introduction to islam 1 17 2013
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Introduction to Islam 1/17/2013. Basic Facts. Monotheistic (ONE GOD) Believe in the Prophet Muhammad and one God called Allah Follow the Five Pillars of Islam and the Sunnah guides Muslims’ behavior Supreme Being: Allah Sacred Text: The Qur’an 1.5 billion adherents.

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Presentation Transcript
basic facts
Basic Facts
    • Monotheistic (ONE GOD)
    • Believe in the Prophet Muhammad and one God called Allah
    • Follow the Five Pillars of Islam and the Sunnah guides Muslims’ behavior
  • Supreme Being: Allah
  • Sacred Text: The Qur’an
  • 1.5 billion adherents
basic facts1
Basic Facts
  • Place of Worship: Mosque
  • Holy Land:
    • Mecca
    • Additional pilgrimage sites include the Al Quds mount in Jerusalem (The Dome of the Rock) and the city of Medina in Saudi Arabia
dome of the rock
Dome of the Rock
  • 2nd holiest mosque in all of Islam
  • Located in Jerusalem
named prophets in the qur an
Named Prophets in the Qur’an
  • Abraham
  • Enoch
  • Isaac
  • Ishmael
  • Lot
  • Jonah
  • Zechariah
  • Moses
  • Noah
  • Solomon
  • Ezra
  • John the Baptist
  • Muhammad
  • Adam
  • Elisha
  • Job
  • David
  • Ezekiel
  • Jesus
  • Aaron
  • Joseph
beliefs about allah
Beliefs about Allah
  • Creator
  • Merciful
  • Holy
  • Source of Peace
  • Mighty/Strong
  • Sustainer/Provider
  • All-Knowing
  • All-Forgiving
  • Loving
  • There is no other God
five pillars of islam
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Confession of Faith: “There is no God but God; Muhammad is the Prophet of God”
  • Ritual Prayer (5x/day)
five pillars of islam1
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Almsgiving

(2.5% of wealth)

4. Fasting

5. Hajj

the hajj
The Hajj
  • Shed evidence of wealth/poverty
  • Dressed in white
  • Day One—travel from Mecca to Mina
  • Day Two—Day of Arafat (forgiveness and mercy)
slide12
Hajj
  • Day Three—
    • Throwing stones at pillars that represent seductions of Satan
    • Slaughter animal and give meat to poor.
    • Seven turns around the Ka’ba
    • Trek between to small hills to honor Hajar’s (Hagar) search for water
what s inside the ka ba
What’s inside the Ka’ba?
  • two pillars
  • a table on the side to put items like perfume
  • two lantern-type lamps hanging from the ceiling
  • the space can accommodate about 50 people
  • no electric lights inside
  • walls and the floors are of the marble
  • no windows inside - there is only one door
  • the upper inside walls are covered with a curtain
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