Ap world history chapter 6
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AP World History Chapter 6. The First Global Civilization The Rise and Spread of Islam. Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World. Bedouins Camel herding Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries, and the Cycle of Vengeance Grouped into tribes Shayks, Elder or Leader of Clan. Free warriors

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AP World History Chapter 6

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Ap world history chapter 6

AP World History Chapter 6

The First Global Civilization

The Rise and Spread of Islam


Desert and town the pre islamic arabian world

Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World

  • Bedouins

    • Camel herding

  • Clan Identity, Clan Rivalries, and the Cycle of Vengeance

    • Grouped into tribes

    • Shayks, Elder or Leader of Clan.

    • Free warriors

    • Rivalry

  • Towns and Long-Distance Trade

    • Entrepot, stop off site to sell goods that will then be taken somewhere else for trade.

  • Mecca

    • Umayyad clan, clan from Mecca that led after Muhammad's death.

    • Quraysh tribe, controlled Mecca when Muhammad appeared they fought for control of the city.

    • Ka’ba

  • Medina


Desert and town the pre islamic arabian world1

Desert and Town: The Pre-Islamic Arabian World

  • Marriage and Family in Pre-Islamic Arabia

    • Women have important roles

    • Polygyny

  • Poet and Neglected Gods

    • Animism, polytheism

    • Allah creator-god, possibly the supreme deity.

    • Allah Arabic for God today.


The life of muhammad and the genesis of islam

The Life of Muhammad and the Genesis of Islam

  • Banu Hasim clan

  • Orphaned

  • Mecca

    • Holy Merchant City.

    • Housed the Polytheistic Gods of the Bedouins.

  • Khadija

    • Wife and Merchant

  • Revelations, 610

    • via Gabriel


Islam third of the abrahamic faiths

Islam Third of the Abrahamic Faiths

  • Persecution, Flight, and Victory

    • Ka’ba gods threatened

    • Invited to Medina, 622

    • Hijra, Calendar year 1

    • Return to Mecca, 629

  • Arabs and Islam

    • Ummah, community of Islam

  • 5 Pillars in Islam

    • Acceptance of Islam

    • Prayer

    • Fasting during Ramadan

    • Payment of zakat

    • Hajj

Islam is ...Islam is a monotheistic religion begun by Muhammad around 600 CE in Arabia. The word means “surrender”...to the will of god. Islam united Arab tribes, and was the basis for an empire from Spain to India.


Weaknesses of the adversary empires

Weaknesses of the Adversary Empires

The Arab Empire of the Umayyads

  • Death, 632

  • Succession struggle

    A.Consolidation and Division in the Islamic Community

  • Abu Bakr

  • Ridda Wars

    B. Motives for Arab Conquest

  • Conversion

  • Booty

    C. Weaknesses of the Adversary Empires

  • Sassanian Empire

  • Zoroastrianism

  • Dynasty ended, 651

  • Byzantium


The arab empire of the umayyads

The Arab Empire of the Umayyads

D. The Problem of Succession and the Sunni-Shi’a Split

  • Uthman

  • 3rd caliph

  • Murdered

    Ali

  • Rejected by Umayyads

  • Siffin, 657

  • Loses suppor

  • Assassinated, 661

  • Son, Hasan, renounces caliphate

  • Son, Husayn

  • Killed, Karbala, 680

    Sunni – Umayyads

    Shi’a – Ali’s descendants

    Mu’awiya

    Caliph, 660


The arab empire of the umayyads1

The Arab Empire of the Umayyads

E. The Umayyad Imperium

  • Push west

  • Stopped at Poitiers, 732

  • Retain Iberia

    F. Converts and “People of the Book”

  • Malawi, converts

  • Dhimmi, people of the book

  • Jews, Christians

  • Later, Zoroastrians and Hindus

    G. Family and Gender Roles in the Umayyad AgeIslamic ideas prevail at first

    H. Umayyad Decline and Fall

  • Revolts

  • Merv

  • Abassid revolt

  • 750, Umayyads defeated by Abassids


The abassid era

The Abassid Era

From Arab to Islamic Empire: The Early Abassid Era

  • Sunni rule

  • repress Shi’a

    Baghdad

  • New capital

    A. Islamic Conversion and Mawali Acceptance

    B. Town and Country: Commercial Boom and Agrarian Expansion

  • Urban expansion

  • Ayan

    C. The First Flowering of Islamic Learning

  • Building

  • Mosques, palaces


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