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What does a biologist study ? the earth the weather c . living things d . only animals. Susie decided to test the effectiveness of 3 new fertilizers on her tomato plants. She decided to divide her garden into sections and apply a different fertilizer to each section.

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What does a biologist study?

the earth

the weather

c. living things

d. only animals


Susie decided to test the effectiveness of 3 new fertilizers on her tomato plants. She decided to divide her garden into sections and apply a different fertilizer to each section.

What part of Susie’s experiment would be the independent variable?

a. the growth of the plants

b. the amount of water

c. the amount of light given to each plant

d. the type of fertilizer given to each plant


  • What should Susie do as a control for her experiment?

  • a. give each plant the same type of fertilizer

  • b. grow one of the sections with no fertilizer

  • c. give each plant the same amount of water

  • d. use the same type of plant in each section


A chloroplast can convert light, carbon

dioxide, and water into

a. vacuoles. c. proteins

b. sugar d. fat




Homeostasis is theory

a. the reproduction of cells.

b. a state of biological balance.

c. the transport of proteins against a concentration gradient.

d. the process of molecules spreading out evenly across an environment.


Cells theorystore energy when

a. the third phosphate group breaks off from an ATP molecule.

b. they break down sucrose to glucose and fructose.

c. a third phosphate group is bonded to an ADP molecule.

d. ions are released into the bloodstream


Which structure contains most of the cell’s DNA? theory

The cell shown is probably an animal cell because

it has mitochondria

it does not have a cell wall

it has a cell membrane

d. it does not have a nucleus


Osmosis theoryis a process involving movement toward equilibrium. Pick from the following the situation the one that you wouldn't expect to undergo any osmosis.

a. a plant cell placed in plain distilled water b. a plant cell placed in salty water c. a plant cell placed in water with the same salt concentration as the cell d. a plant cell placed in sugar water


Concentration theoryof solutes inside and outside the cell are equal when

a. the solution is isotonic.

b. the solution is hypotonic.

c. the solution is hypertonic.

d. the solution is isometric.


a theory

b

c

13. allows molecules to pass by diffusion - C

14. may help to identify the cell - A

  • requires energy to transport molecules

  • across the membrane - B


Cellular theoryrespiration that requires oxygen is

anaerobic respiration.

aerobic respiration.

c. alcoholic fermentation

d. lactic acid fermentation.


The theorymain source of energy for living things is a 6-carbon sugar called

a. glucose. c. lactic acid.

b. ribose. d. deoxyribose.


How theorymight an athlete know that lactic acid

fermentation has occurred in her muscles?

a. she is short of breath c. her muscles are sore

b. she is hungry d. she is thirsty


Which theoryof the following equations best represents

photosynthesis?

a. C + O2 + H2O  CO2 + HOH

b. 6CO2 + 6H2O  C6H12O6 + 6O2

c. 6C + 6H2O  C6H12O6

d. C6H12O6 6CO2 + 6H2O


Sequence theorythe six diagrams in order from first to last.

a. E,C,F,A,D,B c. D,B,F,C,E,A

b. A,B,C,D,E,F d. D,A,F,C,E,B


If theorya body cell of a particular organism has 60

chromosomes, how many chromosomes would

each sex cell have?

a. 60 c. 15

b. 30 d. 120


Meiosis theoryoccurs in the formation of

a. body cells and sex cells. c. sex cells only.

b. body cells only. d. only body cells of prokaryotes.


Which theoryof the following describes an organism

that has the genotype Bb?

a. homozygous c. inbred

b. heterozygous d. all of these


Any theorychange in the DNA of an organism is called a:

a. mutation c. replication

b. transcription d. pedigree


If theoryone side of a DNA molecule had the base

sequence AGTTCCACTTGA, which of the following

would represent the DNA sequence of that same

side in a new molecule if the original one is

replicated?

a. AGTTCCACTTGA c. UCAAGGUGAACU

b. AGUUCCACUUGA d. TCAAGGTGAACT


Structure theoryIII represents a(n)

a. gene c. codon

b. amino acid d. DNA molecule


29. The process illustrated in the diagram above is theory

a. translation. c. cell division.

b. replication. d. transcription.


TRUE / FALSE a = true b = false theory

30. The vacuole in an animal cell is much larger than those of plant cells. F

31. In photosynthesis, light energy is used to break down water into hydrogen and oxygen. T

32. Plants require oxygen in order to perform photosynthesis. F

33. Individuals must exhibit a trait in order for it to appear in their offspring. F


  • A theorytrait controlled by four alleles is said to be

  • a. homologous. c. polygenic.

  • a recessive trait. d. Incompletely

dominant.


The type of inheritance shown when a red-flowering plant is crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced is

a. inbreeding. c. codominance.

b. polygenic inheritance. d. incomplete dominance.


The crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced isdiagram above represents a molecule of

a. tRNA c. glucose

b. mRNA d. DNA


Which crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced isof the following do the circles in the diagram represent?

a. ribose c. deoxyribose

b. phosphate d. guanine


Which crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced isof the following is represented by the

figure on the diagram labeled “x”?

a. phosphate c. thymine

b. uracil d. cytosine


  • Because crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced isthe gene for hemophilia is located on the X chromosome, it is normally not possible for

  • a. carrier mothers to pass the gene on to their daughters.

  • b. carrier mothers to pass the gene on to their sons.

  • c. hemophiliac fathers to pass the gene on to their daughters.

  • d. hemophiliac fathers to pass the gene on to their sons.


When crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced isroan, (reddish-brown), cattle are mated, 25% of the offspring are red, 50% of the offspring are roan, and 25% are white. Upon examination, it can be seen that the coat of a roan cow consists of both red and white hairs. This trait is controlled by

a. multiple alleles. c. sex-linked genes.

b. codominant alleles. d. polygenic inheritance


  • Two healthy parents produce a child with the crossed with a white-flowering plant and only pink-flowering plants are produced is

  • genetic disorder of cystic fibrosis,

  • which is the result of a recessive gene. What

  • would be the best explanation for this

  • inheritance?


Examine the graph below, which illustrates the frequency in types of skin pigmentation in humans. Another human trait that would show a similar inheritance pattern and frequency of distribution is _____.


Those types of skin pigmentation in humans. Another human trait that would show a similar inheritance pattern and frequency of distribution is _____.components of Earth’s atmosphere which

absorb infrared radiation and trap heat are

called _________________.

a. ozone c. greenhouse gases

b. carbon offsets d. CFC’s


On types of skin pigmentation in humans. Another human trait that would show a similar inheritance pattern and frequency of distribution is _____.which of the following do the others most

depend?

a. producers c. consumers

b. herbivores d. omnivores


Suppose types of skin pigmentation in humans. Another human trait that would show a similar inheritance pattern and frequency of distribution is _____.that due to a change in climate, the amount of annual rainfall in a certain desert increases slightly. Which of the following might the desert environment become?

a. a tundra c. an estuary

b. a coral reef d. a grassland


Which of the following biomes has the most species of plants and animals?

a. temperate forest c. grassland

b. taiga d. tropical rain forest


As matter and energy move from grasses to coyotes, the amount of available energy

a. decreases. c. stays the same.

b. increases. d. is totally depleted.


Energy amount of available energyflows from

a. coyotes to grasses. c. mice to cats.

b. cats to mice. d. coyotes to cats.


The amount of available energytundra would best be characterized by

a. low temperatures and much vegetation.

b. low temperatures and little vegetation.

c. high temperature and much vegetation.

d. high temperature and little vegetation.


Which amount of available energyof the following is NOT a source of CO2 in the Earth’s atmosphere?

a. engines burning carbon-based fuels

b. volcanic eruptions

c. fires

d nuclear power plants


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