Top-Down Design & JSP
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Top-Down Design & JSP. Skill Area Part D. Materials Prepared by Dhimas Ruswanto , BMm. Lecture Overview. Top-Down Design Modular Development JSP Program Documentation. Top-down design. It is easier to solve small problems than it is to solve big ones. It’s hard to solve big problems.

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Top-Down Design & JSP

Skill Area Part D

Materials Prepared by DhimasRuswanto, BMm


Lecture Overview

  • Top-Down Design

  • Modular Development

  • JSP

  • Program Documentation


Top-down design


It is easier to solve small problems than it is to solve big ones

It’s hard to solve big problems

Big Problems

Computer programmers use a divide and conquer approach to problem solving:

  • a problem is broken into parts

  • those parts are solved individually

  • the smaller solutions are assembled into a big solution

These techniques are known as top-down designand modular development.


Top-down design is the process of designing a solution to a problem by systematically breaking a problem into smaller, more manageable parts.

Top-down Design


Top-down Design

First, start with a clear statement of the problem or concept – a single big idea.


Top-down Design

Next, break it down into several parts.


Top-down Design

Next, break it down into several parts.

If any of those parts can be further broken down, then the process continues…


Top-down Design

Next, break it down into several parts.

If any of those parts can be further broken down, then the process continues…

…and so on


Top-down Design

The final design might look something like this organizational chart, showing the overall structure of separate units that form a single complex entity.


Top-down Design

An organizational chart is like an upside down tree, with nodes representing each process.


Top-down Design

An organizational chart is like an upside down tree, with nodes representing each process.

The leafnodesare those at the end of each branch of the tree.


Top-down Design

The leaf nodes represent modules that need to be developed and then recombined to create the overall solution tothe original problem.

Top-down design leads to modulardevelopment.


Modular Development

Modular development is the process of developing software modules individually…


Modular Development

Modular development is the process of developing software modules individually…

…then combining the modules to form a solution to an overall problem.


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

  • Modular development of computer software:

  • makes a large project more manageable

  • is faster for large projects

  • leads to a higher quality product

  • makes it easier to find and correct errors

  • increases the reusability of solutions


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

… makes a large project more manageable.

Smaller and less complex tasks are easier to understand than larger ones and are less demanding of resources.


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

… is faster for large projects.

Different people can work on different modules, and then put their work together. This means that different modules can be developed at the same time, which speeds up the overall project.


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

…leads to a higher quality product.

Programmers with knowledge and skills in a specific area, such as graphics, accounting, or data communications, can be assigned to the parts of the project that require those skills.


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

  • …makes it easier to find and correct errors.

    Often, the hardest part of correcting an error in computer software is finding out exactly what is causing the error. Modular development makes it easier to isolate the part of the software that is causing trouble.


Modular DevelopmentAdvantages

… increases the reusability of solutions.

Solutions to smaller problems are more likely to be useful elsewhere than solutions to bigger problems.

They are more likely to be reusable code.


Jackson Structured Programming


Jackson Structure Diagram

  • Another Top-down design leads is Jackson Structure Diagram

  • The Jackson Structure Diagram is a notation used in JSP (Jackson Structured Programming),


  • JSP was developed in the 1970’s by Michael Jackson.

  • A JSP is used to explain the inner workings of a program.

  • There are three types of “box” notations used to represent the workings of a program:

Jackson Structured Programming


JSP Sequence


JSP Sequence (Examples)


JSP Selection


JSP Selection (Examples)


JSP Selection (Examples)


JSP Iteration


JSP Iteration (Examples)


Program Documentation


  • Why is program documentation important?

  • To describe the design of you program.

  • To tell other programmers what the program does and how it works

  • Can help programmer who is making the modifications understand another programmer’s code

Program Documentation


  • For an individual module:

  • Who has written the module

  • When the module was written or modified

  • Why the module was written or modified

  • How the module interacts with other modules

  • What special algorithms were used

  • Acknowledge outside sources for ideas and algorithms

Essential Elements of Program Documentation


  • For data structures:

  • What data structure is used

  • Why a particular structure was used

  • What data is contained in the structure

  • How the data structure is implemented

Essential Elements of Program Documentation


  • Top-down design is the process of designing a solution to a problem by systematically breaking a problem into smaller, more manageable parts.

  • Modular development is the process of developing software modules individually then combining the modules to form a solution to an overall problem.

  • A JSP is used to explain the inner workings of a program.

  • Why is program documentation important?

    • To describe the design of you program.

    • To tell other programmers what the program does and how it works

    • Can help programmer who is making the modifications understand another programmer’s code

SUMMARY


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