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16.3 No End in Sight - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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16.3 No End in Sight. Union Victories in the West. Ulysses S. Grant was a successful general in the West. His strategy: Find out where your enemy is, get at him as soon as you can, strike at him as hard as you can, and keep moving on.

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16.3 No End in Sight

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16 3 no end in sight

16.3 No End in Sight

Union victories in the west

Union Victories in the West

  • Ulysses S. Grant was a successful general in the West.

  • His strategy: Find out where your enemy is, get at him as soon as you can, strike at him as hard as you can, and keep moving on.

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  • In Feb., 1862 Grant took control of Fort Donelson in northwestern Tennessee.

  • This was the first step in trying to cut off river transportation in the South.

  • Grant then went on to take Fort Henry, and finally Nashville.

The battle of shiloh

The Battle of Shiloh

  • After Grant’s victories in Tennessee, Confederate leader Albert Sidney Johnston ordered a retreat to Corinth, Mississippi.

  • True to his word, Grant chased after Johnston.

  • On April 6, 1862, Johnston and his troops surprised Grant near Shiloh Church (Battle of Shiloh)

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  • Johnston is killed in this battle.

  • During the night, Grant received a fresh supply of troops and he forced the Southern troops to retreat the next day.

  • Union casualties: 13,000

  • Confederate casualties: 11,000

  • Congress was distressed over the Union casualties and wanted Grant removed because of the high casualties, but Lincoln (commander in chief) was thrilled that he had finally found a general who would take the fight to the Rebels.

The f all of new orleans

The Fall of New Orleans

  • On April 25, 1862, David Farragut captured New Orleans.

  • This was a problem for the South because it was one more step towards control of the Mississippi.

  • This left only 150 miles of the Mississippi that was controlled by the Confederacy.

  • The remaining obstacle to Union control was Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Lee c laims v ictories in the east

Lee Claims Victories in the East

  • In the spring of 1862, McClellan finally made a move to capture Richmond (this would be the second attempt).

  • McClellan succeeded in getting to within a few miles of the city.

  • One problem: in June, 1862, Robert E. Lee took charge of the Army of Northern Virginia and turned the tables on McClellan. This was known as the Seven Days’ Battles because the two fought for a week with the end result that

16 3 no end in sight

  • McClellan suffered fewer casualties, but he ran back out of Virginia and didn’t chase Lee down.

Lee invades the north

Lee Invades the North

  • Lee was feeling pretty confident with himself and so decided to attack the North.

  • He had good reasons:

  • 1)the North was already dispirited about the disaster at Richmond

  • 2)Lee hoped that a successful attack in the North would bring Lincoln to the bargaining table

  • 3)taking the fight to northern soil would keep it off Virginia farmland where it was time to harvest crops

  • 4)he was hoping it would be like the Battle of Saratoga and a solid win would encourage Europe to help out

Bloody antietam

Bloody Antietam

  • After Lee left Maryland he drew up detailed battle plans for his northern invasion.

  • Somehow one of his officers accidentally left those plans wrapped around three cigars at a campsite and POOF!

  • When Union troops came through the area and happened across that very campsite, the plans were found!

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  • This gave McClellan a golden opportunity that even he could not pass up.

  • September 17, 1862, the two armies met at the Battle of Antietam and Lee was forced to retreat back to Virginia.

  • 25,000 (12,000 for the North)casualties in one battle.

  • Unlike Grant, McClellan did not pursue Lee and Lincoln was so disgusted with him that he removed him and replaced him with Grant.

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