Why should i be moral the ring of gyges
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Why Should I Be Moral? The Ring of Gyges. This question is not about what is moral (an issue of “normative” ethics) but about why I should do what I acknowledge is moral when it is not in my self-interest to do so (a “metaethical issue). Answers to “Why Be Moral?”.

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Why should i be moral the ring of gyges
Why Should I Be Moral? The Ring of Gyges

This question is not about what is moral (an issue of “normative” ethics) but about why I should do what I acknowledge is moral when it is not in my self-interest to do so (a “metaethical issue).


Answers to why be moral
Answers to “Why Be Moral?”

  • Rational: my justification for acting morally is precisely because I see it as moral

    • Objection: why be rational?

  • Religious: God links sanctions (punishments and rewards) to immoral/moral behavior

    • Objection: not persuasive to non-believers

  • Social: adherence to moral rules promotes the rational self-interest of everyone

    • Objection: not persuasive to free riders


Divine command theory
Divine Command Theory

The good is whatever God commands (as identified in the Scriptures) because it is God’s command

Objections:

  • What God wills can be arbitrary

  • Scriptures conflict and need interpretation

  • If God’s will is not arbitrary, then moral principles are justified non-religiously


Social contract theory
Social Contract Theory

  • Following moral rules is the best way for us to promote our rational self-interests

  • To discourage free riders, we need to make it difficult to get away with breaking rules

    • Objection: this does not explain why everyone has an obligation to be moral


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