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ANAPHYLAXIS. Life-Threatening Allergies. Allergic Reactions. Types of life-threatening allergies usually seen in students :. Insects, Bees Latex or Rubber. Peanuts and Tree Nuts. Foods. Latex Allergies.

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Life-Threatening Allergies

Allergic reactions
Allergic Reactions

Types of life-threatening allergies usually seen in students:

  • Insects, Bees

  • Latex or Rubber

  • Peanuts and Tree Nuts

  • Foods

Latex allergies
Latex Allergies

Some special needs students, such as those with spina bifida, have latex precautions or allergies. Items that may contain latex (rubber) in the classroom include:

  • Gloves

  • Toys

  • Pencil Erasers

  • Balloons

    Be sure to use non-latex gloves and avoid these items in the classroom.

Nut and peanut allergies
Nut and Peanut Allergies

  • Students can be allergic to only tree nuts (almonds, walnuts, etc) and OK to eat peanuts.

  • Some students can be allergic to only peanuts and OK to eat tree nuts.

  • Items that contain nuts are not always obvious. If there is any question, substitute the questionable food item with a known “safe” replacement.

  • The student’s specific allergies will be identified in the health care plan.


  • When the allergic reaction is life-threatening, it is called ANAPHYLAXIS.

  • Students with Anaphylaxis should have a health care plan prepared by the school nurse.

  • Teachers with students with Anaphylaxis should be familiar with the care plan and emergency actions necessary.

Anaphylaxis symptoms
Anaphylaxis Symptoms

  • Throat “closing off”

  • Rapid onset

  • Sweating

  • Weakness

  • Feelings of apprehension

  • Tingling in mouth, face,

    or throat

  • Itching

  • Wheezing

  • Shallow respirations

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Vomiting

  • Stomach cramps

  • Diarrhea

What is an epi pen
What is an “Epi-pen”?

  • Many people with Anaphylaxis carry an

    “Epi-pen” with them at all times.

  • An “Epi-pen” contains a single dose of epinephrine (adrenalin) that when given, will open the airways for approximately 15 minutes and allow them to breathe.

  • This is only temporary relief. You must also call 911 when a student has an Anaphylaxis reaction.

How to use an epi pen
How To Use An Epi-pen

  • Remove the blue safety cap when ready to use.

  • Place orangetip on thigh at right angle to leg. You do not need to remove the clothing.

  • Press hard, through the clothing, into the thigh until you hear a click.

  • Hold for 10 seconds against thigh.

Epi pen use
Epi-pen Use

  • Massage injection area for 10 seconds.

  • Call 911 immediately

  • Give Epi-pen to EMS when they arrive.

  • Note the time you used the Epi-pen.

  • Be prepared to initiate CPR if breathing stops.

Call 911 immediately

Auvi q

  • Auvi-Q is a new type of epinepherine auto-injector. It works the same but has voice commands to guide you.

Be prepared
Be Prepared

  • Know your student’s specific health concerns.

  • Review and be familiar with the health care plan.

  • Call your school nurse with questions.

  • Know where the Epi-pen is to be stored: carried by student or kept with other medications in the school office.

This is only basic epi pen information
This is only basic Epi-pen information

You MUST receive

one-on-one training

from a school nurse

prior to administering

an Epi-pen