chapter 4 preparing and evaluating a research plan
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 42

Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 124 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan. Brian – Part I – Quantitative Research Asim – Part II – Qualitative Research Christina – Part II – Epic Summation. Introduction. Research plan – detailed description of a study proposed to investigate a given problem.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan' - eileen


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 4 preparing and evaluating a research plan

Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan

Brian – Part I – Quantitative Research

Asim – Part II – Qualitative Research

Christina – Part II – Epic Summation

introduction
Introduction
  • Research plan – detailed description of a study proposed to investigate a given problem.
  • Generally include an:
    • Introduction – review of literature
    • Discussion of research design and procedures
    • Information about data analysis
introduction continued
Introduction Continued

May be relatively brief and informal or lengthy and formal.

Most colleges/universities require a proposal for approval before thesis or dissertation.

Quantitative research – hypothesis basis for almost the entire paper.

research plan purposes
Research Plan Purposes

Forces you to think through every aspect of the study.

Facilitates evaluation of study.

Provides detailed procedures to guide the study.

**Research plans force you to plan properly, therefore avoiding future catastrophes.**

components of a quantitative research plan
Components of a Quantitative Research Plan

Introduction

Method

Data Analysis

Time Schedule

Budget (if necessary)

1 introduction section
1. Introduction Section

Statement of Topic

Statement of Research Questions

Review of Literature

Statement of Hypothesis

2 method section
2. Method Section
  • Participants – population – larger group from which the sample will be collected.
  • Instruments – test or tool used for data collection.
  • Design – general strategy or plan for conducting a study.
  • Procedure – describes all steps of data collection, from beginning to end, and in order.
    • Assumption – assertion presumed to be true but not verified.
    • Limitation – aspect researcher cannot control but believes negatively impacts the study.
3 data analysis
3. Data Analysis

Description of the technique or techniques used to analyze data.

1 or more statistical methods will be required (usually).

Probably the most frustrating part of the research plan.

4 time schedule
4. Time Schedule

Important for both new and experienced researchers.

Deadlines necessitate careful budgeting of time.

List of major activities or phases of the study.

Allow yourself more time than you think you may need.

5 budget
5. Budget

Proposals to agencies almost always require a budget section.

Researchers not seeking external funding for their research are not required to submit a budget for obvious reasons.

chapter 4 preparing and evaluating a research plan1

Chapter 4 – Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

back to the definition qualitative research
Back to the definition“Qualitative Research”

Generally:

  • Qualitative research—seeks to probe deeply into research setting to obtain in-depth understandings about the things are, why they are that way and how participants in the context perceive them (Gay, L.R. 2012 p.12).
  • Qualitative research is an inductive approach, and its goal is to gain a deeper understanding of a person\'s or group\'s experience. (Cynthia A. Hunt, n.d, http://www.und.nodak.edu/instruct/wstevens/PROPOSALCLASS/Huntpaper.htm)
dilemma in qualitative research

Dilemma in Qualitative Research

Qualitative research plan is less structured document than the quantitative research plan.

Bogdan & Biklen highlight (Gay, 2012, p116):

Plan for qualitative research sometime places

graduate students and contract researcher at

odds

with IRBs and funding agencies who are more

accustomed to dealing with quantitative proposals.

dilemma in qualitative research continue

Dilemma in Qualitative Research (continue)

How to report issue of validity and reliability in proposal????? This basic issue (reliability and validity) was addressed in three ways: prolonged engagement, persistent observation, and triangulation (Cynthia A. Hunt, n.d, http://www.und.nodak.edu/instruct/wstevens/PROPOSALCLASS/Huntpaper.htm).

Is this possible to report all confronted situation which may change result of study earlier—(Qualitative Researcher avoid Pilot testing to avoid traditions of qualitative Research) (Gay,L.R. 2012,p116)

conclusion to dilemma

Conclusion to dilemma

Qualitative Research methodologies have there unique features which may not be vividly addressed in research plan at early stages. However, the less structure format of Qualitative research enables researchers to add or subtract any component about the topic, field work, data collection.

components of qualitative research plan

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

TITle

Provides “Frame of Reference” to researcher for continuous reflection.

“Conceptual point of Reference” to readers.

Enable Librarian to catalogue the thesis on the basis of title alone.

components of qualitative research plan1

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Introduction section

Topic Statement

It is the every thing about research plan

It should be written in C3 format (clearly, concisely and comprehensively )

components of qualitative research plan2

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Introduction section

Framing the study

Researcher should demonstrate the relevance of proposed study using a frame of reference that reader will be able to relate.

components of qualitative research plan3

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Introduction section

Statement of Research Question

It is tricky to maintain inherent flexibility in qualitative research while posing initial research.

It is suggested to pose initial questions closely link to theories and policies and practical problems

It should be linked to literature

components of qualitative research plan4

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Review of Literature

Review of literature should describe the assumption and theories that underlie to initial research question

Review of literature should highlight the potential gaps in existing theories and preparedness of research to bridge them.

Suggestions, further refinement and possible direction for further research

components of qualitative research plan research procedure section

Components of Qualitative Research PlanResearch Procedure section

Generally it includes:

Description of qualitative approach used

Rationale of the study

Location of research context, gaining access (to authorities, research participants) Researchers role

Population and procedure of sampling

Data management strategies and analysis

Limitation of study

components of qualitative research plan research procedure section1

Components of Qualitative Research PlanResearch Procedure section

Description of approach & Rationale for the study

Classify over all approach used in qualitative paradigm (Case-Study, historical, ethnographic)

Provide rationale for the appropriateness and link in literature.

components of qualitative research plan research procedure section2

Components of Qualitative Research PlanResearch Procedure section

LOCATION OF RESEARCH CONTEXT, GAINING ACCESS (TO AUTHORITIES, RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS)

In contrast to quantitative research, qualitative research is more exploratory, understanding-oriented and in-context research (Gay,L.R. 2012, Pp.12-15) in natural setting. Thus research plan provides information about:GAINING ACCESS TO AUTHORITIES, RESEARCH PARTICIPANTS

Discuss in detail the role of researcher during the process of research

components of qualitative research plan research procedure section3

Components of Qualitative Research PlanResearch Procedure section

Population & Procedure of Drawing Sampling

In contrast to quantitative research, qualitative research more focuses on small size of sample and not tend to be representative of whole phenomena.

Sample size: Possible Answers are

“No hard and fast rules”

“It Depends”

“it can be single sample or 60-70 participants from multiple contexts”

components of qualitative research plan research procedure section4

Components of Qualitative Research PlanResearch Procedure section

Population & Procedure of Drawing Sampling (continue)

Sampling size also matter on Research deadlines, funding and resources availability, interests of volunteer as sample, pertinence of sample to research to research topic and data saturation.(Gay,L.R.2012, p143)

components of qualitative research plan data collection management and analysis strategies

Components of Qualitative Research PlanData Collection, management and analysis strategies

Data Collection strategies

Describe specific fieldwork technique or tool used for the data collection

Discuss the appropriateness of tool

Provide the evidence of tool used during the data collection

Finally the golden words:

“Convince the reader that researcher has

sensible plan and instrumentation for collecting the data”

components of qualitative research plan data collection management and analysis strategies1

Components of Qualitative Research PlanData Collection, management and analysis strategies

Data Management strategies

Qualitative research plan must address the insight about

When material would becollected(provide schedule) and how it would be stored and protected and what is the time to write the research report.

components of qualitative research plan data collection management and analysis strategies2

Components of Qualitative Research PlanData Collection, management and analysis strategies

Data Analysis strategies

Qualitative research

Heavily weighted toward interpretive rather than statistical data analysis

The data is analyzed from interview, field-note, observation by organizing and interpreting data. (Either by Macro analysis or Micro Analysis)

components of qualitative research plan trustworthiness

Components of Qualitative Research PlanTrustworthiness

A research plan must address an aspect of trustworthiness about the research findings and processes.

components of qualitative research plan ethical consideration

Components of Qualitative Research PlanEthical consideration

It is advised to incorporate a discussion about ethics in research plan, Because

Sensitivity to possible ethical issues that may arise during the study is critical to the success of the research (Gay,L.R 2012,p.119).

Maintaining equilibrium between personal and professional perspective while writing research report.

Protecting research participant from any possible harm and obliging promised committed during negotiation while writing research report..

components of qualitative research plan potential contributions implications of the research

Components of Qualitative Research PlanPotential Contributions/Implications of the research

SO What?

Link the possible implications to the broader ideas about theory, practical solutions discussed in literature review or generalize potential findings while considering the specificity of research context or address how it contribute o the existing body of knowledge.

components of qualitative research plan5

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Limitations of the study

Your research cannot answers all questions pertaining to your topic

Discuss possible resources and hurdle in your research plan which may affect the result of study.

components of qualitative research plan6

Components of Qualitative Research Plan

Limitations of the study

Your research cannot answers all questions pertaining to your topic

Discuss possible resources and hurdle in your research plan which may affect the result of study.

components of qualitative research plan critiquing research plan for improvement

Components of Qualitative Research PlanCritiquing Research plan for improvement

Assessment of research plan and it adequacy can be informal or formal both.

Read Research Plan to ensure that all the relevant material have been included with sufficient detail.

Request Critical Friend—to read proposal. “An External reader can often se gap in Your logic”

educational research competencies for analysis and applications

EDUCATIONAL RESEARCHCompetencies for Analysis And Applications

Chapter Four

The Epic Summation

Christina Rizza-Carrano

preparing and evaluating a research plan
Preparing and Evaluating a Research Plan
  • Definition:

Research Plan: A Detailed Description of a Study proposed to investigate a given problem.

Both Qualitative and Quantitative research studies should have the following within the research plan:

  • Introduction which includes the review of related literature
  • A Discussion of the research design and studies
  • Information about data analysis
components of the quantitative research plan
Components of the Quantitative Research Plan

1. Introduction

* Statement of the topic

* Statement of Research Question

* Review of Related Literature

* Statement of the Hypothesis

2. Method 3. Data Analysis

* Participants 4. Time Schedule

* Instruments 5. Budget ( if applicable)

* Design

* Procedure

components of a qualitative research plan
Components of a Qualitative Research Plan
  • 1. Title of Study
  • 2. Introduction to the Study
    • Describe the purpose of the research study
    • Frame the study as a larger theoretical policy or practical problem
    • Pose initial research questions
    • Describe related literature that helps to frame the research questions
components of a qualitative research plan1
Components of a Qualitative Research Plan
  • 3. Research Procedures
    • Overall approach and rationale of the study
    • Site and Sample Selection
    • The researcher’s role –entry to the research site, reciprocity and ethics
    • Data collection methods
    • Data management strategies
    • Data analysis strategies
    • Trustworthiness features
    • Ethical considerations
components of a qualitative research plan2
Components of a Qualitative Research Plan
  • 4. Potential Contributions of the research
  • 5. Limitations of the study
  • 6. Appendixes
    • Timeline for the research
    • Proposed table of contents for the study
    • Consent Forms, IRB approval
    • Samples of structured surveys or questionnaires
revising and improving the research plan
Revising and Improving the Research Plan

A Research Plan Should be reviewed by at least one skilled researcher and at least one expert in the area of investigation

If Possible, a researcher should carry out a small scale “pilot study” to help in refining or changing planned procedures.

a winning plan
A WINNING PLAN!!

A research Plan serves an important purpose…

1. Forces the thought process throughout the study

2. Getting down details helps the researcher from overlooking aspects of the study

3. Facilitates evaluation of the study

4. Saves time and funds

Reduces mistakes

Supports higher quality research

ad