Group work cooperative learning
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GROUP WORK & COOPERATIVE LEARNING PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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GROUP WORK & COOPERATIVE LEARNING. AS TEACHING STRATEGIES. GROUP WORK . (COOPERATION) Small group work Large group work Critical outcomes (principles of OBE) Focus on the outcome. WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY GROUP WORK? (169). To reach the ultimate outcome (academic and social)

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GROUP WORK & COOPERATIVE LEARNING

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Group work cooperative learning

GROUP WORK & COOPERATIVE LEARNING

AS TEACHING STRATEGIES


Group work

GROUP WORK

(COOPERATION)

  • Small group work

  • Large group work

  • Critical outcomes (principles of OBE)

    Focus on the outcome


When and how to apply group work 169

WHEN AND HOW TO APPLY GROUP WORK? (169)

  • To reach the ultimate outcome (academic and social)

  • Focus is placed on the active acceptors of information

  • Reconstruct / make sense

  • Work on a realistic task

  • Learners must work together effectively

  • Focus on communication

  • Improve problem solving skills

DEFINE OUTCOMES


Limitations 171

LIMITATIONS (171)

  • Learn how to learn in the environment “skills”

  • Not everybody is willing to do their part

  • Not everybody is accepted in the group

  • Cannot contribute and does not feel competent

  • Teachers do not want take control and places responsibility on learners”

  • If the activity is not monitored can time be wasted

  • Arrange the class


Planning and implementation 172

PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION(172)

  • PLANNING

  • Plan before hand

  • Prepare the learners

  • Design how you will organise the group

  • Prepare the material

  • Develop guidelines

  • Set the problem

  • Organise and set rules.


2 implementation 173

2. IMPLEMENTATION (173)

REMEMBER IF THE LEARNERS ARE NOT COMFORTABLE WITH THE METHOD LET THEM WORK TOGETHER IN A GROUP OF TWO

Step 1: outcomes

Step 2: give the necessary information

Step 3: form the groups under guidance and select role players

Step 4:facilitate /monitor

Step 5:activities to make the conclusions

Step 6: plan assessment


What went wrong

WHAT WENT WRONG?


Cooperative learning

COOPERATIVE LEARNING

ROLE OF THE TEACHER

WHAT IS COOPERATIVE LEANING?

ROLE OF THE LEARNERS

ADVANTAGES

TO WORK TOGETHER TO REACH A SPECIFIC AIM


Groups

GROUPS

  • Specialist group

  • Theme

  • 1

  • Using coopeartive learning

  • 2

  • Why does it work

  • 3

  • What might go wrong

  • 4

  • Preparing for co operative earning

  • 5

  • Advantages of co operative learning

  • 6

  • Limitations

  • 7

  • Reflect on learning


Role of the learner

ROLE OF THE LEARNER

  • Positive interdependence between learners

  • Learners want to understand one another and support one another

  • Individual responsibility

  • Appropriate interpersonal skills are learnt

  • Each member must reflect one what said


Role of the teacher

ROLE OF THE TEACHER

  • Division of groups (board; role play)

  • Task for each group

  • Determine method of feedback

  • Summarise

  • Determine method of assessment

  • Facilitate (keep focused)

  • Motivate

  • Take charge of progress


Disadvantage

DISADVANTAGE

  • Learners do not like group work and prefer to work alone

  • Must learn from one another –only if it is effective

  • Do not want to be associated with the group

  • Success is ensured if learners realize that they are interdependent

  • Can fail if every learner does not realize that they have a responsibility


Advantage

ADVANTAGE

  • Enhances and encourages cooperation between groups

  • Improves communication skills

  • Individual and group attempts are successful

  • Exchange and verbalizes ideas

  • Learners are encourages to think how they learn

  • Learners are responsible for own learning and realizes responsibility

  • A lot of work can be done in a short while

Think of an example from your subject where you can apply it.


Reflect critically on cooperative learning as a teaching strategy see killan

Reflect critically on cooperative learning as a teaching strategy (see Killan)

  • Reason for the implementation : more learners seem to be academically successful

  • Theoretical perspectives

  • Motivation

  • Social cohesion

  • Cognitive development

  • Cognitive elaboration


Motivation

Motivation

  • Group awards motivate students to support one another

  • Group members achieve personal goals

  • Must be motivated to learn – does not matter which strategy is applied

  • Intrinsic motivation


Social cohesion

Social cohesion

  • Students want to help one another , they care and want to be successful

  • Social interdependent

  • Self-evaluation –structure a positive climate


Cognitive perspectives

Cognitive perspectives

  • Cognitive perspective s: Interaction -student involvement is enhanced (Vygotsky)

  • Cognitive elaboration

    - Why? Motivation and support cohesion between groups

    - behaviourist: immediate feedback

    - cognitive : important verbalisation /conceptualisation

    - developmental process : peer modelling

    - humanistic :natural curiosity


Large group work

Large group work

  • Provide clear indications to ensure that all learners engage during the presentation.

  • An advanced organizer directs the student on what to do and to listen with attention

  • Make use of non verbal signals to focus students attention during the presentation

  • Make use of quality media and technology

  • Make eye contact and ask various questions/stop the video

  • Interject humor to make students more alert

  • Circulate between the students

  • Presentations should be a learning activity when all following a common pattern


Large group work small class work

Large group work /small class work

  • In a large group the learners would cover a common pattern or topic and work individually on it where

  • in a small group the learners will work together on either a similar or common topic.

  • In large groups learners have individually responsibilities where in

  • small group roles are assigned to develop specific competencies.

  • In small groups the selection of learners in groups must take place (to ensure that good cooperation will take place) before the time where in

  • large groups the whole class is involved as a single group


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