Cash and funding management for sponsored research
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Cash and Funding Management for Sponsored Research. Business Services Division Cross Functional Training March 31, 2004. Welcome. Jeff Weiner Sponsored Projects Office. Introduction March 31, 2004. Jeffrey Fernandez Interim Chief Financial Officer. A Cross Functional Approach.

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Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Cash and Funding Management forSponsored Research

Business Services Division

Cross Functional Training

March 31, 2004


Welcome

Welcome

Jeff Weiner

Sponsored Projects Office


Introduction march 31 2004

IntroductionMarch 31, 2004

Jeffrey Fernandez

Interim Chief Financial Officer


A cross functional approach

A Cross Functional Approach

  • Recent audit findings and concerns raised by the University and DOE made it clear that proactive steps on LBNL’s part are necessary.

  • Today’s session is designed to:

    • Strengthen financial management internal controls

    • Provide a formal structure for managing awards

    • Identify the specific roles and responsibilities of each group (i.e. Division, SPO, CFO).

  • The information presented for the most part is not new. It will however, require a strong partnering between Divisions, SPO, and AR.

  • As we move toward making the Business Services Division world class, we must ensure that our policies and practices are compliant, documented, and LBNL staff has the proper training tools available.


Cross functional team

Cross Functional Team

March 31, 2004

Chuck Axthelm


Working group objective

Working Group Objective

WFO Audit - Management Response #5 and #6:

  • To improve Principal Investigators and Business Manager’s knowledge and awareness of DOE and LBNL procedures and requirements…A working group was tasked by the CFO to develop a responsibility matrix which will establish WFO roles and responsibilities.


Matrix a cross functional product

Matrix – A Cross-Functional Product

  • Starting with process notes from unbilled cost management activities

  • Starting last April…Working both offline and in meetings with ASD (EETD & LSD) and FSD…an initial draft matrix of roles & responsibilities was developed

  • Starting last October…RAPID Functional Team met weekly for 6 months to rework the matrix and create a “final” draft for management review

    • Chaired by Phyllis Gale, the Functional Team is comprised of both ASD, SPO and FSD subject matter experts


Functional and role matrices

Functional and Role Matrices

Phyllis Gale


Cross functional matrices handout

Cross Functional Matrices Handout

  • Cross Functional Roles and Responsibilities Matrices – Summary and BSD Detailed Roles and Responsibilities

    • Advance Payments

    • Billing the Sponsor

    • Invoicing and Collections

    • Costs Exceed Award Funding (Contract Value) or Occur After the Period of Performance

    • A Word on Cash Management

    • Award Expiration and Closeout

    • E-mail Alerts


Summary functional roles and responsibilities handout

Summary – FunctionalRoles and Responsibilities Handout

  • Summary Functional Roles and Responsibilities Matrices by Role

    • Principal Investigator

    • Division Analyst

    • Accounts Receivable

    • Sponsored Projects Office

    • E-Notifications


Advances

Advances

Lisa Rebrovich


Advances1

Advances

  • Advances for non-federal awards are required under DOE WFO Orders and the DOE Accounting Handbook. The purpose of an Advance is to ensure that a positive cash balance is maintained between the times that a PI incurs expenses and the receipt of sponsor invoice payments covering these expenses.

  • Advance is defined as the 4 highest months of cost (including the start up, equipment, and 4 months of operations costs) of the research award.

    • This is a clarification of the ongoing practice of obtaining a 4 month advance payment.


Advances2

Advances

  • The PI and Division Analyst determines the Advance Invoice amount as part of budget formulation.

    • This amount is recorded in RAPID (Proposal Header) under Additional Information.

  • The SPO CO uses this information for the Advance Invoice and negotiations with the Sponsor.

  • Once the Award is authorized, Accounts Receivable applies the advance payment to the award.


Billing the sponsor

Billing the Sponsor

Jerry Kekos


Responsibilities

Responsibilities

Billing the Sponsor


Bottom line

Principal Investigator

Ultimate Scientific Responsibility

Ultimate Budget Responsibility

Division Analyst, Budget Office, Controller, Accounts Receivable and Sponsored Projects Office

Advisor

Facilitator

Monitor

Bottom Line

Billing the Sponsor


Principal investigator

Principal Investigator

Billing the Sponsor

  • Manages award within funding and time limits

  • Assures charges are allowable & reasonable

  • Responsible for personnel assignments

  • Approves the Subcontract requisition

    • Agreement

    • Payment

  • Ensures Sponsor pre-approvals are in place before event execution:

    • Re-budgeting

    • Key personnel

    • Human/Animal

  • Exercises responsible fiscal control

  • Ensures compliance and reports non-compliance

  • Responsible for training:

    • Financial

    • Administrative


Division analyst

Division Analyst

Billing the Sponsor

Serves as an Advisor:

  • Reviews and understands the Awards Terms and Conditions.

  • Assures the that all award costs are treated consistently with regard to direct and indirect allocation and Cost Accounting Standards.

  • Transactions are within the award funding (contract value), available cash balances, and period of performance.

  • Reasonableness of cost of the transactions

  • Reasonable allocation of the cost

  • Reports instances of Financial non-compliance


Division analyst1

Division Analyst

Billing the Sponsor

Serves as a Facilitator:

  • Processes financial transactions (i.e. certifies invoices).

  • Reviews and analyzes financial reports for sponsored awards

  • Prepares documents and provides information for re-budgeting if required by Sponsor.

  • Prepares requests for Resource Adjustments (cost transfers) and validates for posting by Accounting.

  • Prepares documents and provides information for compliance with effort reporting (such as "NIH Other Support") on the sponsored award


Division analyst2

Division Analyst

Billing the Sponsor

Serves as a Monitor:

  • One of the Division Analyst’s most important role is working with the PI and others to get the costs associated with an award right before it is invoiced.

  • Ensures the correct burden codes and other attributes are assigned to the proposal and the project.

  • Tools to Manage

    • Cost Browser on IRIS

    • Award Management Report on IRIS

    • Future reports and other tools will be developed in BLIS


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Budget Office

Pre-audit selected financial transactions

Provide institutional oversight on resource adjustments

Perform risk analysis ensure compliance

Reports instances of financial non-compliance

Controller/Accounts Receivable

Prepare invoices to sponsors in timely basis

Prepare interim financial reports (with Divisions)

Approve or recommend approval of unexpended fund carry-forward

Assists P.I. & Divisions with procedural questions (billing & payments)

Reports instances of Financial non-compliance

Billing the Sponsor


Sponsored projects office

Sponsored Projects Office

Billing the Sponsor

  • Authorizes Award Funding in RAPID and Distributes a SPAA

  • Assists P.I. with procedural management of active research projects

  • Reports instances of non-compliance


Going forward

Going Forward

Billing the Sponsor

  • Provide a seamless operation

  • Everyone clearly knows what their roles are as well as how they fit into the larger picture

  • Nothing gets

    • passed,

    • punted or

    • dropped

  • Be Proactive

  • Take Responsibility

  • Partner with other functional groups

  • Ignorance is not bliss


Invoicing and collections

Invoicing and Collections

Sallie Frainier


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • Invoicing the Sponsor

    • Invoices are printed the fifth working day of the month after the monthly billing run (closing schedule on web).

    • Invoices are due upon receipt.

  • Collections: In order to ensure the LBNL is not in a vulnerable cash position we are stepping up our collection practices and have documented the cross functional roles:


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • Division Analyst Role:

    • Provide information and prepares documents to resolve cost overruns

    • Works with PI, SPO Contracts Officer, and Accounts Receivable to resolve problems with slow and nonpayment (collection) of invoice payments.

    • Close projects in order to suspend work due to nonpayment of invoices at the request of Accounts Receivable and Sponsor Projects Office.


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • Accounts Receivable

    • Assists the Principal Investigator and Division Analyst with procedural questions regarding invoicing, payments, and collections.

    • Prepares invoices and sends to sponsors.

    • Receives payments from sponsors and applies them to the invoice.

    • Works with PI, SPO, and Division Analysts to resolve problems with slow and nonpayment (collection) of invoices.

    • Tracks collection activity in the BAR Conversations


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • Sponsored Projects Office

    • Works with PI, Accounts Receivable, and Division Analysts to resolve problems with slow and nonpayment (collection) of invoices.

    • Works with PI, Division Analysts, Accounts Receivable and the Sponsor regarding potential suspension of work if invoices are not paid in a timely fashion. Will suspend work if Sponsor does not pay invoices.


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • Collections Process

    • 30 days past due

      • First dunning notice and first phone call to sponsor by AR.

      • Calls are logged in BAR Conversations.

    • 60 days past due

      • Second dunning notice to sponsor. AR Manager calls sponsor.

      • AR will notify SPO CO and Division Analysts if there are issues.

      • Calls are logged in BAR Conversations.


Cash and funding management for sponsored research

Invoicing and Collections

  • 90 days past due

    • Third dunning notice sent along with notification to SPO CO and Division Analyst.

    • SPO will issue a notice (via fax) to sponsor that payment must be received by end of month or work will be suspended.

    • Division Analyst will let PI know that SPO will contact Sponsor regarding possible suspension of work.

    • Calls are logged in BAR Conversations.


Invoicing and collections1

Invoicing and Collections

  • 120 days past due

    • AR notifies responsible SPO CO and Division Analyst that work should be suspended and the associated projects need to be closed effective the first day of the following month if payment not received.

    • SPO issues written notice via fax to sponsor that work has been suspended and a termination notice will be sent in 30 days if the payment(s) have not been received.

    • Division Analyst will let PI know that SPO will contact Sponsor regarding suspension of work and the projects will close in 30 days if payment not received.

    • Calls are logged in BAR Conversations.


Invoicing and collections2

Invoicing and Collections

  • 150 days past due

    • AR manager follows up with the sponsor to collect payment and notifies SPO CO and Division Analyst if Sponsor has not paid.

    • If no payment is received, AR notifies SPO and Division Analyst that award will terminate and will be referred to DOE for collections at 180 days past due.

    • SPO issues a termination notification via fax to sponsor on 150th day that the award is terminated on the 165th day.


Invoicing and collections3

Invoicing and Collections

  • 180 days past due

    • AR supervisor notifies SPO CO and Division Analyst that the collection is being submitted to DOE for collection.

      If the Sponsor pays after DOE has begun the collection process, it would have to be decided on a case by case basis to continue research with the sponsor and under what conditions to minimize the financial risk to LBNL.


Invoicing and collections4

Invoicing and Collections

  • When will the new collection process begin?

    • April 2004


Collections impact

Collections Impact

  • Impact as of 2/29/04

    • 355 Invoices are on the aging report.

    • Based on past history, anywhere from 5-8% of aged invoices are 120 days or older

      • Industry standard is 2% allowance for doubtful accounts

  • Under the new Collection procedures, 84 Awards could have qualified for suspension ~ about $400K in outstanding invoiced costs


Invoicing and collections5

Invoicing and Collections

  • Some Tools to Assist you are:

    • Award Management Report

    • Monthly 737 report located on G:Public/777rpt

    • Monthly Invoice Aging Report located on G:Public/Aging Report

    • PeopleSoft BAR Conversations (Go/Manage Sales Activity/Collect Receivables/Use/Conversations. Input Customer ID. Notes section available for read/write).


Costs exceed award funding contract value or costs incurred after period of performance

Costs Exceed Award Funding (Contract Value)orCosts Incurred AfterPeriod of Performance

Sallie Frainier


Costs beyond funding costs beyond period of performance

Costs Beyond FundingCosts Beyond Period of Performance

  • Reasons for unbilled costs are:

    • Costs past Period of Performance

    • Costs in excess of funding

  • Both situations require immediate attention by the Division Analyst.

  • Division Analysts should coordinate with SPO to obtain no cost extension in the event period of performance expired but funding remains. Notify AR of action.


Costs beyond funding costs beyond period of performance1

Costs Beyond FundingCosts Beyond Period of Performance

  • Division Analyst works with SPO CO and sponsor to obtain additional funding (under terms of award) where costs exceed funding. Notify AR of action.

  • Division Analyst works to remove costs if applied to project in error.

  • Division Analyst submits a formal request for Bridge Funding in circumstances where additional funding is forthcoming. (must be verifiable)


Costs beyond funding costs beyond period of performance2

Costs Beyond FundingCosts Beyond Period of Performance

  • If the award remains in a negative funding position, the award and project will close on the first of the month following 30 continuous days in a negative position within a one month accounting period.

4/1/04

5/1/04

6/1/04

Award goes negative 4/15/04

Award remains negative through 5/31/04

Award and Projects Close effective 6/1/04


Costs beyond funding costs beyond period of performance3

Costs Beyond FundingCosts Beyond Period of Performance

  • If the research is complete,

    • Division Analyst verify the costs are correct to AR

    • AR produces Final Invoice (refer to Award Expiration and Closeout procedures)

  • Some Tools to Assist you are:

    • Cost Browser on IRIS

    • Award Management Report on IRIS

    • Monthly 737 report located on G:Public/777rpt

    • E-Notifications

      • 25% of Funding Remaining

      • Costs have exceed Funding

      • Award and Projects closure


Costs beyond funding costs beyond period of performance4

Costs Beyond FundingCosts Beyond Period of Performance

  • Impact of Unbilled Costs as of 2/29/04

    • 98 awards have unbilled costs.

      • 33 awards have exceeded the funding.

      • 33 awards have exceeded funding after the period of performance.

      • 32 awards have costs after the period of performance with funding.

    • The 33 awards that had exceeded funding within their period of performance would have been eligible to receive e-notifications regarding the negative funding status.


A word about cash management

A Word About Cash Management

Sallie Frainier


Cash management

Cash Management

These policies will help ensure compliance with UC, DOE, federal accounting standards, and individual sponsor requirements.

We have focused on funding and cost management to this point, but there is another side to award management and that is “Cash Management”


Cash management1

Cash Management

  • Cash management means that we manage costs to the cash received to date.

  • Cash received = Advance payments + invoice payments

  • If costs exceed cash received then the project is in a cash negative position.

  • The status of the award’s cash management

    Position is detailed on the Award Management Report and the 737 report in the “Available Cash” column.


Cash management2

Cash Management

  • The requirements around advance payments and prompt invoice payment are designed to alleviate a negative cash position and assure that DOE funds are not used to support sponsored research while waiting for invoice payments.

  • Cash management requirements may be implemented in future. If so, we will provide information and training to Division Analysts and PIs.


Award expiration and closeout

Award Expiration and Closeout

Andre Bell


Award expiration and closeout1

Award Expiration and Closeout

  • Managing Award expiration and closeout was reviewed at the RAPID Meeting on 3/19/04.

    • The roles and responsibilities and procedures can be accessed at:

      http://www.lbl.gov/Workplace/CFO/SPO/Closeouts/Closeout_Body.htm

  • Tools to manage award expiration includes

    • Award Management Report

    • Monthly 737 report located on G:Public/777rpt

    • E-Notifications

      • E-Notification for Award Expiration at 90, 60, and 30 days prior to end of the period of performance

      • E-Notification for Award Closeout at one day after the expiration date


Award expiration and closeout2

Award Expiration and Closeout


Summary of changes

Summary of Changes

Phyllis Gale


Summary of changes1

Summary of Changes

  • Advances – 4 highest months of costs + equipment + research start up costs.

  • Costs and Billing – Expectation that all costs are correct at time of initiation

    • Reduces Billing errors

    • Reduces credit invoices and confusion on the part of our sponsors.

  • Payment Collection – Proactive, Cross-functional collection process.

    • Reduces outstanding invoices and avoids suspension of work for nonpayment of invoices.

  • Managing Costs within the Contract Value

    • Problem known immediately and resolved to avoid closure of award prior to period of performance

    • Awards and Projects close if Costs have Exceeded Funding thru a complete accounting cycle

    • Eliminate unbilled costs.


Summary of changes2

Summary of Changes

  • Award Expiration and Closeout –

    • Awards close the day after expiration

    • Projects close 30 days after period of performance.

    • Coordinate contractual and sponsor closeout requirements and submission of documentation.

    • Final Invoices sent by the target period of 90 days after period of performance eliminates unbilled costs.


E notifications

E-Notifications

Phyllis Gale


E notifications1

E-Notifications

  • Costs Exceed Award Funding (Contract Value) or Occur After the Period of Performance

    • 25% of Funding Remaining.

    • Costs have Exceeded Funding.

    • Costs have Exceeded Funding thru a complete accounting cycle and Award and Projects close.

  • Award Expiration and Closeout

    • Award Expiration e-notices sent 90, 60, and 30 days prior to end of the period of performance.

    • Email Notification for Award Closeout sent one day after the expiration date.


E notifications2

E-Notifications

  • When will the E-Notifications start?

    • May 1, 2004

    • The E-Notifications for April will be run in the beginning of April

      • The e-mails will be captured on a spreadsheet and sent to Division Analysts for review and action.

  • Who will receive E-Notifications?

    • PIs

    • Division Analysts (Managed through Smartlists)

    • SPO CO assigned to the award

    • AR at the time of Award and Project Closeout


Questions

Questions?


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