Age of exploration
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AGE OF EXPLORATION. Why did explorations happen when they did?. A variety of factors all came together to make the time period (1450-1700) the “age of exploration” Some of these factors were pushes , external forces acting on Europe

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AGE OF EXPLORATION

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Age of exploration

AGE OF EXPLORATION


Why did explorations happen when they did

Why did explorations happen when they did?

  • A variety of factors all came together to make the time period (1450-1700) the “age of exploration”

  • Some of these factors were pushes, external forces acting on Europe

  • Some were pulls, motivations and things that attracted the Europeans


Making exploration possible

Making Exploration Possible

Asia

  • Reasons to Travel :

    • Looking for a faster way to _______

    • Wanting a place to spread _______

    • Curious

  • Made improvements on ships

    • Sailed ________ in the water

    • Larger ______ holds

  • _______ - lighter/faster ship

    • steered with _______

    • had _______ to catch wind

    • Equipped with ____________

Religion

Deeper

Cargo

Caravel

Rudder

Sails

Weapons


Global imperial conflict

Global Imperial Conflict

  • Competition between France, Great Britain, and Spain for colonial possessions

  • These European powers fought numerous wars against each other and allied with each other over several centuries.


Remember the 3 gs

Remember the 3 Gs?

  • Gold

  • Glory

  • God


The first g gold

The First G: Gold

  • Gold was a hot item that explorers were looking for, but remember that it is really wealth, not just literal gold that explorers were after.

  • Europe needed gold (and silver) to fuel the rising banking system

  • Europeans also desired spices(Da Gama’s voyage to India made him a 3000% profit!)

  • Other natural resourceswould come to be sold for profit as well (timber, sugar, tobacco, ivory, etc.)

  • This competition will be enhanced by the idea of mercantilism that emerges, the idea that there is only so much wealth in the world, and that to make your kingdom strong you must have more gold and wealth than the other kingdoms


The second g glory

The second G: Glory

  • Just like the first G, Gold, Glory was a relatively new idea in Europe

  • Came out of the Renaissance ideal of Humanism, and the focus on individual achievement

  • With the rise of the printing press, the idea of gaining fame for one’s actions was more possible

  • Also, individual kings wanted glory for their kingdoms, competition spreads

The Triumph of Fame, a Flemish tapestry from 1502.


The third g god

The third G: God

  • As members of a universalizing religion, Europeans had always seen spreading Christianity as a good thing

  • Especially after the Reformation, competition will spring up

  • Colonization will become a race to convert native peoples to a particular brand of Christianity

  • Jesuits (Catholics) are some of the most active


Columbus

Columbus

  • What does the evidence tell us about the importance of Columbus?

  • Was Columbus on green, yellow, or red? What about the king and queen of Spain?

  • Based on the list of explorers and the two documents you read, do you think Columbus’s role in American history is more important or less important than what you originally thought?


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