What to do next
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What to do next. Perform a thorough head and neck exam under anesthesia Perform triple endoscopy: ( nasopharyngolaryngoscopy , bronchoscopy , esophagoscopy ) Get a biopsy of the oral cavity ulcer. Thorough head and neck exam. Biopsy of primary

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What to do next

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What to do next

What to do next

  • Perform a thorough head and neck exam under anesthesia

  • Perform triple endoscopy: (nasopharyngolaryngoscopy, bronchoscopy, esophagoscopy)

  • Get a biopsy of the oral cavity ulcer


Thorough head and neck exam

Thorough head and neck exam

  • Biopsy of primary

  • Fine needle aspiration of possible neck metastasis

  • Imaging studies:

    • Chest radiograph: posteroanterior and lateral

    • CT/MRI of primary and neck

    • Panorex or dental x-ray: evaluate mandible invasion if CT/MRI not performed

    • Barium swallow


Thorough head and neck exam1

Thorough head and neck exam

  • Laboratory tests

    • Pre anesthesia testing

    • Basic liver function tests

      Consutations:

      -Radiation therapy -for adjuvant or definitive therapy considerations

      -Dental: pre radiation dental treatment and for post therapy


Examination under anesthesia

Examination under Anesthesia

  • Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy and pharyngoscopy

  • Esophagoscopy

  • Bronchoscopy


Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy

Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy

  • diagnostic medical procedure that uses a flexible fibre-optic endoscope to visualize the structures inside the nasal passages, including the sinus openings, the larynx, and the vocal cords.


Pharyngoscopy

Pharyngoscopy

  • technique of placing a rigid or flexible endoscope via the mouth to visualise the pharynx (back of the throat). This technique provides direct visualisation of this structure under magnification allowing structural abnormalities to be diagnosed and any diseased areas to be accurately sampled (biopsied). 


Esophagoscopy

Esophagoscopy

  • direct visual examination of the esophagus with an esophagoscope. Esophagoscopy usually is done as a diagnostic procedure for the purpose of locating and inspecting a disorder of the esophagus


Bronchoscopy

Bronchoscopy

  • Bronchoscopy is a technique of visualizing the inside of the airways for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. An instrument (bronchoscope) is inserted into the airways, usually through the nose or mouth, or occasionally through a tracheostomy


What to do next

  • Findings:

  • Nasopharyngolaryngoscopy⊖; Biopsy of ulcer: well-differentiated squamous cell cancer

  • Fine needle biopsy of neck mass: Chronic Lymphadenitis


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