Doing Child Welfare Differently
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Doing Child Welfare Differently … LAC experiences in 3 cultural and organizational contexts. Umeå University Evelyn Khoo, MSW PhD. ‘The Travelling Idea of LAC’ (Nygren). Aims : 3 key functions of LAC – BBIC Implementation in 3 contexts Opinions

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Doing child welfare differently lac experiences in 3 cultural and organizational contexts

Doing Child Welfare Differently… LAC experiences in 3 cultural and organizational contexts.

Umeå University

Evelyn Khoo, MSW PhD


The travelling idea of lac nygren

‘The Travelling Idea of LAC’(Nygren)


The research project looking after children in need

Aims:

3 key functions of LAC – BBIC

Implementation in 3 contexts

Opinions

Because: Context matters to the 5 Ws and How

The Research Project: Looking After Children in Need

SWEDISH COUNCIL FOR WORKING LIFE AND SOCIAL RESEARCH


The research project looking after children in need1

The Research Project: Looking After Children in Need

OACAS

Local Sites

People


Collecting the data

Collecting the Data

SURVEYS

59

170

165

FOCUS GROUPS

Managers

Social Workers

Key Informant Interviews

DOCUMENTS -

AAR, Training etc.


Everybody loves lac

Oh, really??

Not quite…

Everybody Loves LAC


The enthusiasts

Mostly positive about LAC’s strengths

Important for ‘Best Practices’

Helps decision-making

Strengthens accountability

Time is the greatest barrier

The Enthusiasts


Barnardos

Children in a series of short-term placements often miss out on the fundamentals, particularly in regard to peer relationships, self image etc.

It improves work with children and families.

I wish that DCS would use this tool as I despair over some of the casework they do without LAC guidelines.

I feel it is a good monitoring tool for child in care. Yet, it could be made more inclusive to their voices.

Barnardos


Sweden cautious optimists

SwedenCautious Optimists

  • Generally positive but wider range of opinions

  • Buy into BBIC’s unique care philosophy

  • Conceptual Map is key

  • Child is in focus

  • Time, Budgets & Organizational Limits


Bbic kommuns

BBIC is a great way to carry out [work. It gives] structure and put the child in focus. But, it is incredibly time consuming. So, follow-up can be delayed and there a risk that too much work is put on administration.

It is important to discuss the values behind the concept and come to an agreement on what is most important about BBIC – filling in all the forms correctly or learning to use the ideas behind the triangle or ideas in the forms. It’s easy to get hung up on discussions about all the forms. You have to keep your head out of that if you don’t want to drown and instead discuss and decide on which bits are most important and take one piece at a time.

The child is the focus.

BBIC Kommuns


Cas fans and critics

Mostly positive but not wildly enthusiastic

More varied opinions

AAR focused

An exercise in form-filling

Time and Organization are limits

CASFans and Critics


Doing child welfare differently lac experiences in 3 cultural and organizational contexts

Looking After Children is child focused. This is great! LAC challenges the fiscal policy of agencies - this is good.

LAC is time consuming - this too is good for kids… Workers need policy changes to ensure they have the monies and time or the process will become frustrating for staff.

Please ask the children and youth how they feel about this. They feel forced and abnormal (different from their peers in the home).

This LAC was to respond to policy and research, not to the interests or needs of children.

CAS


Why the similarities differences

Context has influencedthe purpose, meaning and legitimacy of LAC.

Context has channelled LAC efforts in specific directions.

Translating LAC impacts practice.

Why the similarities & differences?


What lac does well

Improves parenting standards and practices

Guiding practice & decision-making

Makes us responsible parents

What LAC does well


Problems still

Limiting professional discretion

Form-filling

Resources

Time

Money

Skills

Problems still…


Lessons learned

Key People Matter

Leaders, ‘fire keepers’, users

Training and Support are essential

Initial and ongoing

Integration follows implementation

Strategies needed

Lessons Learned


Doing child welfare differently lac experiences in 3 cultural and organizational contexts

Khawp khun

Cám ón

Salamot

Gracias

Giitus

Merci! Thank you!

Tack!

Danke

Kiitos

Arigato

Ngiyabonga


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