Blood borne pathogen training isd 361 2014 2015
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Blood borne pathogen training isd 361 2014 2015

Blood borne pathogen trainingISD 3612014-2015


Bloodborne pathogen training

Bloodborne pathogen training

  • This presentation will inform you of the essential components of the Bloodborne Pathogen Act, how to keep yourself safe, what to do if you are exposed to a hazard, and a signature page for OSHA documentation of training.


The bloodborne pathogen act

The bloodborne pathogen act

  • In 1993, OSHA

    decreed that every employer needed to survey employees, determine which ones were at risk for exposure to blood because of their jobs, and develop an exposure control plan.


What is a bloodborne pathogen

What is a bloodborne pathogen?

  • Pathogen (disease causing) microorganisms that are present in human blood and can infect and cause disease in humans.

  • We’re most concerned about Hepatitis B (HBV) and HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)

Definition:


Characteristics of bloodborne pathogens

Characteristics of Bloodborne Pathogens

Symptoms include weakness, fever, sore throat, nausea, headaches, diarrhea, or there may be no symptoms

Symptoms include fatigue, stomach pain, loss of appetite, nausea, jaundice, darkened urine, or there may be no symptoms.

HBV

Attacks liver

Modes of transmission

Sexual contact

Needle sharing

Mother to baby

Other body fluid contact

Vaccine preventable

Virus needs high level of bactericide to be killed-it

can live in dried blood for 7 days!

HIV

  • Attacks immune system

  • Modes of transmission

    • Sexual contact

    • Needle sharing

    • Mother to baby

    • Other body fluid contact

    • Not vaccine preventable

    • Virus is killed easily outside the body


So when do i have to worry

So when do I have to worry ?

  • An exposure incident occurs when someone else’s blood comes into contact with your bloodstream. Intact skin protects you. That blood has to get into your system—either through a cut in your skin or through the mucus membranes of your eyes, nose or mouth for you to be at risk.


Blood borne pathogen training isd 361 2014 2015

  • If you feel this may have happened to you, please be sure to tell you supervisor right away, and contact the school nurse to see what to do next.

  • If an exposure occurs, the district will pay for you to be checked by a physician of your choice, and also attempt to obtain testing of the student to whom you were exposed.

  • All results are confidential, and are NOT shared with the District. Only you and your health care provider know the results of the testing.


When may a pathogen exposure occur in a school district

When may a Pathogen Exposure Occur in a School District ?

  • Delivery of first aid/health care

  • Aggressive student behavior

  • Handling of sharps

  • Cleanup of blood or body fluids

  • Medically delegated tasks (suctioning, respiratory care, blood glucose monitoring)


What to do for a first aid incident to keep yourself safe

What to do for a first aid incident to keep yourself safe

  • Use personal protective equipment.

    (gloves, plastic-lined trash, goggles, etc.)

  • Call for assistance, if needed.

  • Instruct injured person on self-care of injury, if age-appropriate.

  • Use a barrier (paper towel, cloth, etc.) in treating injury.

  • Dispose of material in plastic lined container or plastic bag.

  • Wash your hands thoroughly.


You are also eligible for free immunization

You are also eligible for free immunization

  • Because your job puts you at risk (albeit very minimal) of contact with student blood, you are also eligible to receive the Hepatitis B vaccine series, if you haven’t already.

  • This is a series of 3 shots over 6 months, and provides over 85% effectiveness against HBV infection.

  • Once you’ve completed this tutorial and given the school nurse your signed certificate, they will contact you about whether or not you’d like to receive the series.

  • Presently, these 3 shots provide lifelong immunity. They’re administered at our local public health office, 1000 5th Street, Second floor of the Forestland Annex Building.


To help you decide about the vaccine here s some information about hepatitis b

To help you decide about the vaccine, here’s some information about Hepatitis B?

Who gets Hepatitis B?

Hepatitis B is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus. There are about 700 cases reported in Minnesota each year.

Anyone can get Hepatitis B, but behaviors that put one at greater risk include drug use with needle sharing, health care work with a lot of blood exposure, men having sex with men especially multiple partners, being a resident of a center for the developmentally disabled, hemodialysis, household contacts of an infected person.

A vaccine to prevent Hepatitis B has been available for several years. It is safe, effective and is recommended to people in high-risk settings. It is included in present day baby shots, too.

Approximately 6-10% of the US population becomes Hepatitis B carriers.

HBV carriers should follow standard hygiene practices to ensure that close contacts are not directly contaminated by his or her blood or other body fluids. Infected persons (cases and carriers) must not share razors, toothbrushes, needles or any other object that may have become contaminated with blood. Use of latex condoms during sexual activity may reduce transmission. In addition, susceptible household member, particularly sexual partners, should be immunized with Hepatitis B vaccine. Infected people must not donate blood and should inform their dental and medical care providers so that proper precautions can be followed.

How can Hepatitis B be prevented?

What is the risk?

What precautions should HBV cases and carriers take?


Bloodborne pathogen quiz true or false

Bloodborne pathogen quiz True or false……

  • HIV is the only infectious disease carried by the blood about which you should be concerned.

  • Everyone who is infected with HBV will have symptoms.

  • HBV can survive on environmental surfaces dried and at room temperature for at least a week.

  • “Universal precautions” means you consider every person and all blood and most body fluids to be potentially infectious.

  • If hand washing facilities are not available, the school system will need to provide another cleaning method.

  • Always wear gloves and use a broom and dust pan to pick up glass and sharp objects.

  • The key to avoiding infection is to stay away from high risk groups.

  • Only hospital workers need to get HBV vaccination.

  • You can throw infectious waste into any trash container.

  • Contact the school nurse with any bloodborne pathogen questions.

    F, F, T, T, T, T, F, F, F, T


Blood borne pathogen training isd 361 2014 2015

Minnesota IndependentSchool District 361 Certificate of Completion Bloodborne Pathogen TrainingSchool Year 2014-2015

I have completed this Bloodborne Pathogen Tutorial, and know how to get the answers to any questions I have about it.

PRINT NAME _____________________________

SIGNATURE _____________________________

DATE _____________________________

1. Please print out this certificate (PAGE 16 ONLY!), sign and date it, and put it into the School Nurse’s box.

2. She will then contact you regarding your eligibility and if you want to receive the HBV vaccine series.

3. Feel free to contact her at any time with questions regarding blood borne pathogens at

[email protected] , or 283-2571, Ext. 131.


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