Political science
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Political Science. Unit 2. Political Science. Is the study of POWER , POLITICS and GOVERNMENT . Government. System of rule over a territory and its people. Power. The means to control and rule people and government. . POLITICS. Process of using power in government. Key terms.

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Political Science

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Political Science

Unit 2


Political Science

Is the study of POWER, POLITICS and GOVERNMENT.


Government

System of rule over a territory and its people.


Power

The means to control and rule people and government.


POLITICS

Process of using power in government.


Key terms

Political System-A method for making decisions that affect a society and its members.

Policy- a plan to guide behavior to reach a particular goal

Compromise- each side gives in a little to settle a dispute.


Leadership

Different types of leaders arise in different groups.


Authoritarian

Very efficient for a short period of time.

Work will stop when the leader is absent.

Hostility within the group.


Democratic

Slow to get started but efficient for a long period of time.

Work continues when leader is absent.

Cohesiveness within the group.


Laissez-Faire“Let them do as they please”

Members will work for themselves rather than the group.

Leader is insignificant.

Anything goes with group dynamics.


Communication –is necessary for the operation of any group. Leaders often control the communication

To find the leader of any group, find out who controls the conversation and you will find the leader.


Characteristics of leadership

  • Organized

  • Works for the good of all

  • Directs activities

  • Initiates activities

  • Works inside and outside the group

  • Has intellectual ability

  • Sensitive to feelings of others


Elements of Popularity

  • Cheerful

  • Unselfish

  • Controls Emotions

  • Looks for the good in all

  • Sincere


Followers in a group usually have much control over a leader.

Extra Strength- the group is stronger than any member alone


Groups can exert great pressure over their members to conform to the group’s norms

Conformity- to go along with

Non Conformity- not to go along with


Levels ofGovernment


United States Federal Government

15 Cabinets run by Secretaries


Legislative Branch


Judical Branch

J


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