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Police in America. Chapter Nine Police –Community Relations. Definition of Police Community Relations. Police-community relations refers primarily to relations between the police and racial and ethnic minority communities. Hispanic More likely to experience police initiated contact

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police in america

Police in America

Chapter Nine

Police –Community Relations

definition of police community relations
Definition of Police Community Relations
  • Police-community relations refers primarily to relations between the police and racial and ethnic minority communities.
different racial and ethnic groups
Hispanic

More likely to experience police initiated contact

Largest racial or ethnic minority group by 2010

Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Haiti, Central and South America

Native American

Higher crime rate on reservation

Tribal police

Asian Americans

Vietnam, Cambodia are newest immigrants

African American

Different racial and ethnic groups
public opinion and the police
Public Opinion and the police
  • Racial and Ethnic differences
    • Significant differences of different racial and ethnic groups
    • Majority of African Americans and Hispanics have a favorable attitude toward the police
  • Attitudes about police use of force
    • 60% white favorable
    • 33% black favorable
    • 42% Hispanic favorable
public opinion and the police5
Public Opinion and the police
  • Vast majority of Americans have a positive attitude toward the police.
  • Racial and ethnic minorities consistently rate the police less favorably than whites.
  • A majority of African Americans and Hispanics gives the police a generally favorable rating.
  • Young people rate the police less favorably than older people.
  • Poor people, less educated people, and crime victims tend to rate the police lower than others.
  • There are significant differences in opinions about the police among different cities.
police field practices
Deadly Force

Source of major conflict between minorities and police

Changed significantly over last 40 years

Does current disparity between African Americans and whites shot and killed represent systematic discrimination?

Use of Physical Force

Most common complaint by minorities

Use of force continuum

Police use force more often against

Criminal suspects

Male suspects

Black males

Drunk and antagonistic

Physical resistance

Police Field Practices
police field practices7
Arrest

African Americans more than whites relative to their percentage in the population

Arrests of blacks more likely declined for prosecution than whites

Drug offences

Traffic Stops

Driving while black

Driving while brown

Driving while female

Field interrogations and searches

Being out of place

Conflicting evidence

Police Field Practices
police field practices8
Police Field Practices
  • Verbal Abuse and ethnic slurs
    • Rodney King incident
  • Canine Units
    • Higher incidence of dog bites
  • Delay in Responding to calls
    • Family disturbance
  • Abuse of gay men, lesbians, and transgendered persons
    • Abuse and disrespect
administrative practices
Administrative practices
  • Handling Citizen Complaints
    • Whitewash officer conduct?
    • Hispanic Americans less likely to file complaints
  • Employment practices
    • Racial and ethnic minorities underrepresented in departments
  • Improving police-community relations
    • Creating special police-community relations units
    • Training for officers
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