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Ch.13 Sec 2. Page 458 Travois reservation Sitting bull . People of the Plains. After the Civil War 360,000 Native Americans lived on the Great Plains Native Americans hunted buffalo for food and clothing. . Broken Treaties. U.S. treaties promised to safeguard Native American lands.

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Ch 13 sec 2

Ch.13 Sec 2

Page 458

  • Travois

  • reservation

  • Sitting bull


People of the plains

People of the Plains

  • After the Civil War 360,000 Native Americans lived on the Great Plains

  • Native Americans hunted buffalo for food and clothing.


Broken treaties

Broken Treaties

  • U.S. treaties promised to safeguard Native American lands.

  • As the miners and railroads pushed forward they broke the treaties to take more Native American land.

  • The Fort Laramie Treaty wanted Native Americans to stop following the buffalo and settle permanently.

  • The U.S. officials offered to repay the Native Americans by protecting their lands.


Sand creek massacre

Sand Creek Massacre

  • Gold was discovered on Native American land and they were forced off of the reservation. The Americans had broken the treaty of Fort Laramie.

  • Many warriors resisted and attacked supply trains and homes.

  • In response Colonel John Chivington massacred 100 men ,women and children


End of the buffalo

End of the Buffalo

  • The giant herds of buffalo were hunted almost to extinction by white hunters.

  • The Native Americans depended on buffalo to sustain every part of their lives.

  • One hunter might kill 2,000 buffalo in a month.


Last stand for custer and the sioux

Last stand for Custer and The Sioux

  • Many Sioux and Cheyenne lived on land set aside for them in the Black Hills of the Dakotas.

  • A gold strike brought of flood of miners.

  • Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse led attacks to keep whites out.


Little big horn

Little Big Horn

  • June 1876, under orders to force Native Americans off their land, General Custer attacked a large number of Sioux and Cheyennes.

  • Custer and all his men died


Nez perces navajo

Nez PercesNavajo

  • Bred horses and cattle

  • Forced onto a reservation

  • Chief Joseph fled toward Canada to escape humiliation

  • Chief Joseph surrendered and said

    “ I shall fight no more forever”

  • Raided settlers farms for livestock.

  • White settlers called the U.S. army

  • After a series of wars

  • Navajos were defeated in Arizona.

  • That led the rest of their lives suffering from disease and hunger.


Dawes act

Dawes Act

  • Hoping to improve Native American life, Congress passed the Dawes Act in 1887.

  • It tried to turn Native Americans into farmers.

  • Set up schools to make children more like Americans.

  • Few took to farming and many sold their land cheap to dishonest whites.

  • They were forced to abandon their traditions and remained poor and depended on the government for money.


The apaches

The Apaches

  • Geronimo refused to go to a reservation and led a resistance for 10 years.

  • They attacked settlers in Arizona and New Mexico

  • Geronimo was captured in 1886 and sent to a reservation in Oklahoma.


The battle of wounded knee

The Battle of Wounded Knee

  • The U.S. Army tried to stop Native Americans from performing a ritual dance call “The Ghost Dance”.

  • During a struggle to disarm Native Americans a gun went off and nearly 200 Sioux men, women and children were killed.


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