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Intervention. Chapter 4. Chapter Overview. Interventions Stress model Setting up roadblocks Understanding what comprehensive stress management is Taking control and making a commitment. What Are Interventions?. Activities to prevent a stressor from resulting in negative consequences.

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Presentation Transcript
intervention

Intervention

Chapter 4

chapter overview
Chapter Overview
  • Interventions
  • Stress model
  • Setting up roadblocks
  • Understanding what comprehensive stress management is
  • Taking control and making a commitment
what are interventions
What Are Interventions?

Activities to prevent a stressor from resulting in negative consequences

a model of stress
A Model of Stress
  • A life situation (e.g., threat, a change in one’s life) knocks you off balance

Roadblocks can change cognitive appraisal of the stress stimulus

a model of stress cont
A Model of Stress (cont.)
  • Situation is perceived (interpreted) as stressful
  • Emotional reaction leads to feelings such as fear, anger, insecurity
  • These feelings lead to physiological arousal (stress reactivity)
  • Consequences: poor performance, illness, possible disease
a model of stress cont1
A Model of Stress (cont.)
  • This stress model is an example of a feedback loop
  • Stress model can have many feedback loops
  • A consequence of stress (e.g., illness) can become a new stressor and start a new feedback loop

Roadblocks can change cognitive appraisal of the stress stimulus

setting up roadblocks
Setting up Roadblocks
  • Intervention is used to block a stressful consequence
  • These blocks are set up at various points on the stress theory model
  • Cognitive restructuring or medications (prescribed or illegal) can be used as roadblocks
setting up roadblocks cont
Setting up Roadblocks (cont.)
  • A roadblock (e.g., relaxation technique) between the perception phase and the emotion phase can be effective
  • Exercise can effectively block the continuation of stress after physiological arousal has occurred
comprehensive stress management
Comprehensive Stress Management
  • Includes intervention at all phases of the stress theory model
  • Several methods are used at each phase
  • Elimination of all stress is not recommended
  • Goal is to perform within optimal levels of stress (see Figure 4.4)
did you know
Did You Know?
  • Stress can be good!
  • Have you ever taken a really important test, aced it, and really felt good and almost euphoric after it was over?
  • This type of stress is called eustress
eustress
Eustress
  • Stress that results in positive consequences
  • Involves change that requires adaptation
  • Allows personal growth and is beneficial to the person
  • Figure 4.4 illustrates how stress can be productive
taking control
Taking Control
  • Managing stress means exercising control rather than giving up control
  • One can decide to control or not control the stress response (assuming responsibility)
  • Practicing specific techniques is a means of taking control and assuming responsibility
making a commitment
Making a Commitment
  • Start right now
  • Complete a contract
  • Plan rewards for reaching accomplishments
  • Plan punishments for not fulfilling contract
  • Keep goals realistic
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