The presidency 4
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The Presidency #4 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Presidency #4. Management of the Presidency. Managing the Presidency. Over the last few sections, we have discussed the various jobs and responsibilities of the President. The President has a very large staff, which works to ensure: Presidential Efficiency Information for the President

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The Presidency #4

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The Presidency #4

Management of the Presidency


Managing the Presidency

  • Over the last few sections, we have discussed the various jobs and responsibilities of the President.

  • The President has a very large staff, which works to ensure:

  • Presidential Efficiency

  • Information for the President

  • Day to Day Management of the Executive Mansion

  • Presidential Security

  • Cabinet Needs

  • Vice Presidential Needs


Who is in charge of all of this?

  • This guy is!

  • He is Jacob Lew, the President’s Chief of Staff.

  • The Chief of Staff is the President’s closest assistant.

  • The Chief of Staff can also function as an advisor to the President.


Where does the Staff work?

  • The staff works in the various wings of the White House, mostly in the West Wing.

  • Some offices are off-site in the Old Executive Office Building, near to the White House.

  • The majority of high level officials work in the White House while their support staff is in the OEOB.


The Executive Office of the President

  • Council of Economic Advisers

  • Council on Environmental Quality

  • National Security/Homeland Security Council(s)

  • Office of Administration

  • Office of Management and Budget

  • Office of National Drug Control Policy

  • Office of Science and Technology Policy

  • Office of the United States Trade Representative

  • Office of the Vice President


Also Working at the White House…

  • Office of Cabinet Affairs

  • Office of the Chief of Staff

  • Office of Communications

  • Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy

  • Office of the First Lady

  • Office of Health Reform

  • National Security Advisor

  • Office of Legislative Affairs

  • Office of Management and Administration

  • Oval Office Operations

  • Office of Political Affairs

  • Office of Presidential Personnel

  • Office of Public Engagement and Intergovernmental Affairs

  • Office of the Press Secretary

  • Office of Scheduling and Advance

  • Office of the Staff Secretary

  • Office of the White House Counsel

  • Office of White House Policy

  • White House Military Office


How the EOP Works

  • The EOP functions however the President and the Chief of Staff need it to.

  • This is done to ensure the best quality and efficiency of the EOP.

  • Some Presidents encourage competition to make sure the EOP is at its best.

  • Some Presidents use the collegial approach in an effort to develop “groupthink”.

  • This means that people work together to solve problems, rather than working in competition with each other.


Discussion Question

  • In the Space Below, write the question and your answer:

  • Which (of these 2) management tactics would you use if you were the President. Why? (Be sure to explain your reasons).


The Cabinet


Members of the Obama Cabinet

  • Vice President of the United States-Joseph R. Biden

  • Department of State-Secretary Hillary Rodham Clinton

  • Department of the Treasury-Secretary Timothy F. Geithner

  • Department of Defense-Secretary Leon E. Panetta

  • Department of Justice-Attorney General Eric H. Holder, Jr.

  • Department of the Interior-Secretary Kenneth L. Salazar

  • Department of Agriculture-Secretary Thomas J. Vilsack

  • Department of Commerce-Secretary John E. Bryson

  • Department of Labor-Secretary Hilda L. Solis

  • Department of Health and Human Services-Secretary Kathleen Sebelius

  • Department of Housing and Urban Dev.-Secretary Shaun Donovan

  • Department of Transportation-Secretary Ray LaHood

  • Department of Energy-Secretary Steven Chu

  • Department of Education-Secretary Arne Duncan

  • Department of Veterans Affairs-Secretary Eric K. Shinseki

  • Department of Homeland Security-Secretary Janet A. Napolitano


How the Cabinet is Selected

  • The Cabinet is selected by the President.

  • The President begins selecting this group when they are the President-Elect.

  • Appointments to the Cabinet can be both Political and Merit Based.

  • An example of this is the appointment of Hillary Clinton as Secretary of State.

  • Cabinet appointments must be confirmed by the Senate (as all Presidential appointments are!)


The Cabinet does…..

  • The Cabinet serves as a advisory board for the President.

  • They also act as advocates for the areas they represent in the Cabinet.

  • The President is not required to have a cabinet or meet with them if they have one established.

  • This is another Washingtonian Tradition.

  • This aside, the Cabinet is often divided in to inner and outer groups.

  • The inner Cabinet is made up of Defense, Treasury, State and Justice.

  • The outer cabinet is made up of all others, but can shift depending on Presidential needs.


Discussion Question

  • In the Space below, write the question and your answer:

  • If you were the President, which groups would make up your “inner cabinet”? Select 6 Cabinet offices to make your list.

  • Be sure you can explain why!


The Vice President’s Role

  • As we have discussed on many occasions, the role of the VP has changed over time.

  • While the VP is still seen as “a back up”, they do serve an important purpose.

  • The VP:

  • Can be the head of EOP Councils.

  • Can be a direct advisor to the President.

  • Since the 1970s the VP has played a consistent role as a high level Presidential Advisor.

  • Trust and dependence on the VP as an Advisor and Council Head, along with any other duties, depends on how much the President trusts the VP.


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