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EATING DISORDERS. Body Image = How you see your body and the way you feel about it. PEOPLE WITH EATING DISORDERS HAVE A DISTORTED BODY IMAGE. The average American woman is 5'4" tall and weighs 140 pounds The average American model is 5'11" tall and weighs 117 pounds .

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EATING

DISORDERS


Body Image= How you see your body and the way you feel about it.


PEOPLE WITH

EATING DISORDERS

HAVE A DISTORTED

BODY IMAGE.






ANOREXIA usually don't result in death


What is anorexia a serious disorder in which a person starves themselves
What is anorexia? usually don't result in deathA serious disorder in which a person starves themselves.


Judy skinner is a recovered anorexic
Judy Skinner is a usually don't result in deathrecovered anorexic.

  • Judy Sargent

20 years old


  • Judy gave these reasons for becoming anorexic: usually don't result in death

  • Loss of twin brother

  • Low self-esteem

  • Perfectionist

  • Parent's divorce

  • Parents obsession with weight

  • Father said she was "fat" and needed to lose weight.

  • Kids at school used to tease her and call her “chipmunk cheeks."


Judy skinner is a recovered anorexic1
Judy Skinner is a usually don't result in deathrecovered anorexic.

  • Judy Sargent

20 years old

36 years old


Why would a person develop anorexia
WHY WOULD A PERSON usually don't result in deathDEVELOP ANOREXIA?

#1 Media/Social pressures


What was beautiful

What was beautiful? usually don't result in death


Marilyn monroe vs calista flockhart

Marilyn Monroe vs. Calista Flockhart usually don't result in death


Marilyn monroe vs cortney jennifer

Marilyn Monroe vs. Cortney/Jennifer usually don't result in death


What is beautiful today

What is beautiful today? usually don't result in death


2 anxiety and or stress

#2 Anxiety and/or Stress usually don't result in death


3 low self esteem and unhappiness

#3 Low self-esteem and unhappiness usually don't result in death


4 controlling family members

#4 Controlling family members usually don't result in death


5 family emphasis on physical appearance

#5 Family emphasis on physical appearance usually don't result in death


6 mother had an eating disorder

#6 Mother had an eating disorder usually don't result in death


7 perfectionism

#7 Perfectionism usually don't result in death


Warning signs of anorexia
Warning Signs of Anorexia usually don't result in death:

  • Intense fear of gaining weight

  • Skips meals by making up excuses

  • Will not eat in front of others

  • Wears baggy clothing

  • Degrades his/her body frequently

  • Denial of hunger

  • Excessive exercising


Warning signs of anorexia1
Warning Signs of Anorexia usually don't result in death:

  • Hair growth

    • More on body and face

    • Loss on head

  • Absent or irregular menstrual periods

  • Perfectionist

  • Depressed/Lonely/Anxious/Empty/Hopeless

  • Moody/Irritable

  • Strange selections of food

  • Reads food labels constantly


Health effects
Health Effects usually don't result in death

  • Fatigue and lack of energy

  • Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation)

  • Skin problems

  • Dizziness and headaches

  • Dehydration

  • Shortness of breath

  • Irregular heartbeats

  • Cold hands and feet

  • Bloating

  • Constipation and stomachache


Health effects1

Hair loss & Lanugo (fine downy hair) usually don't result in death

Edema (water retention)

Decreased metabolic rate

Infertility

Delayed development in puberty

Depression

Osteoporosis

Health Effects


Health effects2
Health Effects usually don't result in death

  • Insomnia

  • Electrolyte imbalances

  • Kidney and liver damage

  • Anemia Cathartic colon

  • Low potassium (most common cause of nocturnal cardiac arrest)

  • Cardiac arrest and death


BULIMIA usually don't result in death


What is bulimia

What is bulimia? usually don't result in death

Frequent episodes of binge eating followed by one of the following:

Vomiting

Using laxatives

Fasting

Over exercising



Why would a person binge

WHY WOULD A PERSON BINGE? slightly overweight.

#1 To fill a void inside


Binge eating

Binge Eating slightly overweight.


2 to hide negative emotions

#2 To hide negative emotions slightly overweight.

#3 To cope with daily stresses and problems


Why would a person purge

Why would a person purge? slightly overweight.

Because of guilt and

depression of having binged.


Why would a person slightly overweight.

with ANOREXIA be

at risk of developing

BULIMIA?


Warning signs of bulimia
Warning Signs of Bulimia slightly overweight.:

  • Worried about body weight

  • Excessive food consumption

  • Frequent trips to the bathroom after eating

  • Blood shot eyes

  • Sore throat

  • Exercises excessively

  • Irregular menstrual periods

  • Dental problems (tooth enamel wears away)

  • Depression and/or mood swings


Statistics
Statistics slightly overweight.

  • It typically develops in early to mid-adolescents.

  • Relatively uncommon in men only about 10% of individuals diagnosed with bulimia are men.

  • Bulimia Nervosa affects 1-3% of middle and high school girls and 1-10% of college age women.

  • 10% of individuals suffering from bulimia will die from starvation, cardiac arrest, other medical complications, or suicide.


Health effects3
Health Effects slightly overweight.

  • Abrasions on back of hands and knuckles

  • Endocrine Disruption

    • Amenorrhea (loss of menstruation) and irregular menstruation

    • Hair loss

  • Fatigue and lack of energy

    • Low blood pressure

    • Headaches

    • Dizziness

    • Depression


Health effects4
Health Effects slightly overweight.

  • Digestive

    • Stomach pain and bloating

    • Constipation and diarrhea

    • Electrolyte imbalances

    • Erosion of teeth enamel

    • Tears of esophagus

    • Chronic sore throat

    • Development of peptic ulcers and pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas)

    • Dehydration

    • Cathartic colon (caused from laxative abuse)

    • Edema (swelling of hands and feet)

    • Gastric dilation and rupture


Health effects5
Health Effects slightly overweight.

  • Cardiovascular

    • Anemia

    • Shortness of breath

    • Irregular heartbeats

    • Kidney and liver damage

    • Chest pains

    • Cardiac arrest and death


Overeating Disorder slightly overweight.


How much does your drink really weigh
How much does your drink really slightly overweight.weigh?

If you drank one 12oz.can of soda daily and did not increase your physical activity, what would happen?

Average 12oz soda= 160 calories

160 calories X 365 days= 58,400 calories per year

3,500 calories = 1 pound

58,400 calories divide by 3,500 calories=

16.69 pounds of weight gain

What would happen if you drank one 44oz Big Gulp daily?

One 44 oz Big Gulp = 513 calories

Answer: 53.5 pounds


How many food pyramid daily servings do you really need
How many Food Pyramid daily servings do slightly overweight.YOU really need?

Most women Active women Active men

Children (2-6) Most men Teen Boys

Older children

Teen girls

Total Calories 1,600 2,200 2,800___

Food groups

Milk/dairy 2 2 2

Protein 2 2 3

Vegetables 3 4 5

Fruit 2 3 4

Grains 6 9 11

Fats 2 2 3


Five key nutrition messages
Five key nutrition messages: slightly overweight.

  • More fruits and vegetables.

  • More whole grains, fewer processed foods overall.

  • More water, fewer “caloric” drinks.

  • Replace bad fats with “good” fats.

  • Be aware of

    portion sizes.


Physical Activity Pyramid slightly overweight.

20-40 minutes

3-4 times per week

aerobic fitness

45-60 minutes,

3-4 times a week

for weight loss

30 minutes

everyday for health

Children up to 18 years should have a minimum of 60 minutes daily of physical activity


Surgeon general s physical activity recommendation
Surgeon General’s Physical Activity Recommendation slightly overweight.

  • 30 minutes of activity

  • 4-5 times a week.

  • Can be broken up.

  • Reduced risk for Cardio Vascular Disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, obesity, improves mood, some forms of cancer.


Health effects6
Health Effects slightly overweight.

  • Obesity

  • Menstrual irregularities

  • Diabetes

  • High blood pressure

  • High cholesterol

  • Osteoarthritis

  • Decreased mobility


Health effects7
Health Effects slightly overweight.

  • Shortness of breath

  • Heart disease

  • Liver and kidney problems

  • Cardiac arrest and/or death

  • Gallbladder disease

  • Certain types of cancer


4,000 slightly overweight.

Approximate number of annual pedestrian deaths

in America.


40,000 slightly overweight.

Approximate total annual deaths in motor vehicle crashes.


400,000 slightly overweight.

Approximate annual deaths due to sedentary living and poor nutrition.


40,000,000,000 slightly overweight.


$40,000,000,000 slightly overweight.

Approximate direct annual medical expenditures due to obesity, borne by taxpayers.

(Obesity Research, Finkelstein et.al., Jan, ’04)


It’s not just an obesity epidemic. slightly overweight.

It’s an epidemic of physical inactivity and

poor nutrition.


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