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Designing a future that is more accessible to all humans and machines: An Overview of Projects at the Trace R & D Center

Trace R&D Center

University of Wisconsin - Madison


What is trace
What is Trace machines:

  • R& D Center on Technology and Disability

  • Funded by

    • National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

    • National Science Foundation (NSF)

  • 2 Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers

    • on Access to Information Technologies

    • on Telecommunication Access (joint with Gallaudet Univ.)

  • Part of the NCSA Alliance, and EOT, of the NSF-PACI


Focus
Focus machines:

  • 30 Years old

  • Focus has evolved from

    70s - Augmentative Communication

    80s - Computer Access

    90s - Universal Design of Information Tech & Telecom

    00s - Virtual services, pluggable interfaces,

    extended usability of mainstream technologies,

    machine access and human augmentation.


Trace developments are built into a wide range of commercial products
Trace developments are built into a wide range of commercial products .

- Computers - Kiosks - Operating systems - Voice access systems - ATMs - Network technologies - Fare Machines - Web technologies - Point of Sale Machines - New document technologies - PDA’s - Multimedia technologies - Voting - etc.


Computers os s
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features


Computers os s1
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc


Computers os s2
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default


Computers os s3
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default


Computers os s4
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default

  • Mac OS (since 1980s)

    • OS 3 up

    • OS-X


Computers os s5
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default

  • Mac OS (since 1980s)

    • OS 3 up

    • OS-X


Computers os s6
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default

  • Mac OS (since 1980s)

    • OS 3 up

    • OS-X


Computers os s7
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default

  • Mac OS (since 1980s)

    • OS 3 up

    • OS-X


Computers os s8
Computers / OS’s products .

  • Windows 95/98/NT/2000XP

    • 9 Trace Access features

      • StickyKeys

      • MouseKeys

      • Etc

    • Now ON by default

  • Mac OS (since 1980s)

    • OS 3 up

    • OS-X


Computers os s cont d
Computers / OS’s (cont’d) products .

LARS (Linux Accessibility Resource Site)

  • www.trace.wisc.edu/LARS

  • In collaboration with JP Schnapper-Casteras

  • To support the Open Source work in this area

  • Also providing support for the CSUN collaboration meeting of the group


  • Commercial touch screen kiosks cross disability accessible

    Low Vision products .

    Blindness

    Hard of Hearing

    Deaf

    Physical

    Cognitive

    Language

    Reading

    Mall of America

    Airports

    Knight Ridder News

    Smithsonian

    Commercial Touch Screen Kiosks(Cross-Disability Accessible)


    “Discoverability” products .

    “Obviousness”

    ATMs

    Trace Center Prototype


    Public info transaction tech
    Public Info & Transaction Tech products .

    “Natural Accessibility”

    Viking Building Entry System


    Voting systems
    Voting Systems products .

    New Prototype

    “Invisible, obvious, natural”


    Phones
    Phones products .

    Mass Market Features – that expand usability to those operating under constraints


    Webmaster tools toolkit
    Webmaster Tools / Toolkit products .

    • Supported financially / collaborated withthe efforts of 5 other programs working Web tools

      • Tools to facilitate the creation of accessible web content.

        • 3 of the tools have been released (and are available for free download).

          • A-Prompt (Toronto)

          • Magpie (WGBH)

          • Extension of Bobby (CAST)

        • A fourth is under development at a sister university.

          • MS Office to accessible Web content Tool (Univ of Ill.)

        • A 5th is being explored - ( to be announced)


    W3c web content guidelines
    W3C Web Content Guidelines products .

    • WCAG 1.0 grew out of Trace Center’sUnified Guidelines on Web Accessibility

    • Trace Center Contributions

      • Co-Chair of working group

      • 2 of the editors

    • Used as basis for 508


    Web content accessibility
    Web Content Accessibility products .

    • “Same requirements as Mobile Computing” (1999)

    • “Best guidelines for making content work with web enabled phones” (2000)

    • WCAG 2.0

      • Perceivable

      • Operable

      • Navigable

      • Understandable

      • Robust


    Web content accessibility1
    Web Content Accessibility products .

    • “Same requirements as Mobile Computing” (1999)

    • “Best guidelines for making content work with web enabled phones” (2000)

    • WCAG 2.0

      • Perceivable

      • Operable

      • Navigable

      • Understandable

      • Robust

        ….. By those with who cannot see, hear, move or think as well as a fully able bodied human


    Web content accessibility2
    Web Content Accessibility products .

    • “Same requirements as Mobile Computing” (1999)

    • “Best guidelines for making content work with web enabled phones” (2000)

    • WCAG 2.0

      • Perceivable

      • Operable

      • Navigable

      • Understandable

      • Robust

        ….. By those with who cannot see, hear, move or think as well as a fully able bodied human

    • “Same requirements as we need for machine / agent access” (2005???)



    Current trace programs1
    Current Trace Programs products .

    • About 20 - 30 interface, information and interoperability projects in Telecom and IT

    • Industry and government forums and policy work

      • National and International

    • Industry standards work

    • Information outreach and Training programs

      • Graduate and post-graduate

      • Industry

        BUT NOT GOING TO TALK ABOUT ALL THESE


    Like to focus on a couple that might be of most interest to ag participants
    Like to focus on a couple that might be of most interest to AG participants…

    • Extended usability interfaces

      • Use mainstream products under constrained conditions

  • Universal interfaces

    • Carry your favorites or familiar one(s) around with you….

  • Virtual interfaces

    • …or just call them from the “ether” when you need them…

  • User Interface sockets

    • … and have them work with whatever technology or device you encounter.

  • Networked services on demand

    • Access any information – convert any information - or get help with anything anywhere..

  • Machine operable world

    • Let an agent do the work for you… Just tell it what you want.


  • Explore these by looking at some pieces then putting them together
    Explore these by looking at some pieces AG participants… – then putting them together


    Personal services on demand
    Personal Services on Demand AG participants…


    Companion
    “Companion” AG participants…

    • Trace and Aging RERC

    ?


    Ability for users to have personal interfaces to standard products or services
    Ability for Users to have AG participants…Personal Interfaces to Standard Products or Services


    1 person cannot use interface on product
    #1 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants…

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    1 person cannot use interface on product but has alternate keyboard they can use

    Interface Hardware AG participants…

    Function Software

    Interface Software

    #1 - Person cannot use interface on product – But has alternate keyboard they can use


    1 person cannot use interface on product but has alternate keyboard they can use1
    #1 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants… But has alternate keyboard they can use

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    2 person cannot use interface on product
    #2 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants…

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #2 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants… but has alternate interface device(like a Braille Lite, Braille Note, or Aug Com Device etc.)

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #2 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants… but has alternate interface device(like a Braille Lite, Braille Note, or Aug Com Device etc.)

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    Braille note
    Braille Note AG participants…


    3 person cannot use interface on product
    #3 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants…

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #3 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants… but has a card or device that describes their abilities OR their preferences.

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #3 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants… but has a card or device that describes their abilities OR their preferences.

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    4 person cannot use interface on product
    #4 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants….

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #4 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants…but they could if new interface software could be located or created for them and loaded into the product.

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    #4 - Person cannot use interface on product – AG participants…but they could if new interface software could be located or created for them and loaded into the product.

    Interface Hardware

    Function Software

    Interface Software


    Universal remote console project
    Universal Remote Console Project AG participants…

    • Goal: Develop a standard mechanism for controlling mainstream products/services from remote consoles

      • Remote consoles could be mainstream or AT

      • Mainstream benefit is key

      • Difficulty: cross-disability accessible


    Universal remote console
    Universal Remote Console AG participants…

    What if anyone

    • could control any device


    Universal remote console1
    Universal Remote Console AG participants…

    What if anyone

    • could control any device


    Universal remote console2
    Universal Remote Console AG participants…

    What if anyone

    • could control any device

    • from anywhere

    • using whatever device was handy.


    Universal remote console3
    Universal Remote Console AG participants…

    What if anyone

    • could control any device

    • from anywhere

    • using whatever device was handy.


    Incits and v2
    INCITS and V2 AG participants…


    Incits v2 ansi
    INCITS – V2 (ANSI) AG participants…

    • V2 is a technical committee at the International Committee for Information Technology Standards

    • Members are from user groups, industry, government, and academia


    V2 working group members

    AT&T AG participants…

    American Federation of the Blind

    Compaq Computer Corp.

    Dept. of Commerce

    Altarum

    GSA

    IBM

    CIBER

    Microsoft

    National Industries for the Blind

    Oracle

    RERC on Comm Enhancement

    Share Inc.

    Sun Microsystems

    The Mitre Corporation

    The International Center for Disability Resources on the Internet

    Trace R&D Center, U of Wisc

    Unisys Corporation

    Xerox

    V2 Working Group Members


    What is the aiap urc universal remote console
    What is the AG participants…AIAP-URCUniversal Remote Console?



    Based on existing standard technologies
    Based on Existing Standard Technologies AG participants…

    • Extended Markup Language (XML)

    • Universal Plug and Play (UPnP – Microsoft)

    • Java / Jini (Sun)

    • HAVi

    • TCP/IP

    • Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)

    • Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP)

    • WSDL

    • 802.11b (Wireless Ethernet)

    • Bluetooth


    V2 prototyping at trace
    V2 Prototyping at Trace AG participants…

    Supporting the V2 standardization effort by:

    • Writing code and building physical prototypes necessary to explore the proposed ideas for the standard.

    • Identifying potential problems in the emerging standard, and proposing solutions to the V2 technical committee.

    • Soliciting early user feedback on real-life implementations.

    • Providing proof-of-concept implementations for the standard.


    V2 and web services
    V2 and Web Services AG participants…

    • Access to Web services via mobile devices

    • Unified access to electronic devices and Web services via URC

    • Collaborating with W3C on pertinent technologies:

      • SOAP

      • WSDL

      • UDDI

      • XForms

      • XSD

    • Toward a new generation of (distributed) AT


    Pulling it together
    Pulling it together AG participants…

    • Extended usability interfaces

      • Use mainstream products under constrained conditions

  • Universal interfaces

    • Carry your favorites or familiar one(s) around with you….

  • Virtual interfaces

    • …or just call them from the “ether” when you need them…

  • User Interface sockets

    • … and have them work with whatever technology or device you encounter.

  • Networked services on demand

    • Access any information – convert any information - or get help with anything anywhere..

  • Machine operable world

    • Let an agent do the work for you… Just tell it what you want.


  • Thank you AG participants…

    Work supported by

    National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

    U S Department of Education

    National Science Foundation

    Microsoft Corporation

    Sun Microsystems

    U S Access Board

    Other contributors


    Collaborators

    Major Collaborations Related to Web Accessibility R&D AG participants…

    Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (Massachusetts Institute of Technology).

    Adaptive Technology Resource Centre (University of Toronto).

    CPB/WGBH National Center on Accessible Media.

    Center for Advanced Special Technology (CAST).

    Information Technology Program (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign).

    Major Collaborations Related to Interoperability and Modality Translation R&D

    INCITS V2 Working Group.

    Microsoft Corporation.

    Sun Microsystems.

    National Computational Science Alliance (Univ. of Illinois - Champaign-Urbana).

    Gallaudet University, Technology Access Program.

    Major Collaborations on Interface R&D

    Aging & Technology RERC (Univ. of Florida).

    Quad Media.

    Election Systems & Software.

    VoteHere.

    isSound (formerly Productivity Works, Inc.).

    NCR.

    Viking Electronics and Smith-Kettlewell RERC.

    Compaq Computer.

    U.S. Postal Service.

    Other Major Collaborations

    Information Technology Technical Assistance & Training Center (Georgia Institute of Technology).

    The Accessibility Forum.

    U.S. Access Board.

    Center for Universal Design (North Carolina State Univ.).

    COST219bis.

    Texas Electronic Textbook Project.

    Computers to Help People, Inc.

    TeleRehab RERC (Catholic University).

    Collaborators


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