Working with Sources. How to use outside source material correctly. When you research a topic and “borrow” material from the sources you found in your research, you must give credit to those sources. What are “outside sources” for a research paper? Traditional sources include:. Books
Working with Sources
How to use outside source material correctly
Whenever you find information for your research paper (except in your own head), you are using a source.
When someone conducts a study, analyzes a topic, proposes a new idea, puts words together in a distinctive way, or does other intellectual work, the work is his/her “intellectual property.”
Not to indicate your source is considered academic dishonesty, i.e. plagiarism.Colleges have rules against plagiarism—and there are penalties.
But there is also unintentional (accidental) plagiarism—not giving credit to your sources because you don’t know how, or because you were careless.
When you use the information, words or ideas of someone else, be sure to tell where they came from.
All need to be documented.
If so, you don’t need to cite a source.
The kind of information you put in your in-text citations (or notes) and how you organize the information at the end of your paper depends on the documentation style you are using.
No matter which system of documentation you use, you will want to use something to “signal” to your reader at the beginning and end of the borrowed material, whenever possible.
In MLA, you insert the name of the author and the page on which you found the information into the body of your paper. (APA uses name and year. CMS uses name and note number.)
When you borrow from an outside source, there are three basic ways to use the material:
Jacksonstated that Martians “wash [their] tentacles with chamomile soap before dinner” (132).
Hobson refuted Jackson’s assertion at length, stating that “Martians have never been known to use chamomile soap…indeed, they prefer Palmolive”(97).
When you paraphrase, you are using an idea from a source, but you put it in your own words. You try to use different words and phrasing. Your version will be roughly the same length as the source’s version.
Use a paraphrase:--to make the idea blend into your paper more smoothly.--to demonstrate that you understand what the source was saying. (Profs like this!)
“Notorious shopaholics, Martians enter shopping malls with a gleam in their eyes—a gleam that comes from knowing exactly where every store is and where to find the best bargains ” (Hobson 88).
As you can see, this is a direct quote—Hobson’s exact words.
According to Hobson, Martians are shop-’til-you-drop fanatics. They take pride in knowing when, where and how to locate the true bargains (88).
Hobson claims that Martians are expert shoppers, even fanatics (88).