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Olaudah Equano 1789 The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Challenges to image of Africa and Africans Represents expansion and freedom Atlantic World: Bridge between Old and New Worlds Flow of ideas, people, and goods

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Slavery, Freedom, and British Empire in the Colonial Period

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Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

  • OlaudahEquano

  • 1789 The Interesting Narrative of the Life of OlaudahEquiano

  • Challenges to image of Africa and Africans

  • Represents expansion and freedom

  • Atlantic World: Bridge between Old and New Worlds

    • Flow of ideas, people, and goods

    • Culture, laws and political institutions reflect European powers

    • 18th century- Height of slave trade

    • 1700-1775- 280,000 slaves out of 585,000 persons

  • Contradictions in British America

  • Liberty for whom?

Slavery, Freedom, and British Empire in the Colonial Period


1 slavery and empire

  • The World the Slaveholders Made

  • World Commerce-slave trade

  • Asiento- Spanish

  • Treaty of Utrecht 1713 (Dutch)

  • Atlantic Trade (First Lecture Notes)

  • Triangular Trade routes

  • Caribbean- seasoning process

  • Tobacco, Indigo, Rice, Sugar

  • Sir William Dunbar of Natchez, MS and Jamaica

  • Middle Passage: “the door of no return…”

  • 1762- Quaker Abolitionist John Woolman

#1: Slavery and Empire


Africa and the slave trade

  • Gunpowder Empires (First Lecture Notes)

  • European supply of weapons to African societies

  • African Rulers Involvement in Triangular Slave Trade

  • Played Europeans against one another

  • Collected taxes from foreign merchants

  • Sold captives to European traders

  • Consequences (First Lecture Notes: Portuguese)

  • Disruption of African society

  • Cheap imports/traditional crafts

  • Militarized states

  • Loss of people weakened and distorted West Africa

Africa and the Slave Trade


Slavery in the colonies

  • What is a slave society VS a society with slaves?

  • The Chesapeake

  • Tobacco-based plantation slavery

  • Consolidation of the Elite

  • South Carolina and Georgia

  • Rice-based plantation slavery

  • Indigenous slavery

  • Rice Kingdom

  • The Experiment in Georgia

  • New England and Middle Colonies

  • No plantations

  • Slavery and the Law

  • Enhancement of master’s power

  • Violence

  • Race as a social division

  • Free-Blacks in Virginia

Slavery in the Colonies


Slavery in the north

  • Development of Free-Black Communities

  • Philadelphia

  • “In the Shadow of Slavery…” New York

  • Colonial Life

  • Work patterns

  • Differences of Law

    • Marraiges

    • Testify in Court

    • Own property/Pass along rights

  • Slavery in New York

  • Slavery in Philadelphia

Slavery in the North


Slave culture

  • In the Nether World…

  • Charter generations (Ira Berlin)

  • Abduhl Rahman, Natchez, Mississippi

  • Process of creating cohesive culture

  • 19th century- identify as African Americans

  • Creoles: Slaves born in the New World

  • The World the Slave Made…

  • John Blassingame and Eugene Genovese

    • Slave quarters and Family

  • South Carolina and Georgia

    • The Gullah

  • Enslaved Women

    • Code Noir

  • Slave religion

    • Syncretic religions- Catholicism and Vodu. Candoble

Slave Culture


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

Resistance to Enslavement

  • Occurred

  • At point of Contact

  • During Middle Passage

  • Every facet of society, each day, in the New World

  • Forms

  • Overt: Rebellions and Uprisings, Active forms of resistance, use of religion, meetings, running away,), burning property

  • Covert: Poisoning, breaking tools, work-slow down, feigning sickness or ignorance, burning property

  • Creation of Maroon Communities: Latin America (Cimarron’s) Quilombo, Palmares

  • Hispaniola 1522- first documented slave revolt on island (Haiti/ St. Dominique)

  • Impact: dramatic increase after 1600- affected every part of Africa, introduced fire-arms:

  • Fostered conflict and violence/ growth of Dahomey- powerful slave raiding state/ upset cultural, political, and environmental features of Africa

  • The African Diaspora: Ashanti proverb,” the tree is not cut…”

  • Plantation Societies- introduction of cash crops

  • Sustaining African cultural traditions

    • African and Creole languages

    • Cultural traditions: foods, weaving, pottery, artwork


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

The Turning Point…The Haitian Revolution, 1791-1804

  • Boukman and a ceremony in Bois Caïman…

  • Situation in 1789: social hierarchy

    • “Declaration of Rights of Man”

    • Vincent Oge

  • Slave revolt against French masters

  • Key Leaders

  • Toussaint L’ Ouverture

  • Jean-Jacques Dessalines

  • Second and Third Phases of Revolution

  • Civil War, Economic and Political instability

  • Impact on Slavery in North America

  • Restrictive Laws


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

#2: Creating a British Empire:

Mechanisms for Freedom

  • British Patriotism

  • Symbolism

  • Economy

  • Religious

  • British Constitution

  • Identity and Concept of Liberty

  • Slavery and Liberty

  • Contempt of Foreigners

  • Language

  • General right to resist


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

Political Ideals in the Anglo-American World

  • Republican Liberty

  • Public and Social Quality

  • Virtue

  • “Country Party”

  • Britain: luxury and political manipulation

  • Liberal Freedom (Liberalism)

  • Private and Individual

  • John Locke

    • Opinions about women

  • Exclusions to universal right of liberty


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

Colonial Policies and the Public Sphere

  • The Right to Vote

  • Colonial Politics

  • Law verses Custom: Free Blacks

  • Political Culture

  • Competitive- Middle Colonies

  • Appointive verses elected

  • Property Qualifications

  • Wealth, Education, Social Prominence=right to public office

  • Colonial Government

  • Salutary neglect

  • The Rise of Assemblies

  • Pennsylvania


Slavery freedom and british empire in the colonial period

Politics and the Press in Public Space

  • Language and the Political Nation

  • Dominated by gentry

  • Expansion of public sphere

  • Literary, Philosophical, Scientific, Political

  • Benjamin Franklin and the Junto

    • American Philosophical Association

  • The Colonial Press

  • Market for printed material

  • Circulating libraries

  • Colonial newspapers

  • Freedom of Expression

  • Freedom of speech: 16th century Britain

  • Freedom of press: viewed as dangerous/discouraged


3 imperial rivalries historical snapshot women in the spanish territories

Dependents in Need of Protection…

Free and Enslaved Women

Marriage and Common-Law

Spanish Florida and Race

#3: Imperial RivalriesHistorical Snapshot: Women in the Spanish Territories


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