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Bellringer. Download today’s notes: Causes of War Answer the following question: 1. What would you do if someone made you a promise and then broke it? How would you respond? Would you trust them in the future? Why or why not?. Treaty of Versailles. Rise of Hitler. Rise of

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Bellringer

Bellringer

  • Download today’s notes: Causes of War

  • Answer the following question:

    • 1. What would you do if someone made you a promise and then broke it? How would you respond? Would you trust them in the future? Why or why not?


Bellringer

Treaty of

Versailles

Rise of

Hitler

Rise of

fascism in

Italy

Japanese

expansionism

Nationalism

Major Causes

of

World War II

Economic

depression

Militarism

SPARK:

Invasion of

Poland

Appeasement


The big idea

The BIG Idea!

  • The ambitions of Japan and Germany paved the way for the outbreak of WWII.

    • Hitler’s theory of racial domination laid the foundation for aggressive expansion outside Germany.

    • The need for natural resources fueled the Japanese plan to seize other countries.


German path to war

German Path to War

  • Hitler wanted “living space” for the Aryan race and his Third Reich.

    • Needed more land to support a larger population.

  • Hitler wanted land in the east – in the Soviet Union.

    • Had to prepare for war with the Soviet Union.

    • Once conquered the land would be given to German people and all others would be used as slave labor to build the Third Reich.


Hitler violates treaty

Hitler Violates Treaty

  • Hitler hated the Treaty of Versailles and violated it.

    • First he built up the German military.

    • Then he sent troops into the Rhineland. This was a direct violation of the Treaty of Versailles, which said in 1919 that Rhineland was a demilitarized zone.(1936)


Allies response

Allies’ Response

Appeasement – giving in to an enemy’s demands in hopes of avoiding further conflict

France and Great Britain condemned Germany but did not do anything about it.

Wanted to keep peace in Europe, didn’t want to go back into war.

In the midst of the Great Depression, distracted by their own problems.


Germany s new allies

Germany’s New Allies

  • Italy

    • Mussolini of Italy invaded Ethiopia, but was opposed by British and French – Hitler took Mussolini’s side

    • October 1935 - Hitler and Mussolini made an agreement recognizing their common political interests, signed an alliance one month later (Rome-Berlin Axis)

  • Japan

    • Germany and Japan signed a pact to work together against communism (Anti-Comintern Pact)


Union with austria

Union with Austria

Convinced that Great Britain nor France would use force against him.

Threatened to invade Austria if Austrian Nazis weren’t put in charge of government – Austria gave in

Hitler annexed Austria to Germany in 1938

Why was Hitler interested in Austria?


Demands and appeasement

Demands and Appeasement

  • Next (in 1938), Hitler demanded that Czechoslovakia cede the Sudetenland to Germany. Mostly Germans lived here.

  • Again, Britain and France practiced appeasement

    • The British and French prime ministers agreed to Hitler’s demands without consulting Czechoslovakian leaders, in the hopes that this would avoid a war in Europe.

    • Hitler promised that he would make no more demands…


Great britain and france react

Great Britain and France React

  • Hitler was even more convinced that no one would fight him.

  • In March 1939, he took over more of Czechoslovakia.

  • At last Great Britain and France responded.

    • Hitler’s aggression made clear that his promises were worthless.

    • He began to demand a port in Poland.

    • Great Britain offered to protect Poland in the event of war.

    • France and Great Britain tried to form an alliance with Joseph Stalin to combat Hitler.


Hitler and stalin

Hitler and Stalin

  • To prevent Stalin from making an alliance with France and Great Britain, Hitler made his own agreement first!

  • Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact signed on Aug. 23, 1939 – Soviet Union and Germany agreed not to attack each other.

    • Secretly, Hitler offered to split eastern Europe with Stalin.

    • Why does this seem weird? What does Hitler gain?

  • Hitler planned on fighting the Soviet Union eventually anyway so it didn’t matter what he promised. This also kept him from having to fight the Soviets at the beginning of the war.


Germany invades poland

Germany Invades Poland

The nonaggression pact shocked the world.

It also gave Hitler the freedom he needed to attack Poland.

Invaded Poland in Sept. 1939 – Britain and France declared war on Germany


Connect

Connect!

1. Why did Britain and France adopt a policy of appeasement?

2. What regions did Hitler annex or take over?

3. How did the Nazi-Soviet Nonaggression Pact help lead to World War II?


Japanese aggression

Japanese Aggression

  • In 1931 Japan invaded Manchuria for raw materials.

    • The League of Nations investigated and condemned Japan. Japan withdrew from the League. U.S. did not recognize the Japanese takeover of Manchuria, but was unwilling to threaten force.

    • Japan committed to expansionist policies, and the military controlled the government.

  • The same year, Japan began to attack China, with full-scale war breaking out in 1937 in the Sino-Japanese War.

  • Wanted to create a New Order in East Asia – Japan, Manchuria, and China – ruled by Japan


Japanese aggression1

Japanese Aggression

  • Japan wanted raw materials from Southeast Asia to fuel its military machine

    • This would risk war with European colonial powers and the U.S., however

  • Japan demanded the rights to French Indochina in 1940 – the U.S. objected by applying sanctions

    • Japan needed oil from U.S. but also needed raw materials from Southeast Asia. They were in a pickle!

    • Japan decided to launch a surprise attack on U.S. and European colonies in Southeast Asia.


Connect1

Connect!

1. What territories did Japan acquire between 1933-1941?

2. What was a key motivation for Japan’s plans to expand into the Soviet Union, China, and French Indochina?

3. What do you think the U.S. was doing during this time of German and Japanese aggression?


Bellringer

Theaters of War: Where WWII Was Fought

Europe

Atlantic Ocean

Asia

North Africa

Pacific


Bellringer

HITLER’S WWII PARTNERS


Bellringer

India

Brazil

THEALLIED POWERS IN WWII


Activity

Activity!

Now that we’ve discussed the beginning of the war, pick one of the main causes of the war from the next slide.

Write one FULL paragraph (5-7 sentences) on paper that explains what the cause is and HOW it led to the beginning of WWII.

You may use your notes, class discussion, and the internet to help, BUT DO NOT COPY AND PASTE.

We will turn this in for a grade!


Bellringer

Treaty of

Versailles

Rise of

Hitler

Rise of

fascism in

Italy

Japanese

expansionism

Nationalism

Major Causes

of

World War II

Economic

depression

Militarism

SPARK:

Invasion of

Poland

Appeasement


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