the uses of
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
The uses of…

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

The uses of - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 126 Views
  • Uploaded on

SE. The uses of… . Julia Cardona Mack Marzo de 2007. levanta entiende estudia termina resuelve practica levantan entienden terminan resuelven practican consigue pierden …. “Se” is always a pronoun. What does that mean? It doesn’t change. It refers to someone or something.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The uses of ' - ekram


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the uses of

SE

The uses of…

Julia Cardona Mack

Marzo de 2007

se is always a pronoun

levanta

entiende

estudia

termina

resuelve

practica

levantan

entienden

terminan

resuelven

practican

consigue

pierden…

“Se” is always a pronoun.
  • What does that mean?
      • It doesn’t change.
      • It refers to someone or something.
      • You need a verb to go with it.

se

se can do many things in a sentence
“Se” can do many things in a sentence.
  • Takes the place of an indirect object.
  • Accompanies a reflexive verb.
  • Signals “unintended” action.
  • Expresses an “impersonal” subject.
  • Constructs the “passive voice.”
se can do many things in a sentence4
“Se” can do many things in a sentence.

Indirect

object

  • Le presto mi libro a Sara. Se lo presto.
  • Sara se levanta temprano.
  • Hoy se le olvidaron los libros.
  • Se debe hablar en español en la clase.
  • Se escriben libros muy malos.

reflexive

unintended

impersonal

passive

voice

se can do many things in a sentence5
“Se” can do many things in a sentence.
  • I lend my book to Sara. I lend it to her.
  • Sara gets (herself) up early.
  • Today she forgot her books.
  • One should speak Spanish in class.
  • Very bad books are written.
takes the place of an indirect object
Takes the place of an indirectobject.

YO

presto

mi libro.

LO

a Sara

SE

LE

reflexive se
REFLEXIVE “SE”

se levanta

todos

los días.

Sara

temprano

Some verbs need “se” to express that the subject is both the actor and the recipient of the action.

reflexive to indicate involvement
Bebes mucho café.

Dormimos toda la noche.

Te espero.

Reir es saludable.

Hay que bebérselo poco a poco.

Se durmió temprano.

¡Espérate!

No te rías de mí.

Reflexive to indicate “involvement”

“involved”

“uninvolved”

unintended action
UNINTENDED ACTION

The speaker intends the object (el libro) to be the focus of attention (not Sara!)

Not “sus” because it’s self-evident that these are Sara’s books!

los libros

olvidaron

The verb agrees with the subject!

a Sara

SE

LE

impersonal subject
IMPERSONAL SUBJECT

Verb is always SINGULAR.

hablar

debe

In English, the subject can be “one” or “people”.

SE

en

español

en la clase

passive voice
PASSIVE VOICE

Verb can be PLURAL.

escriben

Libros muy

malos

SE

Use this “se pasivo” to avoid the English passive voice (books are written = libros son escritos).

slide12

You’re not studying. I’m going to tell your parents.

(I’m going to say it to them (to your parents).

No estás estudiando. ¡Se lo voy a decir a tus padres!

slide14

Ella no sabe dónde están sus zapatos.Se le perdieron (los zapatos).

She doesn\'t know where her shoes are. She lost them.

slide15

Se pesca mucho en estos lagos.

One can fish a lot (there’s a lot of fishing) in these lakes.

slide16

Esta cueva se descubrió el año pasado.

The cave was discovered last year.

En esta región se descubrieron ocho cuevas en total .

All together, eight caves were discovered in this region

traduce cuidado no todas las oraciones usan se
Traduce: ¡Cuidado! No todas las oraciones usan "se".

We\'re going to wake up Sara. She fell asleep doing her homework.

This boring book was assigned by her Spanish teacher. People need a lot of time to learn a language. I left my book behind, so now I think I\'ll use hers. I\'ll return it to her tomorrow. She\'ll never find out. Books are stolen from the library all the time.

slide18

¿Puedes explicar qué uso tiene el "se" en cada ejemplo?

Vamos a despertar a Sara. Se quedó dormida haciendo la tarea. Este libro aburrido lo asignó su maestra de español. Se necesita mucho tiempo para aprender una lengua. A mí se me quedó mi libro, así que ahora pienso usar el suyo. Se lo devolveré mañana. Ella nunca se enterará. Los libros de la biblioteca se los roban todo el tiempo.

se used to explain a process
“se” used to explain a process
  • Se ponen los zapatos en el piso en frente de la persona.
  • Se coloca el derecho a la derecha y el izquierdo a la izquierda.
  • Se introduce la punta del pie por la apertura del zapato.
  • Se empuja el pie hacia el frente.
  • Se trae el talón hacia abajo.

Put the shoes

Place the right one…

Introduce the toe (tip of the foot) through the opening…

You push

Bring the heel

slide20
1. Se corta un cuadrado.

2. Se dobla en dos.

3. Se vuelve a doblar.

4. Se trae al frente una

esquina.

5. Se hace lo mismo

con la otra.

6. Se añade un gancho.

c mo se prepara el caf
Cómo se prepara el café
  • las cafeteras
  • la harina de café
  • hervir el agua
ad