What you expect is what you get
Download
1 / 6

What You Expect Is What You Get - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 162 Views
  • Uploaded on

What You Expect Is What You Get. Allison Peipert. Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?. Clever Hans the Horse Experimenter Expectancy Effect – The experimenter’s results are altered by expectations. 1963 rat study– students assigned “smart” rats reported faster maze times than “dull” rats

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' What You Expect Is What You Get' - egil


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Self fulfilling prophecy
Self-Fulfilling Prophecy?

  • Clever Hans the Horse

  • Experimenter Expectancy Effect– The experimenter’s results are altered by expectations.

  • 1963 rat study– students assigned “smart” rats reported faster maze times than “dull” rats

  • These results threaten all previous studies

  • Rosenthal wondered how this effected various environments, such as schools.


Theoretical propositions
Theoretical Propositions

  • Labeled as Pygmalion Effect

  • Teachers, when given IQ scores of students, will treat students differently based on their scores

  • This will affect the students’ performances

  • Used Oak School– lower middle-class in large town


Method
Method

  • Kids grades 1-6 given IQ test

  • Called a “Harvard Test”– predictor for academic “bloom and growth”

  • 3 classes/grade level

  • Teachers were given the list of those who scored in the top 20% on the Harvard Test

  • This list was actually assigned at random

  • At the end of the year the children were given the same IQ test


Results
Results

  • The children with the expectation of greater intellectual ability had greater improvement on the test

  • The evidence of the Pygmalion effect decreased as age increased

    • -More easily influenced

      -Already have known standards

      -Difference between teachers for younger and older grades


Significance
Significance

  • Effects of teachers’ expectations

  • Accuracy of IQ tests

  • Study in 1974: Teachers told random students were “bright”

    • -Smiled more

    • -Eye contact

    • -Favorable reactions

    • -Students enjoy school more

  • What if IQ tests are inaccurate? If all teachers bias based on these tests?

  • Similar results were shown based on race, gender, and other categories instead of IQ


ad