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National Historic Landmarks. Exceptional Places, Past and Present. U.S. Department of the Interior—National Park Service. NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP. What are National Historic Landmarks?.

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National Historic Landmarks

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National Historic Landmarks

Exceptional Places, Past and Present

U.S. Department of the Interior—National Park Service


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

What areNational Historic Landmarks?


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

NHLs can be

  • Buildings

  • Districts

  • Sites

  • Structures

  • Objects

Philadelphia Toboggan Co. Carousel #6, CO


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Buildings

Yuma Territorial Prison, AZ Vizcaya, FL


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Districts

  • Districts are more than the sum of their parts.

Canterbury Shaker Village, NH


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Sites

  • Sometimes sites have no buildings at all.

Rock cairn along the Lolo Trail, ID


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Structures

Boston Harbor Island Light Station, MA Eads Bridge, MO


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Some National Historic Landmarks are well known, others are not.

Empire State Building, NY Sloss Furnace, AL


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

How many are there?

  • Over 2,500 properties have qualified

  • 20–25 new landmarks are named each year

Temple Square, UT


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Designation of National Historic Landmarks began in 1960


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

What are the criteria forNational Historic Landmarkdesignation?


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Association with events...

  • Locations where nationally significant historical events occurred

Oregon Trail, South Pass, WY


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

  • Events may represent any time period.

Brandywine Battlefield, a Revolutionary War site, PA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Association with people...

  • Places where prominent Americans lived or worked

Jazz musician John Coltrane’s house, PA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Thomas Jefferson’s Poplar Forest, VA Henry Thoreau’s Walden Pond, MA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Association with ideals...

  • Places that represent ideals that shaped the nation

Brown Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church, Selma, AL


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Outstanding architecture or design

  • Outstanding examples of design or construction

    • Unusual construction

    • Superb craftsmanship

    • Design innovation

Alden Dow home and architectural studio , MI


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Hotel Del Coronado, CA Charleston’s Market Hall, SC


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Characterizing a way of life...

Shakertown at Pleasant Hill, KY


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Ability to yield information...

  • Mostly archeological sites

Abo Mission, NM


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Wailua Complex of Heiaus, HI Kijik Archeological District, AK


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

How does a property becomea National Historic Landmark?

  • For designation information, visit the NHL web site

Bear Butte, SD


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Who owns National Historic Landmarks?

  • More than half are owned privately

  • Others are owned by institutions or government

  • Many are supported by “friends” groups

Laurel Hill Cemetery, PA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

How do owners benefit from designation?


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Owners receive...

  • Honorary recognition

  • Funding information

  • Technical assistance

Wynnewood, TN


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Honorary recognition

  • A bronze plaque is available upon request

Columbus Landing Site, USVI


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Financial assistance

  • NHLs get funding priority in some cases

    • Kennecott Mines received a federal “Save America’s Treasures” grant

Kennecott Mines, AK


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Networking opportunities

  • National Park Service newsletter


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

A Steward’s Association offers...

  • Networking with NHL peers, outreach, advocacy, education

NHL Stewards visit West Point, NY, in 1998


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Information and public education

  • Comprehensive web site

  • Technical assistance

  • Report to Congress


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

What threatens National Historic Landmarks today?


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Threats include...

  • Deterioration

  • Incompatible new construction

  • Damaging uses

  • Erosion

  • Vandalism and looting

  • Demolition


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

  • Deterioration tops the list

New Almaden General Store, CA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

Web Site: www.cr.nps.gov/nhl

  • Funding sources

  • Landmarks database

  • Virtual visits

  • Training information

  • Online publications

Old State Capitol, IA


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

National Park Service support offices and parks offer

  • Localized assistance

    • Technical support

    • Conferences and workshops

    • Survey and nomination help


NHL EXAMPLES BEGINNINGS CRITERIA THREATS STEWARDSHIP

The public also benefits

  • Some NHLs are open to the public

  • Tourism boosts local economies

  • The public better understands our American heritage

Mission Concepcion, TX


For more information contact the National Park Service

This program has been made possible, in part, with special funding by the National Park Servicethrough its Cultural Resources Training Initiative.


National Historic Landmarks

Exceptional Places, Past and Present

U.S. Department of the Interior—National Park Service


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