Intangible heritage of subak irrigation system in bali indonesia
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INTANGIBLE HERITAGE OF SUBAK IRRIGATION SYSTEM IN BALI, INDONESIA. Wayan Windia Lecturer of Fac.of Agriculture, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia wayanwindia@ymail.com. CULTURE LANDSCAPE OF BALI PROVINCE: The Subak System as an Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana. Subak Tample.

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INTANGIBLE HERITAGE OF SUBAK IRRIGATION SYSTEM IN BALI, INDONESIA

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INTANGIBLE HERITAGE OF SUBAK IRRIGATION SYSTEM IN BALI, INDONESIA

WayanWindia

Lecturer of Fac.of Agriculture, Udayana University, Bali, Indonesia

wayanwindia@ymail.com


CULTURE LANDSCAPE OF BALI PROVINCE: The Subak System as an Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana


Subak Tample

Rice Field

Dam/

Water-

Source

Subak A

Subak B1, B2, & B3

  • Subak :

  • Water user association/

  • Farmers manage irrigation

  • system.

  • Managing a certain

  • rice fields.

  • Managing at least one

  • water source.

  • Managing at least one

  • subak tample.

  • Autonomous.

  • Hydrological/natural border.

  • Sub-subak (if needed)

Village


WHAT SUBAK IS?

  • Subak is farmers organization which is managing water irrigation in a certain field rice, to get water from a certain source, managing at least one subak tample, and internally and externally autonomy of their organization.

  • A group of several subaks which get irrigated water from a water source, named by subak-gde (eg. Subak B1, B2, and B3, in previous slide).

  • A group of several subaks in one or more rivers, called by subak-agung, and yet one of them has to be in form of subak-gde.


(Continued…)

  • There is no structural relationship between subak and village. In contrast, there is coordinal relationship between subak and village.

  • The area of one subak could be in one village/ district/residence or more.


The Role/Function of Subak

  • Water distribution.

  • Maintenance (canal, tample, etc).

  • Mobilization of resources (contribution of money, manpower, etc)

  • Conflicts solution.

  • Ritual activities.

RULE IN USE (AWIG-AWIG)


RICE FIELDS, CALM AND QUIET, MANAGED BY SUBAK SYSTEM.

WILL THEY BE SUSTAINABLE?


Picture’s detail:

  • The rice fields shown above are managed by subak in Bali. Shown that the slope of topography.

  • Farmers build their rice fields based upon the available contour soil. Farmers do not destroy the exist soil environment.

  • Even though it could be inefficient, farmers still do it, in order the soil will be not eroded.


Irrigation system that based upon socio-culture in society

Strength :

  • Flexible.

  • Good governance.

  • Able to adapt new technology

  • Able to adapt dynamic culture surrounding.

    Weaken :

  • Not strong enough to bare intervention.


What the element/sub system of subak is?

  • Sub system of values

  • Sub system of social.

  • Sub system of artifact/material.


Sub system of artifact/material.


TRADITIONAL WATER DIVISION (NUMBAK SYSTEM)


CEMENTED WATER DIVISION (NUMBAK SYSTEM)


BANGUNAN-BAGI SISTEM NGERIRUN/BOX TERSIER


III.Fisik subak : blok sawah dengan : one inlet and one outlet system,

sebagai bagian dari kondisi Pelemahan

A1

A2

A3

A4

B1

B2

B3


Sub system of social.


THE VENUE OF FORMAL MEETING


Sub system of values


WATER IS REACHING A RICE FIELD.

A MOTHER IS GIVING OFFERING PRIOR HARVEST TIME


A TEMPLE IN BERATAN LAKE, AS A WATER SOURCE IN CENTRAL BALI


HARMONY OR TRI HITA KARANA PHILOSOPHY OF SUBAK

  • Tri Hita Karana is a foundation of subak system in Bali. Tri Hita Karana (THK) means, three factors of the happiness /joyful of human beings.

    Tri = three;

    Hita = joyful/happiness ; and

    Karana = the caused factor.

  • To get happiness, so human being must take harmony with God, with others, dan with nature.


What is Subak Intangible Haritage ?

  • Harmony and Togetherness

  • In Bali term, we call : the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy or Concept.


TERIMA KASIH/THANK YOU


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