Deviance culture
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Deviance & Culture. What is Culture?. Anthropologists say culture is a system of ideas, values, behaviours, & attitudes shared by the members of a society Sociologists believe culture refers to the ways in which social groups differentiate themselves from other groups

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Deviance & Culture

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Deviance culture

Deviance & Culture


What is culture

What is Culture?

  • Anthropologists say culture is a system of ideas, values, behaviours, & attitudes shared by the members of a society

  • Sociologists believe culture refers to the ways in which social groups differentiate themselves from other groups

    • Differences are based on language, attire, food, social etiquette, attitudes & roles, religious values, and political beliefs

  • Culture is commonly accepted & learned by members of a society through the process of socialization (passed on)

    • Socialization unifies, communicates, & maintains societies cultural beliefs

  • Culture is a toolthat helps explain behaviour among & towards other groups


Culture social identity

Culture & Social Identity

  • Culture influences an individual’s perception & self-concept

    • So it effects the development of social identity too

  • Sociologists are very interested in cultural universals

    • They are beliefs common across all cultures --- examples?

  • Ppl rely on culture to guide us in social situations (to make appropriate decisions)


Deviance

Deviance

  • Recall – norms help est. acceptable behaviours in society

  • Social behaviour that doesn’t fit w/ est. rules of society is either shunnedor punished

    • It is Deviance: a violation of society’s social norms & accepted standards

  • Emile Durkheim was the 1st sociologist to write about anomie

    • Durkheim stated anomie referred to a state of normalness & represents an individual’s breakdown in relation to social order and structure (a violation of society’s est. norms)


Robert merton deviance

Robert Merton & Deviance

  • Deviance is an attractive option esp. if societies rules are restrictive

  • Merton claimed deviance occurs when individuals cannot obtain the society’s goals, through the means society provides

  • Strain Theory of Behaviour

    • Belief that indy’s will pursue illegitimate actions to obtain societies highest goals when they are blocked from accessing institutional means to them

  • IOW Society causes deviance b/c it pressures ppl to conform to its goals

    • Work w/in the structure or join/create a deviant subculture


Alienation

Alienation

  • Unequal access to social rewards/privileges can lead to alienation

  • Alienation is a feeling of separation or isolation (from society)

    • It can occur in any situation when someone is left-out

  • Causes: social inequalities, cultural differences, alt. lifestyle

  • Can feel alienated from social norms, values, roles OR from social institutions not serving needs effectively

  • Often leads to a rejection of the dominant culture


Subcultures

Subcultures

  • Mainstream culture is what we define culture as on a large scale (i.e. CDN culture)

    • Most ppl fulfill their needs w/in it

  • Others look to subcultures to meet needs

    • Small groups w/in a larger group that share common values, beliefs, attitudes, behaviours, and/or lifestyles different from the dominant culture

  • Differences are often exaggerated or distorted versions of mainstream culture

  • Sociologists describe subcultures as deviance from the norm & prevalent amongst youth

  • Subcultures are often labelled

    • Labelling is a theoretical approach to defining deviant behaviour through the creation of a subculture

  • Subcultures over-time can become popular enough to become mainstream


Countercultures

Countercultures

  • More extreme than subcultures are countercultures

    • These reject the most popular values & most important norms of society, replacing them w/ their own extreme views on violence, family, & loyalty

  • Can be +ve or –ve for society

  • Most extreme are cults

    • Extremist religious groups w/ rigid social/moral views that oppose mainstream culture & led by a charismatic leader


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