Intervention
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Intervention. Chapter 4. Chapter Overview. Interventions Stress model Setting up roadblocks Understanding what comprehensive stress management is Taking control and making a commitment. What Are Interventions?. Activities to prevent a stressor from resulting in negative consequences.

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Intervention

Intervention

Chapter 4


Chapter overview
Chapter Overview

  • Interventions

  • Stress model

  • Setting up roadblocks

  • Understanding what comprehensive stress management is

  • Taking control and making a commitment


What are interventions
What Are Interventions?

Activities to prevent a stressor from resulting in negative consequences


A model of stress
A Model of Stress

  • A life situation (e.g., threat, a change in one’s life) knocks you off balance

Roadblocks can change cognitive appraisal of the stress stimulus


A model of stress cont
A Model of Stress (cont.)

  • Situation is perceived (interpreted) as stressful

  • Emotional reaction leads to feelings such as fear, anger, insecurity

  • These feelings lead to physiological arousal (stress reactivity)

  • Consequences: poor performance, illness, possible disease


A model of stress cont1
A Model of Stress (cont.)

  • This stress model is an example of a feedback loop

  • Stress model can have many feedback loops

  • A consequence of stress (e.g., illness) can become a new stressor and start a new feedback loop

Roadblocks can change cognitive appraisal of the stress stimulus


Setting up roadblocks
Setting up Roadblocks

  • Intervention is used to block a stressful consequence

  • These blocks are set up at various points on the stress theory model

  • Cognitive restructuring or medications (prescribed or illegal) can be used as roadblocks


Setting up roadblocks cont
Setting up Roadblocks (cont.)

  • A roadblock (e.g., relaxation technique) between the perception phase and the emotion phase can be effective

  • Exercise can effectively block the continuation of stress after physiological arousal has occurred


Comprehensive stress management
Comprehensive Stress Management

  • Includes intervention at all phases of the stress theory model

  • Several methods are used at each phase

  • Elimination of all stress is not recommended

  • Goal is to perform within optimal levels of stress (see Figure 4.4)


Did you know
Did You Know?

  • Stress can be good!

  • Have you ever taken a really important test, aced it, and really felt good and almost euphoric after it was over?

  • This type of stress is called eustress


Eustress
Eustress

  • Stress that results in positive consequences

  • Involves change that requires adaptation

  • Allows personal growth and is beneficial to the person

  • Figure 4.4 illustrates how stress can be productive



Taking control
Taking Control

  • Managing stress means exercising control rather than giving up control

  • One can decide to control or not control the stress response (assuming responsibility)

  • Practicing specific techniques is a means of taking control and assuming responsibility


Making a commitment
Making a Commitment

  • Start right now

  • Complete a contract

  • Plan rewards for reaching accomplishments

  • Plan punishments for not fulfilling contract

  • Keep goals realistic



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