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BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE BALKAN COUNTRIES The cases of Romania, Slovenia, Greece & Bulgaria. Christos Venetis Waste Management Engineer. The BALKWASTE Project LIFE07 ENV/RO/000686 Total Budget: 869.452 € (50% co-funded) Duration: January 2009 – December 2011 Participating Countries

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Biowaste management in the balkan countries the cases of romania slovenia greece bulgaria

BIOWASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE BALKAN COUNTRIESThe cases of Romania, Slovenia, Greece & Bulgaria

Christos Venetis Waste Management Engineer


The BALKWASTE Project

LIFE07 ENV/RO/000686

Total Budget: 869.452 € (50% co-funded)

Duration: January 2009 – December 2011

Participating Countries

Greece, Romania, Slovenia, Bulgaria

Sustainable Waste Management Planning in the Balkan Region


The BALKWASTE Project

Main objective of the Balkwaste Project is to deliver a decision

support software in order to:

Provide a multidisciplinary (environmental, economic, social) comparison of different waste management technologies

Identify how the most appropriate technologies can be implemented within an integrated waste management framework

Support competent authorities in developing sustainable waste management strategy


The BALKWASTE Project

The software will guide the user to formulate and compare alternative integrated waste management scenarios

It will be applied and validated in the two case studies area (Razlog and North-East Region)

The validation will be performed using actual collected data (sampling results and existing infrastructure)


Project Partners

  • REPA Bacau, Romania

  • Euroconsultants S.A., Greece

  • NTUA Athens, Greece

  • Technical University Crete, Greece

  • NGO CSDCS, Bulgaria

  • EFCon, Romania

  • Surovina, Slovenia

  • Epta Ltd., Greece (Subcontractor)


GREECE

5,6 mio. Tones of MSW per year

Around 44% is organic waste showing decreasing trends

Currently no separation at source schemes are active

MBT is the only mean of diversion


Chania MBT 75.000 tn/year

Athens MBT 300.000 tn/year

Heraklion MBT 75.000 tn/year

Kefallonia MBT 25.000 tn/year


SLOVENIA

855.595 Tones of MSW (2007)

Around 39% is organic waste

Small quantities are collected through separation at source schemes (16.568 tones in 2006)

8 composting facilities and 2 anaerobic digestion facilities treating organic fraction of msw


BULGARIA

3.103.000 Tones of MSW (2006)

Around 57,7% is biodegradable

No separation at source schemes are active

Home composting in single municipalities (around 5.500 households)


ROMANIA

12.375.890 Tones of MSW (2007)

Around 46% is organic waste

Small quantities are collected through separation at source schemes

5 composting facilities operating and 2 under construction


ROMANIA

The Piatra – Neamt Composting Facility

Capacity of 25.000 tons

Only a reduced number of citizens participate to the separate collection system

Collected quantities are low from both qualitative and quantitative points of view

In 2007

13.132 tons processed

3.468 tons composted

9.664 tons landfilled

1.599 tons of compost produced

Compost market is underdeveloped. In 2008 compost quantities from 2007 remained unsold


SAMPLING ANALYSIS IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA

On site sorting analysis & laboratory tests

Romania during Dec. 2009 and May 2010 in 6 counties

Bulgaria during Nov. 2009 and May 2010 in 1 region


SORTING ANALYSIS METHODOLOGY

Recyclable fractions after 1st step sorting

1st step sorting rest; the half after 1st cutting

sorting

the half after 2nd cutting

2. step sorting

1st step sorting rest; the half after 1st cutting

The sample

The fractions




The fractions after the 1st step sorting

recyclable materials

a subjective aspect

depends on known and common technologies

depends on the samplers skills and knowledge

common materials (paper, plastic, metals, glass, wood etc.)

“clean” – non-contaminated, non-composite

Non-recyclable materials

combustible (composites: plastic-paper-alu-foil); contaminated, small pieces etc.

wood, rubber, mixed plastic …

inert and other materials

ceramic

glass



The rest after 1st step sorting


The fractions after the 2nd step sorting

Sorting of the rest after the 1st step sorting. Small pieces of (in practice) non-

recyclable materials, contaminated with organic waste.

common materials

paper, plastic, metals, glass, wood

only in gross

the rest was noticed as biological

no method (on site) to determine the biological

part of waste and inert (soil, chippings, debris

from demolition etc.)


Results in Romania

  • Area with family houses and block settlements

  • Random selected containers from households



Results in Bulgaria

  • Area with family houses and block settlements

  • Random selected containers from households



EN Standards and technical reports

EN 14899:2006; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Framework for the preparation and application of a Sampling Plan

EN 15002:2006; Characterization of waste - Preparation of test portions from the laboratory sample

CEN/TR 15310-1:2007; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 1: Guidance on selection and application of criteria for sampling under various conditions

CEN/TR 15310-2:2007; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 2: Guidance on sampling techniques

TP CEN/TR 15310-3:2007; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 3: Guidance on procedures for sub-sampling in the field


EN Standards and technical reports

CEN/TR 15310-4:2007; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 4: Guidance on procedures for sample packaging, storage, preservation, transport and delivery

CEN/TR 15310-5:2007; Characterization of waste - Sampling of waste materials - Part 5: Guidance on the process of defining the sampling plan


Results Reliability

Reliability of 75%

The reliability interval has been justified through an official letter to the EU Commission by SUROVINA

Effort was made to achieve the high degree of reliability always taking the project budget into consideration


THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION !!!

For more information check:

www.balkwaste.eu

Contact:

Dipl.-Ing. Christos Venetis

[email protected]

The authors would like to thank the LIFE+ Programme of the

European Commission for financing the BALKWASTE project


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