /o/ /p/ = mop)
    • Segmenting activities (mop = /m/ /o/ /p/)
    • Sound Matching Activities
      • Elkonin Boxes: 1 box for each sound (NOT letter)
      • Child moves marker to mark sounds as they hear them
instruction for 5 components36
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Phonics
    • Explicit instruction
    • Teachable moments
    • Making Words
    • Word sorts based on spelling patterns
    • Letter cards
instruction for 5 components37
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Vocabulary
    • Teach context clues
    • Word concept maps
    • Frayer diagrams
    • Teach multiple meanings and mark differences on word wall
    • Teach prefixes, suffixes, and morphemes to determine meaning
instruction for 5 components38
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Comprehension
    • Graphic Organizers
    • Learning logs
    • Reading response journals
    • Strategy Instruction
      • Predicting
      • Monitor/Clarify
      • Evaluate
      • Summarize
instruction for 5 components39
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Comprehension
    • Skills Instruction
      • Cause/effect
      • Main idea/details
      • Inference
      • Problem/Solution
      • Compare/Contrast
instruction for 5 components40
Instruction for 5 Components
  • Fluency
    • Reread!!! (as much as possible)
    • Timed readings
    • Reader’s theatre
    • Modeling through read aloud
    • Choral reading
    • Sight words
    • Phrasing/marking text
writer s workshop
Writer’s Workshop
  • Way to implement the writing process
  • Students choose their own topics (or can be guided to choose a topic)
  • Focus is on creating and sharing writing
  • Teacher serves as facilitator
  • Students write independently and hold scheduled writing conferences with teacher to discuss writing strengths/needs
writer s workshop42
Writer’s Workshop
  • Component 1: Writing
    • Students go through 5 steps of writing process
    • Teacher meets with students to conference
  • Component 2: Sharing
    • Students share writing
    • “Author\'s chair”
writer s workshop43
Writer’s Workshop
  • Component 3: Teaching Minilessons
    • Teacher gives short focused lessons on writing procedures, qualities, strategies, and skills

(Not necessarily done in this order!)

content area links
Content Area Links
  • Informational Text
  • Integrate stories and poetry
  • Read and write to learn (versus learning to read and write)
    • Learning logs
    • Journals
    • Quickwrites
    • Graphic organizers
    • Reports/projects
assessment
Assessment
  • Formal vs. Informal Assessment
  • Writing Assessments
  • Standardized Tests
  • Assessment Results
formal vs informal assessments
Formal vs. Informal Assessments
  • Formal
    • The “paper and pencil” assessments
      • Tests (multiple choice, essay, standardized tests)
      • Quizzes
      • Classwork
      • Rubrics
      • Reports
formal vs informal assessments47
Formal vs. Informal Assessments
  • Informal
    • Less paper/pencils
    • Ticket Out the Door
    • Checklist
    • Anecdotal notes
    • Questioning
    • Informal Reading Inventory (IRI)
    • Miscue Analysis
formal vs informal assessments48
Formal vs. Informal Assessments
  • Cloze procedure
  • Running records (ORF)
  • Conferences
  • Retellings
  • Portfolios (show progress over time)
  • Journals

The goal is to have a BALANCE of assessments!

writing assessments
Writing Assessments
  • Writing is assessed in developmental stages
  • Georgia’s Writing Assessment
    • http://public.doe.k12.ga.us/ci_testing.aspx?PageReq=CI_TESTING_WA
standardized tests
Standardized Tests
  • Meant to provide assessment in a standardized manner
  • Norm-referenced
    • Test compares student’s performance with the performance of a group of people who have already taken the test (the “norming” group
    • Gives percentile rankings
    • ITBS
standardized tests51
Standardized Tests
  • Criterion-referenced tests
    • Student scores come from what the student knows in reference to a certain set of criteria or curriculum
    • Does NOT compare student scores
    • CRCT
assessment results
Assessment Results
  • Assessment results should drive instruction
  • Decisions on whether to continue or reteach should come from assessment results
  • Reteaching and extending should be given as needed
ad